Harriet Duncan Hobart

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Harriet Duncan Hobart (1825–1898) was an American schoolteacher and women's rights advocate. After teaching in New York City, she came to Minnesota in 1868 and became an advocate for temperance and women's suffrage. She was president of the Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) for seventeen years and urged the WCTU to work on behalf of women's rights more broadly.[1]

Early life[edit]

Harriet A. Duncan, born in the north of Ireland in 1825, immigrated to the United States and landed in New York City in 1843. She became a successful teacher, working in classrooms for twenty-five years. She also doubled as a principal for fifteen of those years.[1]

In April 1868, Duncan came to Red Wing, Minnesota, to marry a recently widowed Methodist Episcopal churchman, Chauncey Hobart. Her groom had built an impressive reputation serving Methodists in Illinois and Wisconsin frontier towns before reaching Minnesota.[1]

Temperance Movement[edit]

Hobart became part of the Temperance Movement.[1] She took an active role in the 1874 Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) convention in Red Wing. She was a speaker at the meeting, along with Julia Bullard Nelson and Elizabeth Hutchinson. These three WCTU leaders also believed women should have the right to vote, and argued successfully for a vote in support of women's suffrage.[1]

In 1877, Hobart helped to organize the local Red Wing Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She became president and continued in that role for seventeen years.[1] Seen by her colleagues as an effective leader and speaker, Hobart became president of the Minnesota WCTU in 1881. She held that position for thirteen years. Her tenure as president proved the longest in the group's history.[1]

Hobart's 1891 speech before the Minnesota WCTU's Fifteenth Convention argued for women's rights broadly. She and other leaders were widening the scope of their organization. Some critics within the WCTU felt such efforts were a sideshow that weakened the struggle against liquor. But Hobart believed strongly in women's equality. Hobart, like many of her WCTU sisters, believed that getting the vote would empower women and eventually bring about equal rights. This strength would help them in their war on intoxicating beverages.[1]

During her 1892 presidential address before the WCTU, Hobart told of the Union's power to influence others. She told members to share their views about regulation of the liquor traffic with every man they dealt with-husbands, brothers, sons, friends, merchants, and workmen.[1]


Hobart died in 1898 at age 74.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Johnson, Frederick L. "Hobart, Harriet Duncan (1825–1898)". MNopedia. Retrieved January 14, 2014. 


  • Angell, Madeline. Red Wing, Minnesota: Saga of a River Town. Minneapolis: Dillon Press, 1977.
  • Bordin, Ruth. Woman and Temperance: The Quest for Power and Liberty, 1873–1900. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1981.
  • Curtiss-Wedge, Franklyn. History of Goodhue County, Minnesota. Chicago: H.C. Cooper, Jr. & Co., 1909.
  • "Historical Society Notes." Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society 9 (December 1928) 363.
  • Hobart, Chauncey. History of Methodism in Minnesota. Red Wing: Red Wing Printing Co., 1887.
  • ———. Recollections of My Life: Fifty Years of Itinerancy in the Northwest. Red Wing: Red Wing Printing Co., 1885.
  • Hobart, Harriet A. "Annual Address of the President," Minutes of the Fifteenth Annual Meeting of the W.C.T.U. of the State of Minnesota. Red Wing: The Journal Printers, 1891: 95.
  • ———. Minutes of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the W.C.T.U. of the State of Minnesota. Austin: Register Printers, 1896.
  • Hurd, Ethel Edgerton. Woman Suffrage in Minnesota: A Record of the Activities in Its Behalf since 1847. Minneapolis: Inland Press, 1916.
  • Johnson, Frederick L. "Battling Booze: Goodhue County and Prohibition." Goodhue County Historical News 45 (Fall 2010): 1, 3–6.
  • --. Goodhue County: A Narrative History. Red Wing: Goodhue County Historical Society, 2000.
  • Leaf, Julia Wiech. "A Woman of Purpose: Julia B. Nelson." Minnesota History 39, no. 8 (Spring 1964): 307.
  • Scovell, Bessie Lathe. "President's Address," Minutes of the Twenty-Fourth Annual Meeting of the W.C.T.U. of the State of Minnesota. St. Paul: W.J. Woodbury, 1900.
  • ———. Yesteryears: A Brief History of the Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union from Its Organization, September 6, 1887 to 1939. St. Paul: WCTU, 1939.
  • Upham, Warren and Rose Barteau Dunlap. "Minnesota Biographies, 1615-1912," in Collections of the Minnesota Historical Society (June 1912) 14: 334.
  • Volstead, Andrew J. "The National Prohibition Act." Speech of A.J. Volstead of Minnesota in the House of Representatives, March 23, 1920. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1920.

Further reading[edit]

  • Kerr, Kathleen. "How Did the Reform Agenda of the Minnesota Woman's Christian Temperance Union Change, 1878–1917?" Binghamton: State University of New York, May 1998.
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