Harriet Richardson

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Harriet Richardson
Harriet Richardson.jpg
Born(1874-05-08)May 8, 1874
DiedMarch 28, 1958(1958-03-28) (aged 83)
Resting placeArlington National Cemetery
38°52′25″N 77°04′30″W / 38.873576°N 77.074872°W / 38.873576; -77.074872Coordinates: 38°52′25″N 77°04′30″W / 38.873576°N 77.074872°W / 38.873576; -77.074872
ResidenceWashington, D.C.
Other namesHarriet Richardson Searle
Alma mater
Known forisopod systematics
Spouse(s)William Daniel Searle
ChildrenWilliam Richardson Searle
Scientific career
FieldsInvertebrate Zoology
InstitutionsNational Museum of Natural History
ThesisContributions to the Natural History of the Isopoda (1904)
Academic advisorsTheodore Nicholas Gill

Harriet Richardson Searle (9 May 1874 – 28 March 1958) was an American carcinologist. She was known as the first lady of isopods and was one of the first female carcinologists, with only Mary Jane Rathbun before her.[1]

Biography[edit]

Richardson was born on 9 May 1874 in Washington DC to Charles and Charlotte Ann Richardson.[2] She attended the Friends School and Mount Vernon Seminary in Washington before attending Vassar College - where she became interested in biology - from which she graduated in 1896 with a BA, and again with a master's degree in zoology in 1901.[2][3]

In 1901 Richardson was appointed 'Collaborator in the Division of Marine Invertebrates' at the National Museum of Natural History. She earned her PhD in the same field from Columbian University (now George Washington University) in 1903.[2] Richardson began working with the Smithsonian in 1896. She worked at the museum unpaid by the Smithsonian for about twenty years.[4] During this time she produced more output than many that were paid for a lifetime of research.[2]

Richardson married William Searle, a lawyer, on December 10th, 1913 with whom she had one child, named William, on September 5th, 1914.[2] Her son had a mental or physical handicap, resulting in a large amount of her time being spent looking after him.[2] Richardson died at Hahnemann University Hospital on 28 March 1958.[5] Her husband died shortly after, on 15 October, 1958. In 1972 William Richardson Searle, her son, was buried with them at Arlington National Cemetery.[6]

Outside of her work on isopods, Richardson was the President of the Vassar College Club of Washington, D.C. from 1911-1912 and she was a charter member of the Captain Molly Pitcher Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution, going on to be a Historian, Treasurer, Vice-Regent, and then Regent from 1914-1915. She was a member of the Biological Society of Washington, the Washington Academy of Sciences, and the Washington Society of Fine Arts.[2]

Research[edit]

Richardson focused on research on isopod (and tanaid) systematics, and began publishing papers on isopoda in 1897; her first study was on the Socorro Isopod and she went on to publish a total of 80 papers.[2] Her best known work was A Monograph on the Isopods of North America, published in the Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum in 1905. This work covered all terrestrial, freshwater, and marine isopods in North America with keys, references, and descriptions. This work was reprinted in 1972, meaning it has had a lasting impact on the field.[2] She wrote reports in foreign publications, including materials from the National Museum of Natural History, Paris and the Rothschild collections from East Africa. Richardson wrote some of her papers in French.

Over the course of her career Richardson described over 70 new genera and nearly 300 new species of isopods and tanaids, many of which she named after colleagues or those who gifted collections to her.[2] In turn the isopod species Caecidotea richardsonae and harpacticoida copepod genus Harrietella, among many others, are named after her. [2]

After the birth of her son Richardson had to spend a large amount of time caring for him and thus spent less time on her research,[2] publishing papers only occasionally, with her last in 1922.[1] Before 27 December 1952, just 6 years before her death, the museum changed her title to "Research Associate" instead of Collaborator.[2]

Honors[edit]

Richardson has the isopod genus Harrieta Kensley, 1987 and the harpacticoid gunus Harrietella T. Scott, 1906 named for her, as well as many species of marine isopods.

List of species named after Harriet Richardson:[4]

Select Publications[edit]

  • H Richardson. 1905. A monograph on the isopods of North America.- Bulletin of the U.S. National Museum 54: i-liii, 1-727. [December.] [Reprinted (1972) Antiquariaat Junk, Lochem, Netherlands.]
  • H Richardson. 1904. Contributions to the natural history of the Isopoda.-Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 27(1350): 1-89. [19 January.]
  • H Richardson. 1910. Marine isopods collected in the Philippines by the U.S. Fisheries Steamer “Albatross” in 1907–08.— Bureau of Fisheries Document 736: 1–44.
  • H Richardson. 1901. Key to the isopods of the Atlantic coast of North America with descriptions of new and little known species.-Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 23(1222): 493-579. [28 February.]
  • H Richardson. 1909. Isopods collected in the northwest Pacific by the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries Steamer “Albatross” in 1906.—Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 37(1701): 75–129. [22 October.]
  • H Richardson. 1902. The marine and terrestrial isopods of the Bermudas, with descriptions of new genera and species.—Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Sciences 11(1): 277–310, pls. 37–40.
  • H Richardson. 1899. Key to the isopods of the Pacific coast of North America, with descriptions of twenty-two new species.—Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 21(1175): 815–869. [5 June.] [Reprinted (1899) in Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7) 4(21): 157–187, (22): 260–277, (23): 321–338.]
  • H Richardson. 1900. Synopses of North-American invertebrates. VIII. The Isopoda. Part I.-American Naturalist 34(399): 207-230. [March.]
  • H Richardson. 1908. Some new Isopoda of the superfamily Aselloidea from the Atlantic coast of North America.— Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 35(1633): 71–86. [30 October.]
  • H Richardson. 1912. Descriptions of a new genus of isopod crustaceans, and of two new species from South America.— Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 43(1929): 201–204. [27 September.]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "SI NMNH IZ Department History". invertebrates.si.edu. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m David M. Damkaer (2000). "Harriet Richardson (1874-1958), First Lady of Isopods". Journal of Crustacean Biology. 20 (4): 803–811. doi:10.1163/20021975-99990102. JSTOR 1549222.
  3. ^ "Fair Women Seeking Secrets of Plant and Animal Phenomena". The Washington Post. 22 October 1905. Retrieved 5 August 2014 – via Newspapers.com. open access publication – free to read
  4. ^ a b "petymol.qr.html". www.tmbl.gu.se. Retrieved 2018-07-17.
  5. ^ The Washington Post. 30 March 1958. p. A18. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  6. ^ "William R Searle (1914-1972) - Find A Grave..." www.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2018-07-17.