Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park

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Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park
Stewart's Canal - Harriet Tubman Underground RR NM.JPG
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park
LocationDorchester County, Maryland, United States
Nearest cityChurch Creek, Maryland
Coordinates38°26′54″N 76°08′19″W / 38.4483°N 76.1387°W / 38.4483; -76.1387[1]Coordinates: 38°26′54″N 76°08′19″W / 38.4483°N 76.1387°W / 38.4483; -76.1387[1]
Area480 acres (190 ha)
Established2013
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteHarriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
Harriet Tubman, c. 1885

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park is a 480-acre (190 ha) National Park Service unit in the U.S. state of Maryland. It commemorates the life of former slave Harriet Tubman, who became an activist in the Underground Railroad prior to the American Civil War. The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument was created by President Barack Obama under the Antiquities Act on March 25, 2013. The portion of the monument administered by the National Park Service was later designated a National Historical Park in 2014, and the remainder is managed by the Fish and Wildlife Service as part of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.

Description[edit]

The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park includes sites near Cambridge, Maryland, Windy Hill and Preston, in Dorchester County, Talbot, and Caroline counties, that were significant in Tubman's life. The Park currently includes 480 acres of land known as the Jacob Jackson Home site. The NHP was established by the Carl Levin and Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act FY2015 (Public Law 113-291, December 19, 2014). The legislation authorized the acquisition of an additional 4,207.54 acres in Dorchester, Caroline, and Talbot counties. The Jackson site was donated to the federal government by The Conservation Fund for establishment of the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument which later became known as the National Historical Park in accordance with PL 113-291. PL 113-291 also established the Harriet Tubman National Historical Park in Auburn, New York.[2]

History[edit]

Prior to establishment of the National Historical Parks in Maryland and New York, the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument was created in Dorchester County, Maryland by President Barack Obama under the Antiquities Act on March 25, 2013.[3][2] Public Law 113-291 (Section 3035) was subsequently passed and signed into law on December 19, 2014,and required the Secretary of the Interior to "administer the historical park and the portion of the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument administered by the National Park Service (in Maryland) as a single unit of the National Park System, which shall be known as the Harriet Tubman Underground National Historical Park."[4][5] The historical park in New York was established on January 10, 2017, and is a sister park to this one in Maryland.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway".
  2. ^ a b "Presidential Proclamation -- Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument". The White House. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  3. ^ "National Monument". Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Archived from the original on 6 April 2013. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
  4. ^ Ken Sturtz - "President Obama signs measure creating Harriet Tubman national parks in Central New York, Maryland", syracuse.com/news, December 19, 2014.[1] Accessed 2015-07-30
  5. ^ Mascaro, Lisa (December 4, 2014) "Federal land deals full of thorny trade-offs" Los Angeles Times

External links[edit]