Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument

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Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
IUCN category V (protected landscape/seascape)
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
Map showing the location of Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
Location Dorchester County, Maryland, United States
Nearest city Church Creek, Maryland
Coordinates 38°26′54″N 76°08′19″W / 38.4483°N 76.1387°W / 38.4483; -76.1387[1]Coordinates: 38°26′54″N 76°08′19″W / 38.4483°N 76.1387°W / 38.4483; -76.1387[1]
Area 11,750 acres (4,760 ha)
Established 2013
Governing body National Park Service
Website Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument
Harriet Tubman, c. 1885

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument is an 11,750-acre (4,760 ha) National Park Service unit in the U.S. state of Maryland. It commemorates the life of former slave Harriet Tubman, who became an activist in the Underground Railroad prior to the American Civil War. The monument was created by President Barack Obama under the Antiquities Act on March 25, 2013.[2][3]

Description[edit]

The national monument includes sites near Cambridge, Maryland, in Dorchester County, that were significant in Tubman's life. A large proportion of the designated area is included within Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge and will be managed cooperatively between the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Park Service. 17 acres (6.9 ha) of this area are presently being developed by the state of Maryland as Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park, with a jointly-operated visitor center shared by the Maryland Park Service and the National Park Service. The Park Service will also manage the Jacob Jackson Home site, a 480-acre (190 ha) farm that acted as a station on the Underground Railroad. The Jackson site was donated to the federal government for incorporation into the monument.[3]

Legislation was passed and signed into law on December 19, 2014, to create the Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Historical Park, which encompasses the national monument and other properties in Dorchester, Talbot, and Caroline Counties in Maryland, and authorizes creation of the Harriet Tubman National Historical Park at several Tubman-related places in Auburn, New York.[4][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway". 
  2. ^ "National Monument". Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad State Park. Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Presidential Proclamation -- Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument". The White House. Retrieved 27 March 2013. 
  4. ^ Ken Sturtz - "President Obama signs measure creating Harriet Tubman national parks in Central New York, Maryland", syracuse.com/news, December 19, 2014.[1] Accessed 2015-07-30
  5. ^ Mascaro, Lisa (December 4, 2014) "Federal land deals full of thorny trade-offs" Los Angeles Times

External links[edit]