Harris, Saskatchewan

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Harris
Village of Harris
Village of Harris.jpg
Harris, Saskatchewan is located in Saskatchewan
Harris, Saskatchewan
Location of Harris in Saskatchewan
Harris, Saskatchewan is located in Canada
Harris, Saskatchewan
Harris, Saskatchewan (Canada)
Coordinates: 51°43′59″N 107°34′44″W / 51.733°N 107.579°W / 51.733; -107.579
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
RegionCentral
Census division12
Rural MunicipalityHarris No. 316
Post office Founded1906 (at an outlying location)
1909 (at the village's current site)
Incorporated (Village)August 10, 1909
Government
 • TypeMunicipal
 • Governing bodyHarris Village Council
 • MayorRon Genest
 • AdministratorRhonda Leonard
Area
 • Total0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
 • Total193
 • Density259.5/km2 (672/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
Postal code
S0L 1K0
Area code(s)306
Highways Hwy 7
Hwy 768
RailwaysCanadian National Railway
WebsiteVillage of Harris
[1][2][3][4]

Harris is a village within the Rural Municipality of Harris No. 316, in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada. It was the site of the Great Ruby Hoax in 1914. The village had a population of 193 according to the 2016 Canada Census, (a -9.4% decrease from 213 in the 2011 Canada Census). Harris was named for Richard Elford Harris, an early settler to the area.


Demographics[edit]

Canada census – Harris, Saskatchewan community profile
2016 2011 2006
Population: 193 (-9.4% from 2011) 213 (+13.9% from 2006) 187 (-19.4% from 2001)
Land area: 0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi) 0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi) 0.72 km2 (0.28 sq mi)
Population density: 267.8/km2 (694/sq mi) 295.5/km2 (765/sq mi) 259.5/km2 (672/sq mi)
Median age: 52.4 (M: 51.5, F: 54.5) 55.0 (M: 55.2, F: 54.8) 53.3 (M: 52.5, F: 52.5)
Total private dwellings: 120 116 114
Median household income: $N/A
References: 2016[5] 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]

History[edit]

"Harris' Great Ruby Rush Hoax" Rock

Prior to the arrival of European settlers, First Nations people, most likely Plains Cree, inhabited the land around Harris.  Evidence of this occupation is still evident in the Bear Hills north of Harris where a turtle effigy, vision quest sites, a cluster of nine stone rings and rock cairns dot the landscape.[9]

The modern history of Harris begins in the early 20th century. The town of Harris was named after Richard Elford Harris, an Ontario born carriage maker and carpenter, who decided to move west with his two sons and a daughter in 1904. The Harris family travelled from Saskatoon on the Old Bone Trail before striking out for land on what was later known as Crystal Beach. The Harris sod house became known as the “Harris Stopping Place” for settlers moving into the area and served as a rest place for the travellers to rest themselves and their animals as well as get a hot meal before the Harris men escorted them to their homesteads.  The flood of people lead to the establishment of a store, a Methodist church and a post office with Mr. Harris serving as the first postmaster. .[10]

As the Goose Lake Rail Line, the name given the Canadian Northern Railway line connecting Calgary with Saskatoon, approached the community, it was soon realized that the surveyors had made plans to lay the line two miles away.  The townsfolk quickly purchased land along the new rail line from a local homesteader and moved the entire community to its current location on mile 52 of the Goose Lake Line. The move necessitated a new name for the community. Several names were considered but when permission was granted to Richard Harris to move his post office to the new site, the Harris name went with it and so was born; Harris, Saskatchewan. In the fall of 1908, the first train rolled through the community and on  August 10, 1909 the village of Harris was officially incorporated.[11]

As the 20th century rolled on, the community witnessed many changes. Many businesses opened and closed over the years, leaving behind many important examples of early 20th century architecture in the community (see "Historic Buildings" below.) In 1916 the first telephone company was established in town and on its heels, cement sidewalks were poured in the 1920s and a decade later, in 1930, power came to Harris. In 1955 Sask Power established a natural gas utility with a gravity sewer system following in 1960.  The 1970s saw the village undertake a large street paving effort that was completed by 1980 and in 1976 the municipal water treatment plant and distribution system was established. Today, the village of Harris boasts nearly 200 residents and many thriving businesses.[11]

Historic buildings[edit]

There are several buildings designated as Municipal Heritage Properties in Harris, these include:

  • St. Brigitte Roman Catholic Church is a one-storey, wood-frame church with steeple, completed in 1909.[12]
  • Rural Municipality of Harris #316 Office is the oldest remaining office building in the Village of Harris[13]
  • Harris United Church is a one-storey, wood-frame church with corner bell tower, which was completed in 1924.[14]
  • Royal Bank of Canada is a one-storey, red-brick bank building that was constructed in 1922.[15]
  • Old Harris Canadian National Railway Water Tower is an octagonal-shaped wooden water tower that was constructed in 1934.[16]

The Great Ruby Rush[edit]

This is the incredible tale of one of the more bizarre episodes in Saskatchewan history; The Great Ruby Rush.  The story goes something like this:   One hot, dry day in the summer of 1914, while working on a road gang in the Bear Hills about 20 miles northwest of Harris, Alex McCarthy, an American miner, new to town, spotted some red nuggets in a big black rock.  He suspected that they might be rubies. Sensing opportunity, he stashed the stones in a cigar box and headed for the Commercial Hotel in Harris. Over a glass of beer, McCarthy showed the rubies to the Gordon Brothers, proprietors of the hotel, who were known to have some mining experience.

Garnet, the cause of the Great Ruby Rush

The Gordons quickly made their way to Saskatoon to stake their claim.  While there, word somehow got out about the ruby discovery.  Headlines in the Saskatoon Star newspaper proclaimed a ruby and gold discovery near Harris. Word spread fast and within days, thousands of prospectors arrived in Harris seeking their fortune. The Ruby Rush was on! The Gordon brothers took full advantage of the Ruby Rush. “Rubies” from the site of the discovery – a large black stone from the Bear Hills – were put on display at the hotel. The entrepreneurial Gordons supplied the miners with everything they could possibly need; lumber, food, alcohol and even prostitutes in a saloon, a restaurant and other entertainment in three large tents that they established on the site.  Drunkenness was rampant, to the point that one man was found dead from alcohol poisoning. Less than two weeks later, word came from Saskatoon that the rubies were not really rubies at all but worthless garnets and just as soon as it had started, the Ruby Rush was dead.[17]

Rumours persisted for years that the entire was a hoax created by the Gordon Brothers, as a money making scheme.  For years afterwards, the Ruby Rush was a taboo subject in town, due in no small part to the main players and their families still lived in town.  Today, the town is not so shy about its connection to the Great Ruby rush, in fact, they have embraced the story.  The original “ruby” bearing rock is displayed prominently in town outside of the museum.  For years, every July, the town celebrated the annual Ruby Rush Days. The hotel in town is named The Harris Hotel Ruby Rock Pub & Grill.


The plaque, erected by the Saskatchewan History & Folklore Society and mounted on the large rock next to the Harris Museum reads in part:

Headline. Saskatoon Star Phoenix: July 1914 "Quartz Discovered 20 Miles N.W. of Harris" Suddenly the ruby rush was on! Lasting 10–12 days, at its height 3000 people were involved at the site, staking out claims and digging up stones. Tents housed saloons, restaurants (one egg at 1 dollar), and this rock, guarded by armed guards, containing the so-called rubies. The ruby rush was soon discovered to be a hoax as the rubies were garnets of little value. This ruby rock was moved from its original site in 1990.[18]

Notable people[edit]

Harris is the birthplace of National Hockey League left-winger, Quintin Laing.

Points of interest[edit]

The community is home to many interesting points of interest, including;

The Harris Museum and associated artifacts:

Other places:

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Harris
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10
(50)
13.3
(55.9)
21
(70)
33.9
(93.0)
37.2
(99.0)
41.5
(106.7)
40.6
(105.1)
38
(100)
37
(99)
31.1
(88.0)
22
(72)
16.1
(61.0)
41.5
(106.7)
Average high °C (°F) −10.6
(12.9)
−6.2
(20.8)
1
(34)
11.7
(53.1)
19
(66)
23.2
(73.8)
25.4
(77.7)
25
(77)
19
(66)
11.6
(52.9)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
9.3
(48.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −15.9
(3.4)
−11.7
(10.9)
−4.8
(23.4)
4.8
(40.6)
11.6
(52.9)
16.1
(61.0)
18.3
(64.9)
17.4
(63.3)
11.7
(53.1)
4.8
(40.6)
−5.9
(21.4)
−13.4
(7.9)
2.7
(36.9)
Average low °C (°F) −21.3
(−6.3)
−17.2
(1.0)
−10.5
(13.1)
−2.2
(28.0)
4.1
(39.4)
9
(48)
11
(52)
9.8
(49.6)
4.3
(39.7)
−2.1
(28.2)
−11.2
(11.8)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−3.8
(25.2)
Record low °C (°F) −45.6
(−50.1)
−43.9
(−47.0)
−37.2
(−35.0)
−27.2
(−17.0)
−17.2
(1.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34.0)
−3.3
(26.1)
−13.9
(7.0)
−25
(−13)
−34
(−29)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−45.6
(−50.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 22.3
(0.88)
11.9
(0.47)
19.3
(0.76)
28.6
(1.13)
48.1
(1.89)
70
(2.8)
64.3
(2.53)
43.4
(1.71)
31.3
(1.23)
18.3
(0.72)
19.4
(0.76)
23.3
(0.92)
400.1
(15.75)
Source: Environment Canada[19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net, Post Offices and Postmasters
  2. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home, Municipal Directory System, archived from the original (– Scholar search) on November 21, 2008
  3. ^ Canadian Textiles Institute. (2005), CTI Determine your provincial constituency, archived from the original on 2007-09-11
  4. ^ Commissioner of Canada Elections, Chief Electoral Officer of Canada (2005), Elections Canada On-line, archived from the original on 2007-04-21
  5. ^ "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 21, 2017. Retrieved 2017-06-23.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2017-06-23.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-03-10.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012.
  9. ^ Bryan, Liz (2015). Stone by Stone: Exploring Ancient Sites on the Canadian Plains, Expanded Edition. Toronto, Canada: Heritage House Publishing. pp. 177–178. ISBN 1894384903.
  10. ^ McLennan, David (2008), Our Town: Saskatchewan Communities from Abbey to Zenon Park, Regina, Saskatchewan: Canadian Plains Research Center, University of Regina, p. 161, ISBN 978-0-88977-209-0, archived from the original on 2010-04-10
  11. ^ a b "History | Village of Harris". Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  12. ^ "St. Brigitte Roman Catholic Church" (PDF), Saskatchewan Register of Heritage Property, Government of Saskatchewan, archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-29, retrieved 2011-03-20
  13. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  14. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  15. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  16. ^ "HistoricPlaces.ca - HistoricPlaces.ca". www.historicplaces.ca. Retrieved 2019-04-07.
  17. ^ Champ, Joan (2011-04-05). "Railway & Main: Small-Town Saskatchewan Hotels: Harris Hotels: Ruby Rush and More". Railway & Main. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  18. ^ "Harris' Great Ruby Rush Hoax - Saskatchewan Historical Markers on Waymarking.com". www.waymarking.com. Retrieved 2019-04-09.
  19. ^ Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, accessed 27 July 2010

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°43′59″N 107°34′44″W / 51.733°N 107.579°W / 51.733; -107.579