Harrison Township, New Jersey

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Harrison Township, New Jersey
Township of Harrison
Friends Meetinghouse, Mullica Hill
Friends Meetinghouse, Mullica Hill
Harrison Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Harrison Township highlighted in Gloucester County. Inset map: Gloucester County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Harrison Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harrison Township, New Jersey
Harrison Township is located in Gloucester County, New Jersey
Harrison Township
Harrison Township
Location in Gloucester County
Harrison Township is located in New Jersey
Harrison Township
Harrison Township
Location in New Jersey
Harrison Township is located in the United States
Harrison Township
Harrison Township
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 39°43′34″N 75°12′18″W / 39.72601°N 75.20505°W / 39.72601; -75.20505Coordinates: 39°43′34″N 75°12′18″W / 39.72601°N 75.20505°W / 39.72601; -75.20505[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Gloucester
IncorporatedMarch 13, 1844 as Spicer Township
RenamedApril 1, 1845 as Harrison Township
Named forWilliam Henry Harrison
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorLouis Manzo (I, term ends December 31, 2020)[3][4]
 • AdministratorMark L. Gravinese[5]
 • Municipal clerkDiane Malloy[6]
Area
 • Total19.228 sq mi (49.798 km2)
 • Land19.141 sq mi (49.574 km2)
 • Water0.087 sq mi (0.224 km2)  0.45%
Area rank146th of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation46 ft (14 m)
Population
 • Total12,417
 • Estimate 
(2019)[12]
13,116
 • Rank195th of 566 in state
8th of 24 in county[13]
 • Density648.7/sq mi (250.5/km2)
 • Density rank420th of 566 in state
18th of 24 in county[13]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Code
Area code(s)856[16]
FIPS code3401530180[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID0882146[1][19]
Websitewww.harrisontwp.us

Harrison Township is a township in Gloucester County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 12,417,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 3,629 (+41.3%) from the 8,788 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 4,073 (+86.4%) from the 4,715 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

Harrison Township was originally formed as Spicer Township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 13, 1844, from portions of Greenwich Township and Woolwich Township. That name lasted for less than a year, with Harrison Township adopted as of April 1, 1845.[21] The township was named for President William Henry Harrison.[22][23]

Since the institution of Prohibition, Harrison had been a dry township, where alcohol could not be sold.[24][25] The township's voters passed a referendum in 2009 permitting alcohol by consumption (in a restaurant). A second referendum was passed by the voters in 2015 allowing package goods sales (liquor stores). The first liquor store opened in November 2018 and the first bar opened in July 2019.[26]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 19.228 square miles (49.798 km2), including 19.141 square miles (49.574 km2) of land and 0.087 square miles (0.224 km2) of water (0.45%).[1][2]

Mullica Hill is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located within Harrison Township that had a 2010 Census population of 3,982.[27] Richwood is a CDP that is in portions of both Harrison Township and Mantua Township, which had a 2010 population of 3,459, of which 3,400 were in Harrison Township and 59 in Mantua Township.[28][29]

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Ewan, Ewans Mills, Heritage, Jefferson and Sherwin.[30]

The township borders the Gloucester County municipalities of East Greenwich Township, Elk Township, Glassboro, Mantua Township and South Harrison Township and Woolwich Township.[31][32][33]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18501,984
18602,54428.2%
18703,03819.4%
18802,841−6.5%
18901,545−45.6%
19001,5691.6%
19101,6827.2%
19201,633−2.9%
19301,82711.9%
19401,805−1.2%
19502,22523.3%
19602,4108.3%
19702,66110.4%
19803,58534.7%
19904,71531.5%
20008,78886.4%
201012,41741.3%
Est. 201913,116[12][34][35]5.6%
Population sources: 1850-2000[36]
1850-1920[37] 1850-1870[38]
1850[39] 1870[40] 1880-1890[41]
1890-1910[42] 1910-1930[43]
1930-1990[44] 2000[45][46] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 12,417 people, 3,942 households, and 3,315.222 families in the township. The population density was 648.7 per square mile (250.5/km2). There were 4,089 housing units at an average density of 213.6 per square mile (82.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 90.57% (11,246) White, 3.83% (475) Black or African American, 0.09% (11) Native American, 3.38% (420) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.48% (59) from other races, and 1.66% (206) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.01% (374) of the population.[9]

The 3,942 households accounted 49.9% with children under the age of 18 living with them; 72.7% were married couples living together; 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 15.9% were non-families. Of all households, 13.3% were made up of individuals, and 5.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.15 and the average family size was 3.47.[9]

In the township, the population age was spread out with 31.8% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 22.8% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 8.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.1 years. For every 100 females, the population had 95.9 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 94.2 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $102,162 (with a margin of error of +/- $10,851) and the median family income was $121,366 (+/- $9,400). Males had a median income of $88,157 (+/- $6,618) versus $47,857 (+/- $10,273) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $36,354 (+/- $2,640). About 5.0% of families and 5.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.4% of those under age 18 and 2.8% of those age 65 or over.[47]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 8,788 people, 2,848 households, and 2,323 families residing in the township. The population density was 459.3 people per square mile (177.4/km²). There were 2,939 housing units at an average density of 153.6 per square mile (59.3/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 95.16% White, 2.96% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.73% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.78% of the population.[45][46]

There were 2,848 households out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.8% were married couples living together, 7.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 18.4% were non-families. 15.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.44.[45][46]

In the township the population was spread out with 33.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 33.7% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 6.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.5 males.[45][46]

The median income for a household in the township was $77,143, and the median income for a family was $84,379. Males had a median income of $61,770 versus $39,583 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,645. About 2.1% of families and 3.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.[45][46]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Harrison Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 of 565 municipalities statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[48] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[7][49] At an annual reorganization meeting held each January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor, each serving a one-year term.[31]

As of 2020, the members of the Harrison Township Committee are Mayor Louis Manzo (I, term on committee ends December 31, 2021; term as mayor ends 2019), Deputy Mayor Don Heim (I, term on committee ends 2021; term as deputy mayor ends 2020), Julie DeLaurentis (I, 2020), John Williams (R, 2022) and Adam Wingate (R, 2022).[3][50][51][52][53][54]

In December 2018, Vincent Gangemi vacated his seat expiring in December 2019 and was replaced by John Williams.[55][56]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Harrison Township is located in the 2nd Congressional District[57] and is part of New Jersey's 5th state legislative district.[10][58][59] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Harrison Township had been in the 3rd state legislative district.[60]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Jeff Van Drew (R, Dennis Township).[61] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[62] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[63][64]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 5th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nilsa Cruz-Perez (D, Barrington) and in the General Assembly by Patricia Egan Jones (D, Barrington) and William Spearman (D, Camden).[65][66] Spearman took office in June 2018 followingh the resignation of Arthur Barclay.[67]

Gloucester County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis in partisan elections, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At a reorganization meeting held each January, the Board selects a Freeholder Director and a Deputy Freeholder Director from among its members. As of 2020, Gloucester County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Robert M. Damminger (D, West Deptford Township; 2021),[68] Deputy Freeholder Director Frank J. DiMarco (D, Deptford Township; 2022),[69] Lyman J. Barnes (D, Logan Township; 2020),[70] Daniel Christy (D, Washington Township; 2022),[71] Jim Jefferson (D, Woodbury; 2020),[72] Jim Lavender (D, Woolwich Township; 2021),[73] and Heather Simmons (D, Glassboro; 2020).[74][75]

Constitutional officers elected countywide are: County Clerk James N. Hogan (D, Franklinville in Franklin Township; 5-year term ends 2022),[76][77][78] Sheriff Carmel Morina (D, Greenwich Township; 3-year term ends 2021)[79][80][81] and Surrogate Giuseppe "Joe" Chila (D, Woolwich Township; 5-year term ends 2022).[82][83][84][78][85][81]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 7,889 registered voters in Harrison Township, of which 1,903 (24.1%) were registered as Democrats, 2,533 (32.1%) were registered as Republicans and 3,447 (43.7%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 6 voters registered to other parties.[86]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 56.9% of the vote (3,561 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 41.8% (2,612 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (81 votes), among the 6,292 ballots cast by the township's 8,439 registered voters (38 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 74.6%.[87][88] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 52.3% of the vote (3,280 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 45.7% (2,867 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (68 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 7,975 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7%.[89] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 58.0% of the vote (3,039 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 40.7% (2,132 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (42 votes), among the 5,236 ballots cast by the township's 6,540 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 80.1.[90]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 73.8% of the vote (2,515 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 24.6% (839 votes), and other candidates with 1.5% (52 votes), among the 3,454 ballots cast by the township's 8,407 registered voters (48 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 41.1%.[91][92] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 59.5% of the vote (2,214 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 31.7% (1,178 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 7.1% (265 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (23 votes), among the 3,718 ballots cast by the township's 7,900 registered voters, yielding a 47.1% turnout.[93]

Education[edit]

The Harrison Township School District serves students in public school for pre-kindergarten through sixth grade. As of the 2017–18 school year, the district and its two schools had an enrollment of 1,408 students and 114.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.4:1.[94] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[95]) are Harrison Township Elementary School[96] (772 students in grades PreK-3) and Pleasant Valley School[97] (634 students in grades 4-6).[98][99][100]

Public school students in seventh through twelfth grades attend the schools of the Clearview Regional High School District, which serves students from Harrison Township and Mantua Township.[101][102] Schools in the district (with 2017-18 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[103]) are Clearview Regional Middle School[104] with 828 students (grades 7 and 8) and Clearview Regional High School[105] with 1,494 students (grades 9-12).[106]

Students from across the county are eligible to apply to attend Gloucester County Institute of Technology, a four-year high school in Deptford Township that provides technical and vocational education. As a public school, students do not pay tuition to attend the school.[107]

Friends School Mullica Hill is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational day school located in the Mullica Hill section of Harrison Township that was established in 1969 and now serves students pre-kindergarten through eighth grade.[108]

Transportation[edit]

The northbound New Jersey Turnpike in Harrison Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 93.60 miles (150.63 km) of roadways, of which 56.92 miles (91.60 km) were maintained by the municipality, 29.64 miles (47.70 km) by Gloucester County, 6.94 miles (11.17 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation and 0.10 miles (0.16 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[109]

The New Jersey Turnpike runs through the township for a tenth of a mile, but the nearest interchange is just over the border in neighboring Woolwich Township. U.S. Route 322 passes through the center of town.[110] State routes include Route 45,[111] Route 55[112] and Route 77.[113] The major county road that goes through is CR 581.

Public transportation[edit]

NJ Transit bus service is available between Bridgeton and Philadelphia on the 410 route.[114][115]

Wineries[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Harrison Township include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Committee, Harrison Township. Accessed May 4, 2020. "Harrison Township operates under the ‘Township’ form of municipal government and is comprised of five members elected at-large through partisan elections. Members of township committee serve staggered three-year terms and reorganize annually during which the mayor is elected amongst members of township committee."
  4. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020. As of date accessed, Manzo is listed with a term-end year of 2021, which is the end of his three-year council term, not his one-year term as mayor.
  5. ^ Township Administrator, Harrison Township. Accessed May 4, 2020.
  6. ^ Municipal Clerk's Office, Harrison Township. Accessed May 4, 2020.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 19.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Harrison, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Mullica Hill, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 26, 2012.
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  26. ^ Batal, Caytlinn, "Developments to drink: Restaurants and liquor store to be first in Mullica Hill since prohibition", The Mullica Hill Sun, August 11, 2017. "Although many residents may say Mullica Hill is a dry town, Mayor Louis Manzo said, the area has not been dry since 2009 when a referendum was passed approving strictly the consumption of liquor, such as restaurants, exclusively in the Richwood Town Center redevelopment area, located near the intersection of Route 322 and Route 55.... The project was on hold until around 2013, Manzo said, and it was then the township auctioned off the first four licenses to the Richwood Town Center developer Madison Marquette, for $500,000 each. Within two years, a separate stand-alone ballot was passed in 2015 allowing two distribution liquor licenses based on Harrison Township’s population."
  27. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Mullica Hill CDP, New Jersey Archived 2020-02-12 at Archive.today, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 26, 2012.
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  55. ^ Nurse, Krystal. "Committee members bid farewell to a now-former member, discussed latest occurrences in the state", The Mullica Hill Sun, December 4, 2018. Accessed July 16, 2019. "At their Dec. 3 meeting, Harrison Township committee members and those from the public were notified Vincent Gangemi, Sr., relinquished his position as committeeman, effective immediately, due to his health."
  56. ^ Nurse, Krystal. "Mayor’s Message: Welcome to 2019", The Mullica Hill Times, January 3, 2019. Accessed July 16, 2019. "We also enter the year with a new, but familiar, face on committee. John Williams was recently appointed to serve out this last year of Vince Gangemi, Sr.’s term, after Vince stepped off committee in early December."
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  70. ^ Lyman Barnes, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  71. ^ Daniel Christy, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  72. ^ Jim Jefferson, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  73. ^ Jim Lavender, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
  74. ^ Heather Simmons, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed February 11, 2020.
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  99. ^ About Us, Harrison Township School District. Accessed October 30, 2017. "The district has two school buildings. Harrison Township Elementary School (grades K through 3, and a pre-school handicapped program) houses over 800 students. Pleasant Valley Elementary School (grades 4 through 6), houses nearly 700 students.... Upon completion of sixth grade at Pleasant Valley School, township students are promoted to Clearview Regional Middle School (click to connect to their website), where they join students from the Mantua Township School District to begin the seventh grade."
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  102. ^ About Us, Clearview Regional High School District. Accessed June 8, 2016. "The Clearview Regional High School District is comprised of two schools: Middle School (grades 7-8) and High School (grades 9-12). We serve both the Harrison and Mantua municipalities."
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  110. ^ U.S. Route 322 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated May 2017. Accessed November 8, 2019.
  111. ^ Route 45 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated March 2017. Accessed November 8, 2019.
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  113. ^ Route 77 Straight Line Diagram, New Jersey Department of Transportation, updated March 2017. Accessed November 8, 2019.
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  116. ^ Jay Accorsi, Rowan University. Accessed March 29, 2016. "Accorsi resides in Mullica Hill, NJ with his wife Nancy and daughters, Gabrielle and Rachel and son, Jack."
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  118. ^ Staff. "Wilbur Evans Is Dead; A Singer on Broadway", The New York Times, June 3, 1987. Accessed March 29, 2016. "Wilbur Evans, a singer and actor who starred opposite Mary Martin in the London production of South Pacific, died Sunday at his home in Mullica Hill, N.J."
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  120. ^ Historical Sites, Gloucester County, New Jersey. Accessed March 29, 2016. "The General French House 136 South Broad Street, Woodbury Built ca. 1766, this house gained fame during the Civil War because it was owned by a General in the Confederate Army. General Samuel Gibbs French, though born in Mullica Hill, chose to fight on the side of the Confederacy."
  121. ^ John Wright Hazelton, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 16, 2007.
  122. ^ Phillies Broadcasters, Philadelphia Phillies. Accessed August 8, 2019. "Gregg lives in Mullica Hill, N.J., and has three children: one daughter, Quinn, and two sons, Matthew and Colin."
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  124. ^ Williams, Victoria. "Under Control", Gloucester County Times, January 15, 2009. Accessed March 29, 2016. "Big Al, wife Carol, and their daughters, Karolena, 18, and Olivia, 11, reside in Mullica Hill."
  125. ^ Lawrie Tatum Collection, Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum. Accessed November 11, 2016. "Lawrie Tatum was born on May 22, 1822 near Mullica Hill, New Jersey."

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