Harrow & Wealdstone station

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Harrow & Wealdstone London Underground London Overground National Rail
Harrow and Wealdstone station MMB 07.jpg
Harrow & Wealdstone is located in Greater London
Harrow & Wealdstone
Harrow & Wealdstone
Location of Harrow & Wealdstone in Greater London
Location Wealdstone
Local authority London Borough of Harrow
Managed by London Underground[1]
Owner Network Rail
Station code HRW
DfT category C1
Number of platforms 6
Accessible Yes [2]
Fare zone 5
London Underground annual entry and exit
2011 Increase 4.47 million[3]
2012 Decrease 4.45 million[3]
2013 Increase 4.66 million[3]
2014 Decrease 4.51 million[3]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 Increase 1.306 million[4]
2008–09 Decrease 0.995 million[4]
2009–10 Increase 1.463 million[4]
2010–11 Increase 2.469 million[4]
2011–12 Increase 2.689 million[4]
2012–13 Decrease 2.673 million[4]
2013–14 Increase 2.853 million[4]
Key dates
1837 Opened (L&BR)
1890 Opened Stanmore branch (L&NwR)
1917 Started (Bakerloo line)
1952 Train crash
1964 Closed Stanmore branch (BR)
1982 Ended (Bakerloo line)
1984 Restarted as terminus (Bakerloo line)
Listed status
Listed feature East side/bridge
West side/platforms
Listing grade II
Entry number 1253982[5]
Added to list 6 September 1989
13 July 1990
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°35′33″N 0°20′08″W / 51.5925°N 0.3355°W / 51.5925; -0.3355

Harrow & Wealdstone station is in Wealdstone, Greater London. It is served by London Overground, London Midland, Southern and London Underground Bakerloo line services. The station is located between The Bridge, Wealdstone, (which joins the southern end of High Street) and Sandridge Close, Harrow with entrances leading to both. The Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash of 1952, killing 112 people, remains Britain's worst peacetime rail disaster.


Harrow & Wealdstone station in 1916

The station was opened by the London and Birmingham Railway (L&BR) as Harrow on 20 July 1837 in what was then rural Middlesex.[7] At the time the station was built, the area was fields and the nearest large settlement was at Harrow on the Hill about 1.5 miles (2.4 km) to the south. Wealdstone was a collection of houses at the north end of what is now Wealdstone High Street, about 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the station. The station buildings on the south west (Harrow) side of the station are the older part of the station, located beside what were the fast lines until the platforms were used for the later Euston to Watford DC Line and the main line tracks were re-routed through the previous slow line platforms and new platforms (numbers 5 and 6) to the north east; a new, larger, station building was also erected on this Wealdstone side of the station. The station footbridge was originally constructed with a full-height central barrier with passengers using the "London" side and railway and postal staff using the "country" side to move goods and mail via lifts which were removed in the early 1970s, leaving two parcels elevators serving the DC line platforms for the remaining postal traffic.

On 18 December 1890, a short branch line was opened by the London & North Western Railway (LNWR, successor to the L&BR) to Stanmore to the north-east of the main line. In 1930 an intermediate halt was constructed as Belmont to serve the developing residential areas locally. The train was known affectionately as the "Belmont Rattler".

By the end of the 19th century Wealdstone had developed in size and the station was given its current name on 1 May 1897 to reflect more accurately its location.[7]

On 16 April 1917, Bakerloo line services were extended from Willesden Junction to Watford Junction running on the newly electrified local tracks (the "New Lines", which were originally steam-worked) and calling at Harrow & Wealdstone from that date.[8]

On 15 September 1952, the passenger service to Stanmore, by then renamed Stanmore Village to avoid confusion with the Metropolitan Railway's (later Bakerloo, and now Jubilee line) station opened in 1934 were withdrawn. Freight traffic (particularly the storage of bananas) continued sporadically until about 1960.

Oerlikon electric train at Harrow & Wealdstone, 11 March 1956

During the early 1960s, as part of the West Coast Main Line electrification, the bridge carrying the A409 road (The Bridge/Station Approach) over the railway was rebuilt easing the previous severe road gradients and offering higher clearance over the tracks to allow for overhead catenary cabling.

On 6 July 1964, all services on the branch line to Belmont were withdrawn as part of the cuts of the Beeching Axe. The permanent way north of Harrow and Wealdstone station was removed but the disused platform 7 on the eastern side of the station was left in place as a siding for a further few years until it too was removed.

On 24 September 1982, Bakerloo line services to Harrow & Wealdstone ended when services north of Stonebridge Park were ended.[8] However the closure was short-lived, and the Bakerloo line to Harrow & Wealdstone was reinstated on 4 June 1984 with the station acting as the terminus.[8]

In the 1990s major reconstruction of local roads made to by-pass High Street, Wealdstone sent a new road (Ellen Webb Drive) through what remained of the station goods yard and part of the forecourt of the eastern entrance (1917) to the station.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 7 August 1838 Thomas Port was fatally injured when he fell from a train and was run over about 1.25 miles (2.01 km) south of the station.
  • In 1870, a mail train was in a rear-end collision with a freight train. Eight people were killed.[9]
  • On 8 October 1952, the station witnessed Britain's worst train crash in peacetime when 112 people were killed and 340 were injured as a result of a Scottish express train colliding with the rear of a local train standing at platform 4. Seconds later a northbound express hauled by two locomotives collided with the wreckage causing further injury and demolished one span of the footbridge and the northern end of platforms 2 and 3. A memorial plaque was placed above the main entrance on the eastern side of the station to mark the 50th anniversary in 2002.
Disused Stanmore branch
Harrow & Wealdstone London Overground Bakerloo Line
Stanmore Village
Watford DC & Bakerloo lines southwards
West Coast Main Line southwards

The station today[edit]

Harrow and Wealdstone station, with fast platforms in centre, DC electric platforms to the left, and slow platforms to the right.

The station has undergone several improvements in recent years, with the footbridge (which links both entrances and all platforms) improved by removal of the central barrier to allow use of the full width, new lifts for the use of disabled persons, and newly painted and brightly illuminated waiting rooms. In recent years the two-track reversing sidings (used for turning Bakerloo line trains and occasionally for DC line trains) located between the tracks of the DC line at the northern end side of the station have been replaced by a single siding and the curve at the Down end of platform 2 eased using the space vacated by the removed siding; this in practice leaves the siding unavailable for use by LO trains except when Bakerloo trains are not running.[citation needed] Harrow and Wealdstone (with Willesden Junction) is one of the two stations on the DC line which can be used for turning or stabling trains clear of the running lines during reduced or disrupted services although trains can be reversed using crossovers at more stations.

Ticket gatelines have been installed at both entrances in addition to the pre-existing booking offices

Trains on the Fast lines pass this station through platforms 3 and 4, usually without serving this station; access to these platforms is now by staff-operated gates which are opened when necessary. Southern and London Midland stopping services generally use platforms 5 and 6 on the Slow lines but all can use either pair of platforms when needed since the four Main Line platforms were lengthened to take 12-coach trains. Platform 2 on the Up DC line has unusually been maintained at a length of 182m[10] rather than the usual DC line length of around 125m, long enough for an 8-coach train; on rare past occasions in recent years involving total closure of the Fast and Slow lines, main line trains have been diverted over the DC line between Watford Junction and Euston but without stopping at intermediate stations.

Service patterns[edit]

from 13 December 2009

Main Line services[edit]

As of November 2015 the typical Monday-Saturday service is:

Local services (DC line)[edit]

Typical Monday-Saturday frequencies in November 2015


London Buses routes 140, 182, 186, 258, 340, H9 and H10 and night route N18 serve the station.

Access to Station[edit]

The TfL Getting Around map shows this station as having disabled access (platform 1 does not involve the use of a lift when entering/leaving the Harrow entrance).

The Harrow entrance is possibly more convenient for access by private vehicle as the Wealdstone entrance leads to the main road and its slip road is often full of booked taxis.


  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 June 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1253982)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1253986)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 14 November 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Harris, Cyril M. (2006) [1977]. What's in a name?. Capital Transport. p. 33. ISBN 1-85414-241-0. 
  7. ^ a b c Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  8. ^ Hall, Stanley (1990). The Railway Detectives. London: Ian Allan. p. 40. ISBN 0 7110 1929 0. 
  9. ^ Network Rail - LNW South Route Sectional Appendix

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Terminus Bakerloo line
Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground
Watford DC Line
towards Euston
National Rail National Rail
Watford Junction   Southern
Milton Keynes-South Croydon
  Wembley Central
Bushey or
Watford Junction
  London Midland
West Coast Main Line
  London Euston
Bushey or
Watford Junction
  London Midland
London Euston-Tring
  London Euston or
Wembley Central
Historical railways
Bakerloo line
Disused railways
Terminus   British Railways
Stanmore branch