Harrow East (UK Parliament constituency)

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Harrow East
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harrow East in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 72,537 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Stanmore, Kenton, Queensbury, Wealdstone, Harrow Weald
Current constituency
Created 1945
Member of parliament Bob Blackman (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Hendon & Harrow (parts of)
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Harrow East is a constituency[n 1] in the London Borough of Harrow created in 1945 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Bob Blackman, a Conservative.[n 2]

History and profile[edit]

Hendon highlighted among the other seats in the abolished administrative county of Middlesex 1918-45; the north-west and west boundaries of Middlesex became the Greater London boundaries in 1965. This shows the area of most revisions of the seat to occupy the west part of the former Hendon seat more than Harrow East's other forerunner, Harrow.

The seat was created in 1945 and has been varied due to two sets of major ward reconfigurations and by other national boundary reforms. The predecessor seats were Hendon and to a much lesser extent Harrow. The censuses of 2001 and 2011 show the overwhelmingly most common housing types of the seat to be semi-detached houses, almost a majority, followed by mid-rise apartments whether purpose-built or converted from older houses, then terraced and then detached houses, and consistently lower-than-average proportions of social housing for Greater London.[2] The seat is served by three separate commuter lines running into Central London and has many parks and sports grounds. Few arterial roads bisect Harrow East — further east is the start of the M1 motorway and in the middle of seats further south in north-west London are the A40 Western Avenue and North Circular Road, omitting the boundaries drawn from the arterial road-building projects of the 1940s to 1970s.

Political history
Harrow East constituency within the parliamentary county of Middlesex, showing boundaries used from 1945–50.

To date since 1945 a stronger area for the Labour Party than neighbouring Harrow West, the seat has been mostly Conservative in outcome. Labour did win here in landslide victories in 1945, 1966 and 1997, and held on in the two subsequent general elections. In 2010 the seat was regained by a Conservative on a high turnout, though Labour's incumbent managed to hold on to Harrow West. Residents in the borough include fewer people in the category of no qualifications than the national average, in 2011, at 16.8%.[3]

The seat has been a bellwether since the 1979 General Election (inclusive), by reflecting the result nationally. The 2015 result gave the seat the 53rd most marginal majority of the Conservative Party's 331 seats by percentage of majority.[4]

Boundaries[edit]

1945-1950: The Urban District of Harrow wards of Kenton, Stanmore North, Stanmore South, Wealdstone North, Wealdstone South, and part of Harrow Weald ward.

1950-1955: As above less Wealdstone North and Wealdstone South

1955-1974: The Municipal Borough of Harrow wards of Belmont, Harrow Weald, Queensbury, Stanmore North, and Stanmore South.

1974-1978: The London Borough of Harrow wards of Belmont, Harrow Weald, Queensbury, Stanmore North, and Stanmore South.

1978-1978: The London Borough of Harrow wards of Canons, Centenary, Harrow Weald, Kenton East, Stanmore Park, Stanmore South, and Wemborough.

1983-2010: The London Borough of Harrow wards of Canons, Centenary, Greenhill, Harrow Weald, Kenton East, Kenton West, Marlborough, Stanmore Park, Stanmore South, Wealdstone, and Wemborough.

2010–present: The London Borough of Harrow wards of Belmont, Canons, Harrow Weald, Kenton East, Kenton West, Queensbury, Stanmore Park, and Wealdstone.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1945 Frederick Skinnard Labour
1950 Ian Harvey Conservative
1959 by-election Anthony Courtney Conservative
1966 Roy Roebuck Labour
1970 Hugh Dykes Conservative
1997 Tony McNulty Labour
2010 Bob Blackman Conservative

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Harrow East[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bob Blackman 25,129 49.4 -0.9
Labour Navin Shah 23,372 46.0 +5.3
Liberal Democrat Adam Bernard 1,573 3.1 +1.0
Green Emma Wallace 771 1.5 -0.2
Majority 1,757 3.4 -6.3
Turnout 50,845 70.9 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing -3.1
General Election 2015: Harrow East[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bob Blackman 24,668 50.3 +5.7
Labour Uma Kumaran 19,911 40.6 +3.1
UKIP Aidan Powlesland 2,333 4.8 +2.9
Liberal Democrat Ross Barlow 1,037 2.1 -12.2
Green Emma Wallace 846 1.7 +0.1
TUSC Nana Asante 205 0.4 +0.4
Majority 4,757 9.7 +2.6
Turnout 49,000 69.0 +1.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.3
General Election 2010: Harrow East[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bob Blackman 21,435 44.7 +6.1
Labour Tony McNulty 18,032 37.6 −7.9
Liberal Democrat Nahid Boethe 6,850 14.3 +0.1
UKIP Abhijit Pandya 896 1.9 +0.1
Green Madeleine Atkins 793 1.7 +1.7
Majority 3,403 7.1
Turnout 48,006 67.1 +5.8
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +7.0

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Harrow East[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony McNulty 23,445 46.1 −9.2
Conservative David Ashton 18,715 36.8 +4.6
Liberal Democrat Pash Nandhra 7,747 15.2 +2.7
UKIP Paul Cronin 916 1.8 N/A
Majority 4,730 9.3
Turnout 50,823 60.5 +2.1
Labour hold Swing −6.9
General Election 2001: Harrow East[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony McNulty 26,590 55.3 +2.8
Conservative Peter Wilding 15,466 32.2 −3.3
Liberal Democrat George Kershaw 6,021 12.5 +4.3
Majority 11,124 23.1
Turnout 48,077 58.4 −12.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Harrow East[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Tony McNulty 29,962 52.52 +18.73
Conservative Hugh Dykes 20,189 35.43 -17.44
Liberal Democrat Baldev Sharma 4,697 8.24 -2.69
Referendum Bernard Casey 1,537 2.70
UKIP A.J. Scholefield 464 0.81
Natural Law Andrew Planton 171 0.30 -0.06
Majority 9,737 17.09 N/A
Turnout 57,020 71.25 -6.59
Labour gain from Conservative Swing -18.09
General Election 1992: Harrow East[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 30,752 52.87 −1.3
Labour Tony McNulty 19,654 33.79 +10.24
Liberal Democrat V.M. Chamberlain 6,360 10.93 -11.31
Liberal P. Burrows 1,142 1.96
Natural Law S. Hamza 212 0.36
Anti-Federalist League J. Lester 49 0.08
Majority 11,098 19.08 -11.59
Turnout 58,169 77.84 +4.39
Conservative hold Swing −5.8

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Harrow East[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 32,302 54.21 +4.45
Labour David John Brough 14,029 23.55 +1.22
Liberal Zerbanoo Gifford 13,251 22.24 −5.7
Majority 18,273 30.67 +8.86
Turnout 59,582 73.45 +0.96
Conservative hold Swing +1.62
General Election 1983: Harrow East[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 28,834 49.76
Liberal R. Hains 16,166 27.90
Labour D.D. Brough 12,941 22.33
Majority 12,668 21.86
Turnout 57,941 72.49
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Harrow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 20,871 54.32
Labour D. Miles 12,993 33.82
Liberal M. Savitt 3,984 10.37
National Front L. Le Croissette 572 1.49
Majority 7,878 20.50
Turnout 77.85
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Harrow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 17,073 46.22
Labour R.W. Lewis 13,595 36.81
Liberal J. McDonnell 6,268 16.97
Majority 3,478 9.42
Turnout 74.90
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Harrow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 17,978 44.65
Labour K.W. Childerhouse 13,485 33.49
Liberal J. McDonnell 8,805 21.87
Majority 4,493 11.16
Turnout 82.38
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Harrow East [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Hugh Dykes 19,517 51.00
Labour Roy Roebuck 15,496 40.49
Liberal Michael Colne 3,185 8.32
Independent Geoffrey Cramp 72 0.19
Majority 4,021 10.51
Turnout 75.94
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Harrow East [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Roebuck 17,374 44.41
Conservative Anthony Courtney 16,996 43.45
Liberal Michael Colne 4,749 12.14
Majority 378 0.97
Turnout 82.76
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1964: Harrow East [18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Courtney 20,307 52.94
Labour Jo Richardson 18,048 47.06
Majority 2,259 5.89
Turnout 79.98
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Harrow East [19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony Courtney 23,554 57.22
Labour Merlyn Rees 17,607 42.78
Majority 5,947 14.45
Turnout 84.54
Conservative hold Swing
By-election 1959: Harrow East[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Anthony T. Courtney 17,776 52.8 -1.6
Labour Merlyn Rees 15,546 46.2 0.6
National Union of Small Shopkeepers Thomas Lynch 348 1.0 1.0
Majority 2,220 6.6 -2.2
Turnout 28,795 68.96 -13.66
Conservative hold Swing -1.1
General Election 1955: Harrow East [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Harvey 22,243 54.43
Labour Merlyn Rees 18,621 45.57
Majority 3,622 8.86
Turnout 82.62
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Harrow East [22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Harvey 26,896 49.85
Labour Robert D Rees 23,725 43.98
Liberal Geoffrey JE Rhodes 3,329 6.17
Majority 3,171 5.88
Turnout 87.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Harrow East [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Ian Harvey 23,680 44.75
Labour Frederick Skinnard 22,216 41.98
Liberal Desmond Banks 6,393 12.08
Communist Bill Seaman[24] 633 1.20
Majority 1,464 2.77
Turnout 87.23
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Election in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Harrow East
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frederick Skinnard 27,613 46.44 N/A
Conservative Fredman Ashe Lincoln 20,843 35.05 N/A
Liberal Anthony Gibbs 7,513 12.63 N/A
Communist G Driver 3,493 5.87 N/A
Majority 6,770 11.39 N/A
Turnout 77.34 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Parish: Key Statistics: Population. (2011 census) Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  3. ^ 2011 census interactive maps by comparison the London Borough of Haringey has 17.8% and Three Rivers District has 17.4%
  4. ^ List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  6. ^ "Harrow East parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.harrow.gov.uk/www2/mgElectionAreaResults.aspx?XXR=0&ID=112&RPID=85339698 3Aug15
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  14. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1970. 
  17. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1966. 
  18. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1964. 
  19. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1959. 
  20. ^ http://www.harrow-elections.co.uk/resources/1954AppendJ.pdf
  21. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1955. 
  22. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1951. 
  23. ^ The Times' Guide to the House of Commons. 1950. 
  24. ^ Stevenson, Graham. "Seaman Bill". Retrieved 22 April 2017. 

Coordinates: 51°36′22″N 0°18′47″W / 51.606°N 0.313°W / 51.606; -0.313