Harrow West (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Harrow West in Greater London.
|Electorate||69,135 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Gareth Thomas (Labour Co-op)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Harrow and Hendon|
|European Parliament constituency||London|
Harrow West is a constituency[n 1] created in 1945 represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament and which has returned the Labour Co-operative MP Gareth Thomas in the five General Elections from 1997 having previously returned Conservative MPs.[n 2]
- 1 Political history
- 2 Boundaries
- 3 Members of Parliament
- 4 Election results
- 5 See also
- 6 Notes and references
- Summary of results
The Labour Party have held the seat since 1997 with the Conservative Party second-placed in each election. The 2015 result makes the seat the 215th safest of the party's 232 seats (by majority percentage) thus 18th most marginal seat. Thomas's majority has not exceeded 13.2% but has been lower, at 2.3%, in 1997.
- Other parties
|1945-1950||Urban District of Harrow||Harrow on the Hill and Greenhill, Headstone, Pinner North, Pinner South, Roxeth; West Harrow; part of Harrow Weald.|
|1950-1955||Urban District of Harrow||Pinner North, Pinner South, Roxeth; part of Harrow Weald.|
|1955-1983||Urban District of Harrow||Pinner North, Pinner South, and Roxeth.|
|1983-2010||London Borough of Harrow||Harrow on the Hill, Hatch End, Headstone North, Headstone South, Pinner, Pinner West, Rayners Lane, Ridgeway, Roxbourne, and Roxeth.|
|2010–present||London Borough of Harrow||Greenhill, Harrow on the Hill, Headstone North, Headstone South, Marlborough, Rayners Lane, Roxbourne, Roxeth, and West Harrow.|
The constituency was created for the 1945 General Election when the Harrow constituency was split into new seats of Harrow East and Harrow West. It was reduced in size for the 1950 General Election when a third Harrow seat, Harrow Central, was created. The Boundary Commission review before the 1983 General Election saw the London Borough of Harrow contained in two seats, resulting in Harrow West gaining parts of the abolished Harrow Central.
Unlike Harrow East, it had always been won by the Conservative Party until Labour's landslide in 1997 when a swing of 17.5% was the eighth-highest swing in that election, and it was the safest Conservative seat to be lost to Labour. The constituency produced another better than average result for Labour in 2001 with a swing from Conservative to Labour of 5.4% or 5.5%, a pro-Labour swing bettered in four seats and in 2005 a challenge by Mike Freer produced a pro-Conservative swing of 4.5%.
The area has the largely Georgian conservation area on a stand-alone partly park-lined hill which hosts Harrow School and includes more urban Harrow town centre and suburban streets of homes with good-sized gardens and well-kept small parklands. The seat has fast London Underground links to the city centre and rail services, few dual carriageways and few high speed roads. Labour incumbent Tony McNulty lost the neighbouring Harrow East in 2010 to the Conservative Party. Harrow West's Thomas retained his seat in Harrow West with a reduced majority.
Latest boundary review
Following their review of parliamentary representation in North London, the Boundary Commission for England have created a modified Harrow West constituency to reflect parts of Greater London where population has increased more. The western border district, town or neighbourhood of Pinner has been moved to a new constituency, Ruislip, Northwood and Pinner, making Harrow West based on 2005 ward voting statistics, and on local elections, a stronger Labour seat at the expense of the Conservatives than in 2005 — both two leading parties won fewer votes in 2010. Harrow West saw a notional swing in favour of the Conservative Party's Rachel Joyce of 5.7% in the election.
Members of Parliament
|1951||Sir Albert Braithwaite||Conservative|
|1960 by-election||Sir John Page||Conservative|
|1997||Gareth Thomas||Labour, then Labour Co-operative|
Elections in the 2010s
|Labour Co-op||Gareth Thomas||21,885||47.0||+3.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Noyce||1,567||3.3||−12.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Noyce||7,458||16.2||−2.5|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour Co-op||Gareth Thomas||20,298||42.5||−7.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Christopher Noyce||8,188||17.1||+4.2|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−4.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Noyce||5,995||12.9||−2.6|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour Co-op||Gareth Thomas||21,811||41.5||+19.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Pash Nandhra||8,127||15.5||−4.7|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||17.5|
|Liberal Democrat||C. Noyce||11,050||20.17|
|Natural Law||J. Argyle||306||0.56|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||S.P. Bayliss||15,012||27.23|
|Social Democratic||S.P. Bayliss||17,035||32.20|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||R. Bennett||646||1.44|
|Labour||Timothy P C Daniel||11,462||27.44|
|Liberal||Jeffrey F Smith||5,440||13.02|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||Christopher Hubert Beaumont||12,313||28.87|
|Liberal||Harry Charles Seigal||7,676||18.00|
|Labour||Kenneth W Childerhouse||10,725||24.99|
|Liberal||Arnold E. Bender||9,055||21.10|
|Liberal||John M. Wallbridge||7,100||21.38||N/A|
|Labour||Philip J. Jenkins||6,030||18.15||-10.93|
|New Conservative||John E. Dayton||1,560||4.70||N/A|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Philip J. Jenkins||12,512||29,08|
|Liberal||Philip Montague Syrett||4,846||11.95|
Election in the 1940s
|Liberal||Hubert Winthrop Young||7,364||12.83|
|Common Wealth||Hugh Lawson||2,462||4.29|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- largest swings at each parliamentary election
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- BBC News http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/shared/election2010/results/constituency/c05.stm. Missing or empty
- Changes based upon 2005 notional results
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.