Harry C. Butcher

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Harry Cecil Butcher
Allied Commanders after Germany Surrendered.jpg
Senior Allied commanders at Reims, France, on 7 May 1945, shortly after the Germans had signed the surrender document, including Harry C. Butcher standing behind General Dwight D. Eisenhower
Born (1901-11-01)November 1, 1901
Springville, Iowa, United States
Died April 20, 1985(1985-04-20) (aged 83)
Santa Barbara, California, United States
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch Seal of the United States Navy Reserve.svg United States Navy Reserve
Years of service 1939–1945
Rank Captain
Battles/wars World War II
Other work Broadcaster
Radio & television consultant

Harry Cecil Butcher (November 1, 1901 – April 20, 1985) was an American radio broadcaster who served during World War II as the Naval Aide to General Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1942 to 1945.

Early life[edit]

Harry C. Butcher was born in Springville, Iowa on November 1, 1901. Following his graduation from Iowa State College, in 1929 Butcher began a career in radio broadcasting.[1] He opened the Washington, D.C. office of CBS and served as its director until 1932. Beginning in 1932, he was the manager, and later vice-president, of the CBS Radio Network's station in Washington, D.C. station WJSV. While there, Butcher coined a term for President Franklin Roosevelt's radio speeches to the American public, referring to the May 7, 1933 address in a press release, as a "fireside chat".[2][3]

Military career[edit]

Signature of surrender on 7 May 1945 at Reims, France, including Harry C. Butcher standing in the background

During his tenure at WJSV, Butcher was commissioned a Lieutenant Commander in the United States Navy Reserve (U.S.N.R.) on September 16, 1939. From 1942 to 1945, Butcher served as the Naval Aide to General Dwight D. Eisenhower.[4] On May 1, 1943, Butcher was promoted to the rank of Commander in the U.S.N.R. On November 1, 1944 he was promoted to the temporary rank of Captain. Following an order given to him by Eisenhower, Butcher kept a diary of his and Eisenhower's wartime activities. The diary would come to be published in 1946 under the title "My Three Years with Eisenhower." It also led to historian Max Hastings referring to him as "the embodiment of all gossip-ridden staff officers".[5]

It was Butcher who preserved the written statement that Eisenhower had prepared in the event that the D-Day invasions failed.[6]

Later life[edit]

Butcher returned to the broadcasting world following the end of WWII. From 1946 to the 1970s, Butcher owned a radio station in Santa Barbara, California.[7] He also served as president of Santa Barbara's cable TV corporation and as a radio/television consultant.

On April 20, 1985, Butcher died in Santa Barbara, California, United States.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Backstage with Butcher". Time Magazine. May 6, 1946. Retrieved April 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ Buhite, Russell D.; Levy, David W., eds. (1992). FDR's Fireside Chats. University of Oklahoma Press. p. xv. 
  3. ^ "Fireside chats". Encyclopedia of Political Communication. SAGE. 2008. pp. 243–244. 
  4. ^ Butcher, Harry C. (1946). My Three Years With Eisenhower. New York: Simon and Schuster. p. xiii. 
  5. ^ Hastings, Max (1985). Overlord: D-Day and the Battle for Normandy 1944. London: Pan Books. p. 268. 
  6. ^ Watson, Leon (5 June 2014). "'Any fault is mine alone': How General Eisenhower planned to take full blame if D-Day had FAILED (and it could teach today's politicians a thing or two!)". Daily Mail. UK. Retrieved 22 January 2018. 
  7. ^ "Butcher, Harry C.: Papers, 1910–1959" (PDF). Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library. p. 4. Retrieved 22 January 2018. 

External links[edit]