|This article needs additional citations for verification. (December 2010)|
|Date of birth||26 November 1919|
|Place of birth||Darlington, County Durham, England|
|Date of death||9 March 1985(aged 65)|
|Place of death||Goodison Park, Liverpool, England|
|Height||5 ft 9 in (1.75 m)|
|Cheadle Heath Nomads|
|1975–1977||Preston North End|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Harry Catterick (26 November 1919 – 9 March 1985) was an English football player and manager. As a player Catterick played for Everton and Crewe Alexandra, in a career that was interrupted by World War II, but he is most notable as a manager. After spells with Crewe and Sheffield Wednesday, with whom he won the Football League Second Division title, he took over at Everton and won the Football League twice and the FA Cup with the Merseyside club and is regarded as one of Everton's most successful managers. He finished his managerial career at Preston North End.
Catterick played at amateur level for Stockport County where his father, Henry, was a coach and for Cheadle Heath Nomads before signing for Everton in 1937 as an 18-year-old. Prior to turning professional, he was an apprentice marine engineer.
However, his professional career coincided with the Second World War so that his opportunities to play were limited. His wartime scoring record with Everton was an impressive 55 goals in 71 games. During the war, he also played for Manchester United and Stockport County.
He finally made his league debut in August 1946, aged 26.
Replacing Eric Taylor in 1958, Catterick achieved much success in his three years with Sheffield Wednesday. He led to team to the Division 2 title in 1959 and reached the FA Cup semi-final the following season, losing to Blackburn Rovers. The following season, Wednesday were league runners-up to Tottenham Hotspur, who won the Double. Catterick left just before the end of the season following an approach from Everton.
Catterick took over from Johnny Carey in 1961. He soon began to motivate the team and made some astute signings. Under his authoritarian guidance, Everton won the (Old) First Division Championship in the 1962–63 season and the 1966 FA Cup Final. Although he narrowly lost the 1968 FA Cup Final, the same young team eventually dominated the 1969–70 season, winning the Championship again by one point short of a record points total. Catterick upheld Everton's tradition of cultured, attacking football.
Many tipped Everton to dominate the 1970s under Catterick. However, the sale of Alan Ball to Arsenal and a dip in the team's morale saw Everton struggle in the league the following season. The struggle by a previously great team seriously affected Catterick's health, and he suffered a heart attack on 5 January 1972 due to the immense stress. He spent ten days in hospital in Sheffield and returned later that season, but later felt it took him over a year to fully recover.
He was persuaded to accept the role of a non-executive director of the club in April 1973 by John Moores, and he held that role until becoming manager of Preston North End from 27 August 1975 to May 1977.
The Shankly rivalry
While the manager of rivals Liverpool, Bill Shankly, was an extrovert, Catterick was the opposite; an introvert. He disliked that the press gave information about his team out to the public, even simple details such as the formation. He ensured that the players on the team-sheet were only listed in alphabetical order so that rival managers would not know the line-up.
He also disliked televised games as he wanted to keep Everton's playing style out of the public eye. His rival Shankly was the opposite, welcoming televised matches as he felt it frightened opposing teams.
Catterick once gave an "exclusive" story to a journalist that Everton had missed out on the signing of Preston North End's Howard Kendall and that Kendall had in fact opted to sign for Liverpool. The journalist published the story in the newspaper but hours later Kendall had in fact signed for Everton. It is claimed that Catterick had manipulated the media to score points off the field against Shankly.
|Crewe Alexandra||1 December 1951||1 June 1953||75||31||11||33||41.33|
|Rochdale||1 June 1953||1 May 1958||238||88||58||92||36.97|
|Sheffield Wednesday||1 August 1958||April 1961||138||77||31||30||55.80|
|Everton||April 1961||12 April 1973||597||278||157||162||46.57|
|Preston North End||27 August 1975||1 May 1977||98||40||24||34||40.82|
Catterick died of a heart attack shortly after watching Everton draw 2–2 with Ipswich Town in an FA Cup Sixth Round match at Goodison Park on 9 March 1985. He was 65 years old. His death came almost exactly five years after former Everton striker Dixie Dean had died while watching a game at the ground, also of a heart attack. Everton won the replay 1–0 and the players wore a black armband in honour of Catterick.
He is buried in the graveyard of the Parish Church of St Annes, Lancashire. His gravestone bears the Everton motto, "Nil satis nisi optimum".
- Sheffield Wednesday
- Hilton, Nick (21 December 2010). "The Harry Catterick Story: Part One - Was Everton FC's most successful boss for 90 years Top Catt or a Sour Puss?". Liverpool Echo. Retrieved 22 December 2010.