Culver, ca. 1913
Harry Hazel Culver
January 22, 1880
|Died||August 17, 1946 (aged 66)|
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Real estate developer, philanthropist|
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Harry Hazel Culver (January 22, 1880 – August 17, 1946) was a real estate developer and promoter. He was born in Milford, Nebraska, the middle child of five of Jacob H. and Ada L. (Davison) Culver, who lived on a farm. At age 18, he enlisted in the Spanish–American War and served as a corporal and sergeant.
After attending liberal arts college Doane College for a year, Culver studied business at the University of Nebraska for 3 years. From 1901 to about 1904, he worked in the Philippines in the mercantile business and as a reporter for the Manila Times and special customs agent.
In 1913, in a speech at the California Club in Los Angeles, Culver announced his plans for what was to become Culver City. Local voters rejected the land's annexation to LA in 1914, whereupon Culver founded the Culver Investment Company. Supported by a 59-0 vote, Culver City became incorporated on September 20, 1917, with a population of 530.
Once the president of the California Association of Realtors, Culver served as president of the National Association of Realtors in 1923. The following year, he moved his offices to the second floor of Hotel Hunt, now named the Culver Hotel, the building of which he also supported. Culver served locally in elected office and promoted the city with picnics, leading tours with box lunches, and advertising "All Roads Lead to Culver City". Culver served locally in elected office before his death in Hollywood, California. Advertising Culver City as "See this model little white city, scarcely a year and a half old." (LA Herald March 12, 1915). In 1927 he oversaw the issuing of the following opinion which makes it explicitly clear what he meant. "The Los Angeles Realty Board recommends that Realtors should not sell property to other than Caucasian in territories occupied by them. Deed and Covenant Restrictions probably are the only way that the matter can be controlled; and Realty Boards should be interested. This is the general opinion of all boards in the state."
The Heart of Screenland
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With Culver's encouragement, Thomas Ince moved his film operations to what is now Culver City, and the Triangle Motion Picture Company (now Sony Pictures Studios) was founded in 1915 on 10202 W. Washington Blvd. After a disagreement with partners D.W. Griffith and Mack Sennett that led to his selling out, Ince bought property on 9336 Washington Blvd. from Culver to form the Thomas H. Ince Studio (now the Culver Studios) in 1918.
Hal Roach, prevented from expanding his facilities by downtown Los Angeles's zoning, purchased the property on 8822 Washington Blvd. for the Hal Roach Studios (1919–1962) from Culver. Thus Culver played a vital role in the development of all three of "The Heart of Screenland"'s major movies studios.
Culver enjoyed horseback riding, swimming, and playing ice hockey. In June 1916, he married actress Lillian Roberts, (Lillian Culver) who died in 1999 at the age of 103. Their daughter and only child, Patricia, was born on August 11, 1917.
Harry gave about 600 speeches a year, thus the Culver family traveled broadly and often. In honor of his father, Culver founded the Pacific Military Academy. Patricia Culver Battle remained connected to Culver City until her death in 2001. Culver has two living grandsons, Dr. John Battle living in Tacoma, Washington, and Chris Wilde in Seattle, Washington.
Culver is also known for attempting to resuscitate F. Scott Fitzgerald. Fitzgerald's live-in partner, Sheilah Graham, witnessed Fitzgerald experience a heart attack and ran to the manager of the building at the time for help, Culver. Upon entering the apartment to assist Fitzgerald, Culver stated, "I'm afraid he's dead."
On March 26, 2006, Culver City's Cultural Affairs Division with the Culver City Historical Society dedicated a sculpture of Harry Culver, commissioned to artist De L'Esprie with the National Heritage Collectors Society, founded by David L. Spellerberg. The artwork, titled "A Moment in Time", is part of the city's Art in Public Places program. Culver's grandson, Dr. John Battle, and his family participated in the dedication ceremony.
Article by Harry H. Culver: "Advertising in Real Estate"
Harry H. Culver contributed to a book called The Realty Blue Book of California He speaks about selling real estate including some quotes:
- " To sum up, the sort of real estate advertising which is most profitable is the kind which tells the truth about the property in an attractive, interesting and consistent manner".
- "Good advertising sells the greatest amount of merchandise, or property, or converts the largest number of people to a given idea. In actual practice it is almost impossible to trace directly the results of any given, or individual advertisement, although in many cases a large number of sales are made in this way."
- "How Much To Spend In Advertising. Perhaps the best method of arriving at an advertising appropriation is that of taking a certain percentage of the anticipated sales. This percentage may vary from one to ten per cent, depending on difficulties encountered and resistance to overcome. A fair average would be between three and five per cent of the gross sales."
- Morton, Julius Sterling (1906). Illustrated history of Nebraska Volume II. Jacob North & Company. p. 623. Retrieved 2010-02-02.
- "Happy Death Day, F. Scott Fitzgerald – Vol. 1 Brooklyn". vol1brooklyn.com. Retrieved 2019-03-04.
- "Culver City Historical Society Summer 2006 Newsletter (V.27 #3)" (PDF). Culver City Historical Society. Summer 2006.
- Culver City's Tribute to Its Founder, culvercity.org; accessed April 25, 2018.