Harry Gruyaert (born 1941) is a photographer known for his images of India, Morocco and Egypt as well as of the west of Ireland and for his use of colour. He is a member of Magnum Photos. His work has been published in a number of books, been exhibited widely and won the Kodak Prize.
Life and work
Gruyaert was born in 1941 in Antwerp, Belgium. He studied at the School for Photo and Cinema in Brussels from 1959 to 1962. He began freelance work in Paris, while working as a director of photography for Flemish television.
In 1969 Gruyaert made his first trip to Morocco. The resulting work won him the Kodak Prize in 1976 and was published in the book Morocco in 1990. He travelled to India for the first time in 1976 and to Egypt in 1987.
In 1972 he photographed the Summer Olympic Games in Munich and the first Apollo flights as they were shown on a television set. This series, TV Shots, was first exhibited at the Delpire Gallery in 1974 and later elsewhere. It was published as a book in 2007.
Publications by Gruyaert
- Lumières Blanches. Paris: Centre national de la photographie, 1986. ISBN 9782867540301. Introduction by Alain Macaire and text by Richard Nonas, translated into English by Brice Matthieussent. Published on the occasion of the Gruyaert exhibition at the Palais de Tokyo, 24 April–9 June 1986.
- Morocco. Munich: Schirmer/Mosel, 1990. ISBN 9783888143922. With an interview by Brice Matthieussent.
- Marruecos. Seville: Fundación de las Tres Culturas, 2009. ISBN 9788493628284. Text in English, French and Spanish, by Gerardo Ruiz-Rico Ruiz and Brice Mathieussent, translated by Francis Merino and Meriem Abdelaziz.
- Maroc. Paris: Textuel, 2013. ISBN 978-2845974784.
- Made in Belgium. Paris: Nathan/Delpire, 2000. ISBN 9782851072016. Text by Hugo Claus, in Flemish and French.
- Harry Gruyaert. Photo Poche series. Arles, France: Actes Sud, 2006. ISBN 978-2742761760.
- TV Shots. Göttingen: Steidl, 2007. ISBN 978-3865213754. With a text by Jean-Philippe Toussaint.
- Harry Gruyaert: Edges. Amsterdam: Mets & Schilt, 2009. ISBN 978-9053306161. Edited and with preface by Charles-Arthur Boyer.
- Moscow 1989-2009. Paris: Be-Pôles, 2010. ISBN 9782917004128. Text in French and English.
- Roots. Paris: Xavier Barral, 2012. ISBN 978-2365110235.
Publications with others
- Way to Gods: Magunamu Foto: Kumano kodō, Santiago e no michi (WAY to GODS マグナム フォト 熊野古道 サンティアゴへの道), ed. Nagasaka Yoshimitsu (永坂嘉光). Tokyo: Kawade Kobō Shinsha, 1999. ISBN 4-309-90293-6. (in Japanese) (Additional title on front cover: Ancient Kumano Roads and Roads to Santiago.) Contains photographs of Camino de Santiago by Gruyaert and Peter Marlow, and of Kumano kodō by Marlow, Elliott Erwitt and Chris Steele-Perkins.
- Nord-pas-de-Calais Picardie. Paris: National Geographic, 2004. ISBN 978-2845821385. Photographs by Gruyaert, French-language text by Marie Desplechin.
- Tour Granite. Paris: Xavier Barral, 2009. ISBN 978-2915173345. Photographs by Gruyaert and Jean Gaumy, text by Éric Reinhardt.
- 1974: TV Shots, Delpire Gallery, Paris.
- 2008: TV Shots, Phillips de Pury & Company, Cologne, Germany.
- 2008: TV Shots, installation, Paris Photo.
- 2012: Moscow 1989-2009. Moscow Biennale 2012, Le Manège, Moscow.
- 2012/2013: Roots, Le Botanique, Brussels.
- 2015: Harry Gruyaert, Magnum Photos, London, 15 September – 31 October 2015.
- 2018: Retrospectieve, Fotomuseum Antwerp, Antwerp, 9 March 2018 - 10 June 2018. 
Exhibitions with others
- 1976: TV Shots: Photo Murals by Harry Gruyaert and Charles Goossens, International Center of Photography.
- 2012: Cartier-Bresson: A Question of Colour, Somerset House, London.
- 1976: Winner, Kodak Prize.
Gruyaert's work is held in the following permanent collections:
- MAST, Foto/Industria, Bologna, Italy.
- Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas at Austin, TX.
- Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris.
- David Roberts collection, London.
- O'Hagan, Sean (7 November 2012). "Henri Cartier-Bresson: who can beat the master of monochrome?". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- Lennon, Peter (31 July 2003). "Magnum force". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
The last philosophical crisis for Magnum was the acceptance of colour. "Traditionally we are black and white," [Thomas] Hoepker says. "It was never a policy not to accept colour photographers. But acceptance came rather late and reluctantly. I am absolutely in favour. I am a colour photographer. The market called for colour and of course we have a few great colour photographers. There is Alex Webb [American], Gruyaert [Belgian] and Martin Parr [British]."
- "Harry Gruyaert's best photograph – waiting for a Belgian parade", The Guardian. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Photography: The camera reveals the essence of India", The Independent. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- Adams, Tim (18 November 2007). "Shooting stars of Magnum light up one another". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
- "Prix Kodak de la Critique Photographique: Liste des lauréats ", Kodak. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert: Belgian b. 1941", Magnum Photos. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Book - TV Shots", Magnum Photos. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert TV Shots 1 September - 2 October Cologne ", Phillips (auctioneers). Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert", Magnum Photos. Accessed 2010-01-21.
- "Harry Gruyaert installation", Canon. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Mockba 1989-2009", Moscow Biennale. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert - Roots", Le Botanique. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- Davies, Lucy (23 Jun 2015). "Harry Gruyaert: 'I discovered how to see'". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 10 October 2015.
- Dewever, Ilse. "Dit zijn de 10 culturele toppers van deze week". Gazet van Antwerpen (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-03-05.
- "TV Shots: Photo Murals by Harry Gruyaert and Charles Goossens", International Center of Photography. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Magnum's Harry Gruyaert on Henri Cartier-Bresson", Phaidon Press. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Henri Cartier-Bresson photo rarities go on show with a splash of colour ", London Evening Standard. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert", Foto/Industria . Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Photography Collections Database: Record Detail", University of Texas at Austin. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Harry Gruyaert", Bibliothèque Nationale de France. Accessed 29 August 2014.
- "Collecting", David Roberts Arts Foundation. Accessed 29 August 2014.