Harry Harrison (writer)

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Harry Harrison
Harrison in 2005
Harrison in 2005
BornHenry Maxwell Dempsey
(1925-03-12)March 12, 1925
Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.
DiedAugust 15, 2012(2012-08-15) (aged 87)
Brighton, England
OccupationWriter, illustrator
NationalityAmerican, Irish
GenreScience fiction, satire
Notable awardsInkpot Award (2004)[1]
SpouseEvelyn Harrison (div. 1951)
Joan Merkler Harrison (1954–2002, her death)

Harry Max Harrison (born Henry Maxwell Dempsey; March 12, 1925 – August 15, 2012)[2] was an American science fiction author, known mostly for his character The Stainless Steel Rat and for his novel Make Room! Make Room! (1966). The latter was the rough basis for the motion picture Soylent Green (1973). Long resident in both Ireland and the United Kingdom, Harrison was involved in the foundation of the Irish Science Fiction Association, and was, with Brian Aldiss, co-president of the Birmingham Science Fiction Group.

Aldiss called him "a constant peer and great family friend".[3] His friend Michael Carroll said of Harrison's work: "Imagine Pirates of the Caribbean or Raiders of the Lost Ark, and picture them as science-fiction novels. They're rip-roaring adventures, but they're stories with a lot of heart."[4] Novelist Christopher Priest wrote in an obituary

Harrison was an extremely popular figure in the SF world, renowned for being amiable, outspoken and endlessly amusing. His quickfire, machine-gun delivery of words was a delight to hear, and a reward to unravel: he was funny and self-aware, he enjoyed reporting the follies of others, he distrusted generals, prime ministers and tax officials with sardonic and cruel wit, and above all he made plain his acute intelligence and astonishing range of moral, ethical and literary sensibilities.[5]


Harrison's novelette "Down to Earth" took the cover of the November 1963 issue of Amazing Stories.

Before becoming an editor and writer, Harrison started in the science fiction field as an illustrator, notably with EC Comics' two science fiction comic book series, Weird Fantasy and Weird Science. In these and other comic book stories, he most often worked with Wally Wood. Wood usually inked over Harrison's layouts, and the two freelanced for several publishers and genres, including westerns and horror comics. He and Wood split up their partnership in 1950 and went their separate ways. Harrison used house pen names such as Wade Kaempfert and Philip St. John to edit magazines and published other fiction under the pen names Felix Boyd and Hank Dempsey[6] (see Personal Life below). Harrison ghostwrote Vendetta for the Saint, one of the long-running series of novels featuring Leslie Charteris' character The Saint. Harrison also wrote for syndicated comic strips, writing several stories for the character Rick Random.

His first short story, "Rock Diver", was published in the February 1951 issue of Worlds Beyond, edited by Damon Knight;[7] the magazine had previously published his illustrations. While in New York, he socialized at the Hydra Club, an organization of New York's science fiction writers, including Isaac Asimov, Alfred Bester, James Blish, Anthony Boucher, Avram Davidson, Judith Merril, and Theodore Sturgeon.[8]

Harrison has become much better known for his later writing, particularly for his humorous and satirical science fiction, such as the Stainless Steel Rat series and his novel Bill, the Galactic Hero[9]—which satirized Robert A. Heinlein's novel Starship Troopers. Priest wrote:

His most popular and best-known work is contained in fast-moving parodies, homages or even straight reconstructions of traditional space-opera adventures. He wrote several named series of these: notably the Deathworld series (three titles, starting in 1960), the Stainless Steel Rat books (12 titles, from 1961), and the sequence of books about Bill, the Galactic Hero (seven titles, from 1965). These books all present interesting contradictions: while being exactly what they might superficially seem to be, unpretentious action novels with a strong streak of humour, they are also satirical, knowing, subversive, unapologetically anti-military, anti-authority and anti-violence. Harrison wrote such novels in the idiom of the politically conservative hack writer, but in reality he had a liberal conscience and a sharp awareness of the lack of literary values in so much of the SF he was parodying.[5]

Adi Robertson agreed: "His books toed the line between science fiction adventure, humor, and satire, often with a strong anti-military bent informed by his time in the U.S. Army Air Forces."[10]

During the 1950s and 1960s, he was the main writer of the Flash Gordon newspaper strip.[11][12] One of his Flash Gordon scripts was serialized in Comics Revue magazine. Harrison drew sketches to help the artist be more scientifically accurate, which the artist largely ignored.

Not all of Harrison's writing was comic. He wrote many stories on serious themes, of which by far the best known is the novel about overpopulation and consumption of the world's resources, Make Room! Make Room! (1966), which was used as a basis for the 1973 science fiction film Soylent Green (though the film changed the plot and theme).[citation needed]

For a time Harrison was closely associated with Brian Aldiss. They collaborated on a series of anthology projects and did much in the 1970s to raise the standards of criticism in the field, including institution of the John W. Campbell Memorial Award for Best Science Fiction Novel.[13] Priest wrote, "In 1965 Harrison and Aldiss published the first issue (of two) of the world's first serious journal of SF criticism, SF Horizons. Together they edited many anthologies of short stories, each one illustrating the major themes of SF, and although not intended as critical apparatus the books were a way of delineating the unique material of the fantastic. As committed internationalists, the two men created World SF, an organisation of professionals intended to encourage and enhance the writing of non-anglophone SF."[5] In particular, the two edited nine volumes of The Year's Best Science Fiction anthology series[14] as well as three volumes of the Decade series, collecting science fiction of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s respectively.[15]

In 1990, Harrison was the professional Guest of Honor at ConFiction, the 48th World SF Convention, in The Hague, Netherlands, together with Joe Haldeman and Wolfgang Jeschke.

Harrison did not win a major genre award for any specific work of fiction.[16] The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Harrison in 2004[17] and the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America named him its 26th SFWA Grand Master in 2008 (presentation of the Damon Knight Award following in 2009).[18] He became a cult hero in Russia,[2] where he won the 2008 Golden Roscon award for lifetime achievement in science fiction.[19]

Personal life[edit]

Early life[edit]

Harrison was born March 12, 1925, as Henry Maxwell Dempsey in Stamford, Connecticut. His father, Henry Leo Dempsey, a printer who was three-fourths of Irish descent, changed his name to Harrison soon after Harry was born. Harry did not know this himself until he was 30 years old, at which point he changed his name to Harry Max Harrison in court.[20] His mother, Ria, née Kirjassoff,[21] was Russian Jewish. She had been born in Riga, Latvia, and grew up in Saint Petersburg, Russia.[22][23] Her brother, Max David Kirjassoff (1888–1923), had been an American consul in Japan, but he died along with his wife Alice during the 1923 Great Kantō earthquake in 1923.[24][25][26][27][28]

After finishing Forest Hills High School in 1943, Harrison was drafted into the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II as a gunsight technician and as a gunnery instructor. Priest adds that he became a sharpshooter, a military policeman, and a specialist in the prototypes of computer-aided bomb-sights and gun turrets. "But overall the army experience vested in him a hatred of the military that was to serve him well as a writer later on."[5]

In 1946 he enrolled in Hunter College in New York City and later ran a studio selling illustrations to comics and science fiction magazines.[3]


Harrison married Evelyn Harrison, whom he included in a cartoon he drew of the Hydra Club in 1950. They divorced in 1951,[29] and Evelyn married the science fiction writer Lester del Rey shortly afterwards.[30]

Harrison married Joan Merkler Harrison in 1954. Their marriage lasted until her death of cancer in 2002. They had two children, Todd (born in 1955) and Moira (born in 1959), to whom he dedicated his novel Make Room! Make Room![30]


In his middle years, Harrison became an advocate of Esperanto, saying he could "write and speak it with an automatic ease I have never been able to capture in any language other than my native English";[31] he learned it, according to Christopher Priest, out of boredom during military service. The language often appears in his novels, particularly in his Stainless Steel Rat and Deathworld series.

He was the honorary president of the Esperanto Association of Ireland, where he had moved in the 1970s, living with his family for a number of years in a then-state-of-the-art home he built in the Vale of Avoca in County Wicklow. He also held memberships in other Esperanto organizations such as Esperanto-USA (formerly the "Esperanto League for North America"), of which he was an honorary member, and the Universala Esperanto-Asocio (World Esperanto Association), of whose Honorary Patrons' Committee he was a member.[32]


Harrison resided in many parts of the world including Mexico, England, Italy, Denmark, and Ireland.[5]

Priest writes that Harrison made many household moves abroad:

As the market for comics began to shrink, and then expire, Harrison started writing for science-fiction magazines. The paltry financial rewards led him ... to move from New York. The chance came with what seemed at the time like a large payment from a magazine for his first full-length novel, Deathworld. He drove his family in an antiquated camper van to Mexico and remained there for a year. It was the first of many international moves, something that became characteristic. He went from Mexico to Britain, then to Italy, then to Denmark. He liked Denmark and stayed for seven years, seeing it as a perfect place to bring up his children, but eventually he realised that unless he made a conscious decision to leave, they could easily remain there for ever. The family moved back to the US, to San Diego, California, where he reckoned heating bills would be low, but by the mid-1970s he was back in the UK.[5]

After many years of moving around and raising children, he spent most of his later years residing in Ireland. Because Harrison had an Irish grandparent, he was able to assume citizenship, and by taking advantage of the Irish tax exemption for artists, he enjoyed tax-free status.[5]

Harrison also kept an apartment in London for many years, and later in Brighton, these being used for his frequent visits to England, and when Joan died in 2002, his British home became permanent.[citation needed]

Harrison's official website, launched at the Irish national convention a few years earlier, announced his death on August 15, 2012,[33][2] at his apartment in Brighton, England.

On learning of his death on August 15, 2012, Harlan Ellison said, "It's a day without stars in it."[11]



Year Title Author Credit Series Notes
1960 Deathworld Harry Harrison Deathworld
First published as an illustrated serial in the British children's comic "The Eagle"
1961 The Stainless Steel Rat Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
Later adapted as a comic strip for 2000 AD.
1962 Planet of the Damned Harry Harrison Brion Brandd Variant title: Sense of Obligation (1967); serialized under this variant title in 1961.
1964 Vendetta for the Saint Leslie Charteris Ghostwritten by Harrison, credited to Leslie Charteris, and based upon Charteris's mystery series The Saint.
1964 Deathworld 2 Harry Harrison Deathworld
Originally serialised as The Ethical Engineer
1965 Plague from Space Harry Harrison Expanded and reissued as The Jupiter Plague (1982)
1965 Bill, the Galactic Hero Harry Harrison Bill, the Galactic Hero
1966 Make Room! Make Room! Harry Harrison Basis for the 1973 science fiction movie Soylent Green starring Charlton Heston
1967 The Technicolor Time Machine Harry Harrison
1968 Deathworld 3 Harry Harrison Deathworld
Originally serialised in 1968 as The Horse Barbarians
1969 Captive Universe Harry Harrison
1970 The Daleth Effect Harry Harrison Variant title: In Our Hands, the Stars, 1970. Serialised 1969-70 under this variant title.
1970 The Stainless Steel Rat's Revenge Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1970 Spaceship Medic Harry Harrison
1972 Tunnel Through the Deeps Harry Harrison Variant title: A Transatlantic Tunnel, Hurrah!
1972 Montezuma's Revenge Harry Harrison Tony Hawkin
1972 The Stainless Steel Rat Saves the World Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
Later adapted as a comic strip for 2000 AD.
1972 Stonehenge Harry Harrison and Leon Stover This version was heavily cut from the manuscript; 1983 edition, titled Stonehenge: Where Atlantis Died, restores the full original text.
1973 Star Smashers of the Galaxy Rangers Harry Harrison
1974 Queen Victoria's Revenge Harry Harrison Tony Hawkin
1975 The California Iceberg Harry Harrison
1976 Skyfall Harry Harrison
1977 The Lifeship Harry Harrison and Gordon R. Dickson Variant title: Lifeboat
1978 The Stainless Steel Rat Wants You Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1980 The QE2 Is Missing (aka The QEII Is Missing) Harry Harrison Non-science fiction. A political thriller about South American politics, Nazis and arms dealers set on a cruise ship.[6]
1980 Homeworld Harry Harrison To the Stars
1981 Wheelworld Harry Harrison To the Stars
1981 Starworld Harry Harrison To the Stars
1981 Planet of No Return Harry Harrison Brion Brandd
1982 Invasion: Earth Harry Harrison
1982 The Stainless Steel Rat for President Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
Later adapted as a comic strip for 2000 AD.
1983 A Rebel In Time Harry Harrison
1984 West of Eden Harry Harrison Eden
1985 A Stainless Steel Rat is Born Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1986 Winter in Eden Harry Harrison Eden
1987 The Stainless Steel Rat Gets Drafted Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1988 Return to Eden Harry Harrison Eden
1989 Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Robot Slaves Harry Harrison Bill, the Galactic Hero
1990 Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Bottled Brains Harry Harrison and Robert Sheckley Bill, the Galactic Hero
1991 Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Tasteless Pleasure Harry Harrison and David Bischoff Bill, the Galactic Hero
1991 Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Zombie Vampires Harry Harrison and Jack C. Haldeman II Bill, the Galactic Hero
1991 Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Ten Thousand Bars Harry Harrison and David Bischoff Bill, the Galactic Hero Variant title: Bill, the Galactic Hero on the Planet of Hippies from Hell
1991 Bill, the Galactic Hero: The Final Incoherent Adventure Harry Harrison and David Harris Bill, the Galactic Hero
1992 The Turing Option Harry Harrison and Marvin Minsky
1993 The Hammer and the Cross Harry Harrison and John Holm The Hammer and the Cross "John Holm" is a pseudonym of Tom Shippey.
1994 The Stainless Steel Rat Sings the Blues Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1994[34] One King's Way Harry Harrison and John Holm The Hammer and the Cross "John Holm" is a pseudonym of Tom Shippey.
1995 Warriors of the Way Harry Harrison and John Holm The Hammer and the Cross Omnibus edition the first two novels. "John Holm" is a pseudonym of Tom Shippey.
1996 The Stainless Steel Rat Goes to Hell Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
1997 King and Emperor Harry Harrison and John Holm The Hammer and the Cross "John Holm" is a pseudonym of Tom Shippey.
1998 Stars and Stripes Forever Harry Harrison Stars and Stripes
1998 Return to Deathworld Harry Harrison and Ant Skalandis Deathworld Only published in Russian, Lithuanian, Polish and Czech.
1998 Deathworld vs. Filibusters Harry Harrison and Ant Skalandis Deathworld Only published in Russian, Lithuanian, Polish and Czech.
1999 The Creatures from Hell Harry Harrison and Ant Skalandis Deathworld Only published in Russian, Lithuanian and Polish.
1999 The Stainless Steel Rat Joins the Circus Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat
2000 Stars and Stripes in Peril Harry Harrison Stars and Stripes
2001 Deathworld 7 Harry Harrison and Mikhail Ahmanov Deathworld Only published in Russian and Lithuanian.
2002 Stars and Stripes Triumphant Harry Harrison Stars and Stripes
2010 The Stainless Steel Rat Returns Harry Harrison The Stainless Steel Rat

Novella and novelettes[edit]

  • The Man from P.I.G. and The Man from R.O.B.O.T. (1974): These two linked novellas, featuring interstellar intelligence agents, were comedy-drama take-offs on The Man from U.N.C.L.E. The first tells of an agent of the Porcine Interstellar Guard, who performs his missions with the help of several pigs. The second tells of Henry Venn, an agent for "Robot Obtrusion Battalion—Omega Three", who poses as an interplanetary robot salesman while searching for a missing Galactic Census official on a planet populated by paranoid colonists. They were originally published as novelettes in Analog in July 1967 and July 1969.
  • Planet Story (1978), novella, published as a large format book with colour illustrations by Jim Burns

Short story collections[edit]

See List of short stories by Harry Harrison

Omnibus volumes[edit]

  • The Deathworld Trilogy (1974): Omnibus of Deathworld, Deathworld 2 & Deathworld 3) (vt. The Deathworld Omnibus, 1999) (the BenBella [2005] edition adds the short story `The Mothballed Spaceship' from Astounding: The John W. Campbell Memorial Anthology (1973))
  • The Adventures of the Stainless Steel Rat (1978) - omnibus collection of The Stainless Steel Rat, The Stainless Steel Rat's Revenge and The Stainless Steel Rat Saves the World
  • To the Stars (1991) - omnibus collection of the three "To The Stars" novels
  • Warriors of the Way (1995), with "John Holm", a pseudonym of Tom Shippey: Omnibus of The Hammer and the Cross and One King's Way
  • A Stainless Steel Trio (2002) - omnibus collection of A Stainless Steel Rat is Born, The Stainless Steel Rat Gets Drafted and The Stainless Steel Rat Sings the Blues


  • Rick Random with artist Ron Turner (trade paperback: October 2008, ISBN 1-85375-673-3)
  • Flash Gordon (1958–1964), reprinted in Comics Revue.
  • The Stainless Steel Rat (1979–1985) was adapted into a comic strip in the magazine 2000 AD by Kelvin Gosnell, with artist Carlos Ezquerra (trade paperback: July 2010, ISBN 1-906735-51-4)
  • Harry Harrison's Bill, The Galactic Hero Comics; 3 issues


Non-fiction books[edit]

  • Ahead of Time, with Theodore J. Gordon (Doubleday, 1972)
  • SF Horizons, with Brian W. Aldiss (Arno Press, 1975), ISBN 0-405-06320-2. A photographic reprint of the two issues of a critical magazine published in 1964 and 1965.[6]
  • Hell's Cartographers: Some Personal Histories of Science Fiction Writers, with Brian Aldiss (Harper & Row, 1976) ISBN 0-06-010052-4.
  • Great Balls of Fire! A History of Sex in Science Fiction Illustration (Pierrot Publishing, ISBN 0-905310-07-1; Grosset & Dunlap, ISBN 0-448-14377-1; both 1977)[35]
  • Mechanismo: An Illustrated Manual of Science Fiction Hardware (Reed Books, 1978) ISBN 0-89169-504-4 — technical illustrations by Brian Lewis
  • Spacecraft in Fact and Fiction, with Malcolm Edwards (Exeter Books, 1979) ISBN 0-89673-019-0
  • Harry Harrison! Harry Harrison!: A Memoir, (Tor, 2014) ISBN 978-0-7653-3308-7[36]

Anthologies (as editor)[edit]

  • John W. Campbell: Collected Editorials from Analog (1966)
  • Nebula Award Stories Two (1967) (with Brian Aldiss) (vt, Nebula Award Stories 1967)
  • Apeman, Spaceman (1968) (with Leon Stover)
  • Best SF: 1967 (1968) (vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Farewell Fantastic Venus (1968) (abr as vt, All About Venus, 1968)
  • SF: Author's Choice (1968) (vt, A Backdrop of Stars)
  • Best SF: 1968 (1969) (rev vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 2) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Blast Off: SF for Boys (1969)
  • Four for the Future (1969)
  • Worlds of Wonder (1969)
  • Best SF: 1969 (1970) (vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 3) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Nova 1 (1970) (rev edition 1976, UK hc)
  • SF: Author's Choice 2 (1970)
  • The Year 2000 (1970)
  • Best SF: 1970 (1971) (vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 4) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • The Light Fantastic (1971)
  • SF: Author's Choice 3 (1971)
  • The Astounding-Analog Reader, Volume One (1972) (with Brian Aldiss) (later split into two paperbacks: The Astounding-Analog Reader, Book 1 & The Astounding-Analog Reader, Book 2)
  • Ahead of Time (1972)
  • Best SF: 1971 (1972) (vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 5) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Nova 2 (1972)
  • The Astounding-Analog Reader, Volume Two (1973) (with Brian Aldiss) (only one edition; NOT the same book as The Astounding-Analog Reader, Book 2 above)
  • Astounding: John W. Campbell Memorial Anthology (1973) (vt, The John W. Campbell Memorial Anthology)
  • Best SF: 1972 (1973) (vt, The Year's Best S.F. 1972) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Nova 3 (1973) (vt, The Outdated Man)
  • A Science Fiction Reader (1973) (with Carol Pugner)
  • Best SF: 1973 (1974) (abr vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 7) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Nova 4 (1974)
  • SF: Author's Choice 4 (1974)
  • Best SF: 1974 (1975) (abr vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 8) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Decade: The 1940s (1975) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Hell's Cartographers: Some Personal Histories of Science Fiction Writers (1975) (with Brian Aldiss) (memoirs by SF writers)
  • Science Fiction Novellas (1975) (with Willis E. McNelly)
  • Best SF: 1975, The Ninth Annual (1976) (vt, The Year's Best Science Fiction No. 9) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Decade: The 1950s (1976) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • Decade: The 1960s (1977) (with Brian Aldiss)
  • There Won't Be War (1991) (with Bruce McAllister)


  1. ^ Inkpot Award
  2. ^ a b c Martin, Douglas (August 17, 2012). "Harry Harrison, a Prolific Writer of Satiric Science Fiction, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Meikle, James (August 15, 2012). "Death of Harry Harrison, science fiction author, aged 87". The Guardian. London. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  4. ^ "PASSINGS: Harry Harrison, Nellie Gray". Los Angeles Times. August 17, 2012. Archived from the original on August 21, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Priest, Christopher (August 15, 2012). "Harry Harrison obituary". The Guardian. London. Retrieved June 4, 2022.
  6. ^ a b c Von Ruff, Al. "Harry Harrison - Summary Bibliography". Internet Speculative Fiction Database. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  7. ^ Harry Harrison at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (ISFDB). Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  8. ^ "Alfred Bester". Library of America. Archived from the original on September 22, 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  9. ^ Gaughan, Gavin (August 25, 2012). "Harry Harrison: Writer of sci-fi novels who created the popular anti-hero the Stainless Steel Rat". The Independent. Archived from the original on May 9, 2022. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  10. ^ Robertson, Adi (August 16, 2012). "Harry Harrison, author of 'Deathworld' and the book that inspired 'Soylent Green,' dies at 87". The Verge. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Debucquoy-Dodley, Dominique; Chris Kokenes (August 15, 2012). "Sci-fi writer Harry Harrison, whose book inspired movie 'Soylent Green,' dies at 87". CNN. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  12. ^ "Harry Harrison, 1925-2012". Tor Books. August 2012. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  13. ^ Philmus, Robert M. (November 1984). "Notes and Correspondence". Science Fiction Studies. 11 (3) (34). Greencastle, Indiana: DePauw University. ISSN 0091-7729. Retrieved October 5, 2012.
  14. ^ The Years Best Science Fiction at The Official Harry Harrison Website, accessed March 2, 2012
  15. ^ Decade series at The Official Harry Harrison Website, accessed March 2, 2012
  16. ^ "Harrison, Harry" Archived October 16, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index to Literary Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  17. ^ "Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame". Mid American Science Fiction and Fantasy Conventions, Inc. Retrieved April 25, 2012. This was the official website of the hall of fame to 2004.
  18. ^ "Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master" Archived July 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (SFWA). Retrieved April 4, 2013.
  19. ^ Harry Harrison News Blog, June 6, 2008.
  20. ^ "Pseudonyms". Archived from the original on August 5, 2011.
  21. ^ Annual Report of the Board of Education of the City of Waterbury for the Year 1921. The Heminway Press. 1922. p. 118.
  22. ^ Tomlinson, Paul; Harrison, Harry (April 1, 2002). Harry Harrison: An Annotated Bibliography. Wildside Press LLC. p. 15. ISBN 978-1-58715-401-0.
  23. ^ Interview with Harry Harrison in Moscow
  24. ^ Hammer, Joshua (2006). Yokohama Burning: The Deadly 1923 Earthquake and Fire that Helped Forge the Path to World War II. Simon and Schuster. p. 242. ISBN 9780743264655.
  25. ^ Schneiderman, Harry, ed. (1922). The American Jewish Year Book 5683 (PDF). The Jewish Publication Society of America. p. 162.
  26. ^ Jewish Telegraph Agency (p. 233)
  27. ^ Yale University Alumni Biographies (Meyer Wolf, p. 233)
  28. ^ Max Kirjassoff Biography
  29. ^ Asimov, Isaac (1979). In Memory Yet Green, The Autobiography of Isaac Asimov, 1920-1954. Doubleday. pp. 614, 620.
  30. ^ a b "The Hydra Club by Harrison". Archived from the original on April 26, 2017. Retrieved August 20, 2012.
  31. ^ Ley, Willy (June 1961). "The Strait Named After Vitus Bering". For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. pp. 37–51.
  32. ^ mentioned in his obituary, issued as the association's Press Release no. 469.
  33. ^ The Official Harry Harrison Website, accessed August 15, 2012
  34. ^ "One King's Way". Iol.ie. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  35. ^ Slade, Joseph W. (2000). Pornography and Sexual Representation: A Reference Guide, Volume 2. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. p. 527. Harry Harrison identifies the sexy illustrations and magazine covers that helped to build an American audience for science fiction in Great Balls of Fire! A History of Sex in Science Fiction Illustration.
  36. ^ Briefly reviewed by Peter Heck in the June 2015 issue of Asimov's Science Fiction, pp.107–111.

External links[edit]

Biography and criticism
Bibliography and works