Harry Järv during World War II
27 March 1921
|Died||21 December 2009
|Resting place||Korsholm old cemetery|
|Occupation||librarian, author, translator|
Harry Järv (27 March 1921 – 21 December 2009) was a Finland Swedish librarian, author and translator. He was a lieutenant ranked veteran of World War II. By his political views Järv was an anarcho-syndicalist.
Early years and wartime
Järv was born in a farmer's family in Western Finnish municipality of Korsholm. After graduating from high school in Vaasa Järv went to sea at the age of 18. As the Winter War broke out on November 1939 he enlisted in the Finnish Army as a volunteer. Later at World War II Järv was a platoon leader in the 61st Infantry Regiment that consisted almost exclusively of Swedish-speaking Finns. He was a member of patrol unit, leading recon and combat patrols behind the enemy lines. On September 1943 Järv was seriously wounded by a landmine and he spent rest of the war at Saint Göran Hospital in Stockholm.
Järv carried a camera through the war and took a plenty of pictures that were later published in his books. The 2004 Finnish war film Beyond the Front Line is based on Järv's diaries. In 1945 Järv helped his former superior Alpo Marttinen flee Finland to Sweden, although Järv said he didn't like Marttinen as a person. Colonel Marttinen, who later joined the United States Army, was involved with the Weapons Cache Case.
After the war was over, Järv received a scholarship from Uppsala University and moved to Sweden where he spent the rest of his life. Järv had a great interest in reading and collecting books since his childhood. Järv's personal library had more than 14,000 copies. He worked as a librarian and later as a deputy director at the National Library of Sweden.
In 1973 Järv was awarded an Honorary degree by Uppsala University. He was also a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Letters, History and Antiquities. Järv wrote and translated more than 50 books as well as dozens of articles in various publications. His own books were mostly an essay collections of Ancient history, politics and philosophy. Järv was the Editor-in-chief in Swedish culture magazines Horisont, Radix and Fenix and was known as an eminent expert on Franz Kafka.
Järv was first introduced to anarchist ideas as a teenager by the books of Peter Kropotkin. On his time at the sea Järv was influenced by Finnish syndicalist Niilo Wälläri who was the leader of Finnish Seamen’s Union. During the war Järv suited anarchist ideas on his role as a platoon leader. Järv treated his men equally to himself and the decisions were made democratically. This often led to conflicts with his superior officers and Järv was considered as "unmilitary". In 1952 Järv joined the Swedish anarcho-syndicalist union SAC and started writing articles in its newspaper Arbetaren.
- Svenska Akademiens översättarpris – 1969
- Elsa Thulins översättarpris – 1976
- Lotten von Kræmers pris – 1986
- Längmanska kulturfondens pris – 2001
- Kellgrenpriset – 2007
- Nikolaj Leskov och det ryska samhället (1950)
- Kritik av den nya kritiken (1953)
- Klassisk horisont (1960)
- Introduktion till Kafka (1962)
- Vreden som brann hos peliden Achilleus (1962)
- Varaktigare än koppar (1962)
- Betydande böcker från vå regen tid (1966)
- Läsarmekanismer (1971)
- Frihet jämlikhet konstnärskap (1974)
- Ezra Pound, Litterära essäer (1975)
- Victor Svanberg (1976)
- Tycke och smak (1978)
- Konst och kvalitet (1979)
- Enfald eller mångfald (1982)
- Den svenska boken 500 år (1983)
- Vinghästen (1984)
- Trollkarl eller lärling, Atlantis (1986)
- Den "goda tvåans" paradoxala hemlighet (1991)
- Kunskapens träd (1991)
- Om judiska bidrag till svensk kultur (1992)
- Aktualiteter i historiskt perspektiv (1995)
- Prometheus' eld (1998)
- Åsikter och avsikter (2002)
- Oavgjort i två krig (2006)
- Harry Järv Obituary (in Finnish). Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- "Suomenruotsalainen sotasankari – ja anarkisti" (in Finnish). Kapinatyöläinen. 1997. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- WWII in Color – Lieutenant Harry Järv (in English). Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- "Kunskapstörstig Järv läste läxan i fält" (in Swedish). Dagens Nyheter. 4 March 2004. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
- Libris (in Swedish). Retrieved 4 July 2013.