Harry Luman Russell
|Harry Luman Russell|
March 12, 1866|
|Died||April 11, 1954
|Cause of death||stroke|
|Resting place||Poynette, Wisconsin|
|Nationality||United States of America|
|Alma mater||University of Wisconsin
Johns Hopkins University
|Notable credit(s)||Pasteurization of milk, cold curing of cheese,|
|Spouse(s)||Hannah May Delany, Suzanne Cocroft 1932 Washington D.C.|
|Children||Gertrude Estelle 1895
Eldon Babcock 1900
|Parent(s)||E. Fred Russell
Lucinda E. Waldron
Harry Luman Russell (March 12, 1866 – April 11, 1954) was an American bacteriologist and educator.
Born in the village of Poynette, Wisconsin, the son of country doctor E. Fred Russell and his wife Lucinda E. Waldron, he attended Poynette High School before matriculating to the University of Wisconsin in 1884. Following his graduation with a B.S in 1888, he undertook graduate studies in Biology and received his M.S. in 1890. He went to Europe for further study under Robert Koch and Louis Pasteur; first at the University of Berlin, then at the Zoological Station in Naples, and finally at the Pasteur Institute in Paris. Returning to the U.S., he attended Johns Hopkins University, where he was awarded a Ph.D. in 1892 with a thesis titled Bacteria in their Relation to Vegetable Tissue.
He became a fellow at the University of Chicago in 1892, then joined the faculty of the University of Wisconsin the following year as an assistant professor. On December 20, 1893, he was married to Hannah May Delany; the couple would have four children; Gertude Estelle, Eldon Babcock, Donald died at age 9mo, and "baby" died close to birth, years unknown. He became full Professor in 1896. In 1903, he was named director of the Wisconsin state hygienic laboratory and became Dean of the University of Wisconsin College of Agriculture in 1907, succeeding William Arnon Henry. In 1931, he stepped down from his post as Dean when was named director of the University of Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation.
Russell was a charter member of the American Society for Microbiology and was named its president in 1908. He also served as the president of the Wisconsin tuberculosis sanitaria advisory board, chaired the American Banker's Association agriculture advisory committee, and president of the American Association of Land Grant Colleges and Universities. Among his scientific investigations was a method for more thorough pasteurization of milk, the cold curing of cheese, and tuberculin testing of cows. He demonstrated that canned vegetables could be preserved without harm by cooking them within the can.
- Herringshaw, Thomas William, ed. (1907), Herringshaw's American Statesman and Public Official Yearbook, Chicago: American Publishers' Association, p. 472.
- Fred, E. B. (August 1954), "Harry Luman Russell 1866–1954", Journal of Bacteriology, 68 (2): 133–134, PMC , PMID 13183917.
- Bailey, Liberty Hyde, ed. (1918), Rural uplook service, 1, Ithaca, New York, p. 240.
- Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. (1900), The University of Wisconsin: its history and its alumni, with historical and descriptive sketches of Madison, Madison, Wisconsin: J. N. Purcell, p. 333.
- Winslow, C.-E. A. (June 1950), "Some Leaders and Landmarks in the History of Microbiology", Bacteriological Reviews, 14 (2): 99–114, PMC , PMID 15426616.
- Works by Harry Luman Russell at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Harry Luman Russell at Internet Archive
- Ockerbloom, John Mark (ed.), "Search results: Harry Luman Russell", Online Books Page, University of Pennsylvania, retrieved 2013-08-02.
- Alexander, A. S. (1935), "A history of the Wisconsin Agricultural Experiment Station. Part II: the directorship of Harry Luman Russell: 1907-1930", The State of Wisconsin Collection, University of Wisconsin, retrieved 2013-08-04.