Harry Neal Baum
|Harry Neal Baum|
|Born||December 18, 1889
Aberdeen, South Dakota, U.S.
|Died||June 7, 1967(aged 77)|
(m. 1942–67; his death)
|Parent(s)||L. Frank Baum
|Relatives||Matilda Joslyn Gage (maternal grandmother)
Frank Joslyn Baum (brother)
Roger S. Baum (grandnephew)
Baum, who received a Ph.D. in medieval history, wrote a number of history books for children. He worked in several advertising companies and ghostwrote the 1917 novel Mary Louise Solves a Mystery to satisfy his ill father's publishing obligations.
Raised in Chicago, Baum was born in Aberdeen, South Dakota, on December 18, 1889, to Maud Gage and L. Frank Baum. The third son of L. Frank Baum, the author of The Wonderful Wizard of Oz, he was named "Harry Neal Baum" to honor Harry Baum and Hattie and William Neal, L. Frank Baum's brother, sister, and brother-in-law, respectively. His brothers were Frank Joslyn, Robert Stanton, and Kenneth Gage.
Baum received a Ph.D. in medieval history and wrote three history books for children and articles about his father. He coauthored with Olive Beaupre Miller the Book of History, a 1929 four-volume work published by The Bookhouse for Children. He served as a vice president of Burson-Marsteller. He worked as an advertising manager at Fairbanks-Morse before being employed at Gebhardt & Brockson, a Chicago-based advertising company.
The Wizard of Oz and personal life
L. Frank Baum dedicated his 1902 novel The Life and Adventures of Santa Claus to Harry. Because of L. Frank Baum's deteriorating health in 1917, he was unable to fulfill his obligations to his publishers. Therefore, Harry ghostwrote the 1917 novel Mary Louise Solves a Mystery, which was part of The Bluebird Books series, mimicking his father's style.
In 1944, Harry starred as President Woodrow Wilson in the play The Time to Come produced by the Little Theater of Western Springs. He stated that he considered acting to be only a hobby. He had seen the opening production of The Wizard of Oz, which had been written by his father. Baum also served as the host of a number of annual meetings held by The International Wizard of Oz Club. At the 1964 convention, he awarded a gold plaque, the annual club's annual Oz award, to its founder Justin Schiller who had established the club when he was thirteen years old.
Baum retired to Bass Lake, Indiana, at which he managed the Wizard of Oz lodge. Upon his death, on June 7, 1967, he was survived by his wife, Brenda. He was also survived by sons Richard and Henry and daughters Ann and Judith, as well as 11 grandchildren.
- "Services Set for H. N. Baum, Author's Son: Father Wrote Famous 'Wizard of Oz'". Chicago Tribune. 1967-06-09. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
- Schwartz 2009, p. 149
- Abrams & Zimmer 2010, p. 44
- Bohnett & Buzz 2001, p. 116
- "Harry Neal Baum". The International Wizard of Oz Club. Archived from the original on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- Rogers 2003, p. 181
- "Harry N. Baum". Chicago Tribune. 1947-02-16. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- Sweet, Oney Fred (1944-02-20). "Tells How Dad Wrote 'Wizard of Oz' Stories". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 2010-11-28.
- Rogers 2003, p. 221
- Cromie, Robert (1964-06-30). "Report on Convention of Ozites". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-12-27. Retrieved 2010-12-27.
- Morena 2001, p. 179
- Abrams, Dennis; Zimmer, Kyle (2010). L. Frank Baum. New York: Infobase Publishing. ISBN 1-60413-501-8.
- Bohnett, Brian J.; Brown, Buzz (2001). Them was the days!: Edgar Rice Burroughs and the History of the Michigan Military Academy. Holt, Michigan: Mad Kings Pub. ISBN 0-9712181-0-2.
- Morena, Gita Dorothy (2001). The Wisdom of Oz: Reflections of a Jungian Sandplay Therapist. Berkeley: Frog Books. ISBN 0-547-05510-2.
- Rogers, Katherine M. (2003). L. Frank Baum, Creator of Oz. New York: Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81297-5.
- Schwartz, Evan I. (2009). Finding Oz: how L. Frank Baum discovered the Great American story. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 0-547-05510-2.