Harry Ord

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Major General The Honourable
Sir Harry Ord
In his official attire as Governor of Western Australia
Governor of Straits Settlements
In office
Preceded by Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh
Succeeded by Sir Andrew Clarke
10th Governor of Western Australia
In office
Preceded by Sir William Robinson
Succeeded by Sir William Robinson
Personal details
Born (1819-08-04)4 August 1819
North Cray, Kent, England
Died 20 August 1885(1885-08-20) (aged 66)
Homburg, Germany
Spouse(s) Lady Julia Graham of Exmouth
Religion Christian

Major General Sir Harry St. George Ord GCMG CB (4 August 1819 – 20 August 1885) was a British colonial administrator who served as governor of Bermuda, the Straits Settlements and Western Australia.

Education and career[edit]

Ord was the son of Henry Gough Ord and grandson of Craven Ord (1756–1832) of Greenstead Hall, Essex, a prominent antiquarian. He was educated at the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich, (1835–1837). He served in the Royal Engineers, (1837–1856), principally in the West Indies, West Africa, and the Anglo-French to the Baltic (1854), during the Crimean War.

Ord later held many important colonial posts, including:

Governor of Straits Settlements[edit]

The official picture of Sir Harry Ord as the Governor of the Straits Settlements

Sir Harry Ord, whom the second Colonial Office appointed in 1867 as the Governor of the Straits Settlements, was at first given no instructions regarding the Colony's relations with the Malay States. He was unpopular in the Straits Settlements, but was an ambitious and energetic man, who was ready to do what he could to restore order and promote trade in the Peninsula. Conditions in Malaya at that time were extremely unsettled. The quarrels of the Malays were intensified by feuds between competing groups of Chinese miners, and the links of the Chinese with the British settlements threatened to involve these too in the trouble. After some experience of negotiating with Malays and Siamese, Ord worked out a policy under which he proposed to share the supervision of the Peninsula between Britain and Siam. This policy was disapproved by the Colonial Office, and Ord was directed to abstain from all interference in the affairs of the Malay States.


He married Julia Graham of Exmouth daughter of Admiral James Carpenterin in 1846 by whom he had three sons. Sir Harry Ord died on 20 August 1885 from heart attack. He is buried in the churchyard of St. Martin's parish church in Fornham St. Martin, Suffolk, England.

The Ord River in the Kimberley region of Western Australia was named in his honour.

Government offices
Preceded by
Freeman Murray
Governor of Bermuda
Succeeded by
William Munroe
Preceded by
Sir William Orfeur Cavenagh
Governor of Straits Settlements
Succeeded by
Sir Andrew Clarke
Preceded by
Sir William Robinson
Governor of Western Australia
Succeeded by
Sir William Robinson


  • Colonial Office List, various list, DNB
  • One Hundred Years of Singapore (1819)
  • C.D. Cowan, Nineteenth Century Malaya: The Origins of British Political Control, (1961)

External links[edit]

See also[edit]