Harry Stewart New

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Harry New
HSNew.jpg
48th United States Postmaster General
In office
March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929
PresidentWarren G. Harding
Calvin Coolidge
Preceded byHubert Work
Succeeded byWalter Brown
United States Senator
from Indiana
In office
March 4, 1917 – March 3, 1923
Preceded byJohn W. Kern
Succeeded bySamuel M. Ralston
Chair of the Republican National Committee
In office
1907–1908
Preceded byGeorge B. Cortelyou
Succeeded byFrank Hitchcock
Personal details
BornHarry Stewart New
(1858-12-31)December 31, 1858
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
DiedMay 9, 1937(1937-05-09) (aged 78)
Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.
Resting placeCrown Hill Cemetery
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Katherine Virginia Milligan
Catherine McLean Brown
Children1
RelativesJohn New (Father)
EducationButler University
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
RankCaptain
Battles/warsSpanish-American War

Harry Stewart New (December 31, 1858 – May 9, 1937) was a U.S. politician, journalist, and Spanish–American War veteran. He served as Chairman of the Republican National Committee, a United States Senator from Indiana, and United States Postmaster General.

Biography[edit]

Senator New broadcasting a radio speech on March 30, 1922.
Postmaster General New viewing a solar eclipse on January 24, 1925.

Harry Stewart New was born in Indianapolis, Indiana on December 31, 1858, the son of John C. New and his wife, Melissa (Beeler) New. His father served as Treasurer of the United States and his uncle, Jeptha D. New, was a U.S. Representative. He attended Butler University before going to work with the Indianapolis Journal where he was a reporter, editor, part owner, and publisher from 1878 to 1903. He served in the Indiana State Senate from 1896 to 1900 and served in the Spanish–American War as captain and assistant adjutant general of the 7th Army Corps. He was a member of the Republican National Committee from 1900 to 1912, serving as chairman from 1907 to 1908, and later engaged in the stone quarrying and construction business.

New got back into politics when he was elected to the United States Senate in 1916, defeating incumbent John W. Kern. In the Senate, he served as chairman of the Committee on Territories and the Committee on Territories and Insular Possessions. He was also a "wet" or an anti-prohibitionist, and in August 1919 introduced early legislation proposing an independent United States Air Force.

In late March 1922, New became the first senator to use radio in his campaign—at that time, broadcasting a political speech was not widely done by candidates.[1] His speech was transmitted by a U.S. Navy station, NOF in Washington, D.C., which immediately caused a complaint by Democrats about a government station being used for partisan purposes. This in turn quickly led to a ban on further use of the station for political activities.[2]

New was defeated by Albert J. Beveridge for renomination in 1922 who lost the general election to Samuel M. Ralston. He was then appointed Postmaster General in the cabinet of President Warren G. Harding in 1923 and was reappointed by Calvin Coolidge in 1925.

After the end of the Coolidge Administration, New retired from active business pursuits and resided in Washington, D.C.. In 1933, he was appointed a United States Commissioner to the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago, Illinois. He died in Baltimore, Maryland, on May 9, 1937, and was interred in Crown Hill Cemetery in Indianapolis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Will Campaign by Radio." Lexington KY Herald, 30 March 1922, p. 1
  2. ^ "Denby Bars Political Speeches From All Naval Radio Stations", New York Tribune, April 9, 1922, page 9.

External links[edit]

  • United States Congress. "Harry Stewart New (id: N000059)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Harry Stewart New at Find a Grave
Party political offices
Preceded by
George B. Cortelyou
Chair of the Republican National Committee
1907–1908
Succeeded by
Frank Hitchcock
First Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Indiana
(Class 1)

1916
Succeeded by
Albert J. Beveridge
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
John W. Kern
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Indiana
1917–1923
Served alongside: James Eli Watson
Succeeded by
Samuel M. Ralston
Political offices
Preceded by
Hubert Work
United States Postmaster General
1923–1929
Succeeded by
Walter Brown
Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Mackenzie King
Cover of Time Magazine
16 February 1925
Succeeded by
Owen D. Young