|Born: April 7, 1874|
|Died: February 20, 1944 (aged 69)|
|August 12, 1899, for the Louisville Colonels|
|Last MLB appearance|
|August 23, 1899, for the Louisville Colonels|
|Earned run average||6.12|
He began his professional career with the Carlisle Colts and Chambersburg Maroons of the independent Cumberland Valley League in 1896. His best season in the minors was in 1899 when he had a record of 21-10 in 32 games for the Lancaster Maroons of the Atlantic League. While he was in the minors, he played a variety of positions. In addition to pitching as he did in the major leagues, he also played shortstop, left field and right field. His last season in the minor leagues was with the Albany Senators of the class B New York State League in 1903.
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