Harsh Vardhan (Delhi politician)

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Harsh Vardhan
Dr Harsh Vardhan.png
Minister of Health and Family Welfare
Assumed office
31 May 2019
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byJ. P. Nadda
In office
26 May 2014 – 9 November 2014
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byGhulam Nabi Azad
Succeeded byJagat Prakash Nadda
Minister of Science and Technology
Assumed office
9 November 2014
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byJitendra Singh
Minister of Earth Sciences
Assumed office
9 November 2014
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byJitendra Singh
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
In office
27 May 2017 – 24 May 2019
Prime MinisterNarendra Modi
Preceded byAnil Madhav Dave
Succeeded byPrakash Javadekar
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Chandni Chowk
Assumed office
16 May 2014
Preceded byKapil Sibal
Majority1,36,320 (13.88%)
Member of the Delhi Legislative Assembly
for Krishna Nagar
In office
1993 – 16 May 2014
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byS. K. Bagga
Personal details
Born (1954-12-13) 13 December 1954 (age 64)
Delhi, India
Political partyBharatiya Janata Party
ResidenceNew Delhi
Alma materGanesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College, Kanpur University
ProfessionOtolaryngologist, politician
WebsiteHarsh Vardhan Official Website

Harsh Vardhan is the incumbent minister at Ministry of Science & Technology (India), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Earth Sciences in the BJP-led NDA government of Prime Minister Narendra Modi. He represents Chandni Chowk in Delhi as a Member of Parliament in the 17th Lok Sabha. He was also the Chief Ministerial candidate for the BJP in the 2013 Delhi assembly election.

Early life[edit]

Harsh Vardhan was born in Delhi to Om Prakash Goel and Sneh Lata.[1] Vardhan finished his schooling from Anglo Sanskrit Victoria Jubilee Senior Secondary School, Daryaganj, in 1971. He attended Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi Memorial Medical College, Kanpur, where he graduated in 1979 with a Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery. He earned his Master of Surgery in Otorhinolaryngology from the same college in 1983.[2][3] Harsh Vardhan has been a member of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh since childhood.[4]

Political career[edit]

In 1992, he was elected as a member of the Delhi Assembly representing Krishna Nagar.[5] He was appointed as the State Minister of Health and Minister of Law for Delhi.[6] He later became the state Minister of Education in 1996.[7] Vardhan has been re-elected from the same constituency in the 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013 elections.[8][9][10][11]

State Minister of Health[edit]

Harsh Vardhan as the State Minister of Health in 1994 oversaw the successful implementation of the pilot project of the Pulse Polio Programme which involved the mass immunisation of 1 million children up to the age of 3 in Delhi.[12] In 1995, this programme was launched nationwide leading to 88 million children being immunised.[13] On 28 March 2014, India was declared polio-free by the WHO, as there had been no reported cases for three years.[14]

In 1997, the Delhi Prohibition of Smoking and Non-Smokers Health Protection Act was passed in the Delhi assembly which was one of the first anti-tobacco laws implemented by any state government.[15] The act applied across the NCT of Delhi. It prohibited smoking in places of public work or use for example hospitals, restaurants, and educational institutions and in public service vehicles. It also prohibited the sale of smoking substances such as tobacco and beedis to anyone below the age of eighteen. Smoking products could not also be sold or stored within 100 metres of any educational institution. Under the provisions of the act, fines would be applied to anyone who contravened the law and they could potentially be ejected from places of public use by the police.[16]

2013 Delhi Assembly elections[edit]

On 23 October 2013, Vardhan was named the Chief Minister candidate for Delhi Assembly elections by the BJP.[17] After the 2013 elections, BJP emerged as the single largest party winning 31 out of the 70 seats in the Fifth Legislative Assembly of Delhi. However, they fell short of an absolute majority so were unable to form the government.[18]

2014 Lok Sabha election[edit]

Harsh Vardhan contested the Chandni Chowk seat in Delhi where he defeated the incumbent Union Cabinet Minister of Law and Justice, Kapil Sibal of the Indian National Congress.[19] He was also appointed in the Cabinet of India as Minister of Health and Family Welfare on 26 May 2014.[20][21] In May 2017, he was given the additional charge of Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change following the death of Minister Anil Madhav Dave.[22]

2019 Lok Sabha election[edit]

Harsh Vardhan contested the Chandni Chowk seat in Delhi where he defeated Congress candidate Jai Prakash Agarwal by a margin of 2,28,145 votes. While Vardhan received 52.94 votes, runner-up Agarwal polled 29.67 votes[23]. On 30 May 2019, Harsh Vardhan was sworn in as a cabinet minister in Prime Minister Narendra Modi's second term government. He is put in charge of the Minister of Health and Family Welfare, Minister of Science and Technology and Minister of Earth Sciences.[24][25]

Awards and honours[edit]

Harsh Vardhan has received the following awards and recognitions:[26]

  • IMA President's Special Award of Appreciation by the Indian Medical Association in 1994.
  • Director-General's Polio Eradication Champion Award Commendation Medal by the World Health Organization in 1998.
  • Polio Eradication Champion Award by the Rotary International in 2001.
  • "Doctor of the last Decade" (Swastha Ratna) by Indian Medical Association's New Delhi branch in 2002.


At the 105th Indian Science Congress in March 2018, after the death of legendary British scientist Stephen Hawking, Vardhan wrongly claimed that Hawking had said that the Vedas postulated a theory superior to Albert Einstein's theory of relativity, despite the fact that there is no record of Hawking having made the statement.[27][28][29]

In 2019, after the Health Effects Institute released a scientific report estimating 1.2 million annual deaths in India due to air pollution, Vardhan denied the results, arguing that this report was intended to create panic.[30]

Personal life[edit]

Harsh Vardhan is married to Nutan, and they have two sons and a daughter.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "List of Members – Dr. Harsh Vardhan". Delhiassembly.nic.in. Legislative Assembly of Delhi. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
  2. ^ "A profile of BJP leader Harsh Vardhan". Hindustan Times. 20 October 2013. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Dr. Harsh Vardhan – Affidavit Regarding Assets/Liabilities". Election Commission of India. p. 7. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  4. ^ a b "About me – Profile". Drharshvardhan.com. Archived from the original on 4 September 2013. Retrieved 28 August 2013.
  5. ^ 1993 Election Commission of India
  6. ^ "Dr. Harsh Vardhan Biography". elections.in. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  7. ^ "Harshvardhan is new Delhi BJP president". The Times of India. 19 February 2014. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ 1998 Election Commission of India
  9. ^ 2003 Election Commission of India
  10. ^ 2008 Election Commission of India
  11. ^ "Page Not Found". Archived from the original on 2 January 2014.
  12. ^ T Jacob-John; VM Vashishta (May 2013). "Eradicating poliomyelitis: India's journey from hyperendemic to polio-free status". Indian Journal of Medical Research. 137 (5): 881–94. PMC 3734678. PMID 23760372.
  13. ^ "From 200,000 to zero: the journey to a polio free India" (PDF). UNICEF. 22 February 2012. p. 8. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  14. ^ "India and 10 other Asian countries declared polio free". The Guardian. 28 March 2014.
  15. ^ "Smoking fine may go up in Delhi". The Times of India. 11 January 2008.
  16. ^ "The Delhi Prohibition of Smoking and Non-Smokers Health Protection Act, 1996" (.doc). Indian Railways. Retrieved 12 June 2014.
  17. ^ "BJP trusts Dr Harsh Vardhan as its chief ministerial candidate for Delhi". The Economic Times. 23 October 2013.
  18. ^ "BJP rejects offer to form govt". The Tribune. Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  19. ^ "Constituencywise-All Candidates". Election Commission of India.
  20. ^ "Modi's complete cabinet: Jaitley gets Finance, Smriti Human Resources". Firstpost. 27 May 2014.
  21. ^ Live, India (26 May 2014). "PM Modi announces list of cabinet ministers with portfolios". IndiaLive.today.
  22. ^ "Harsh Vardhan gets additional charge of Environment Ministry". The Hindu Business Line. 18 May 2017. Retrieved 18 May 2017.
  23. ^ https://www.indiatvnews.com/news/india-dr-harsh-vardhan-mp-chandni-chowk-lok-sabha-seat-523691
  24. ^ "ENT Surgeon, Dr. Harsh Vardhan Appointed Union Health Minister in Modi Government 2.0". Medical Dialogues. 31 May 2019. Retrieved 31 May 2019.
  25. ^ "PM Modi allocates portfolios. Full list of new ministers", Live Mint, 31 May 2019
  26. ^ "Biography of Dr Harsh Vardhan, BJP's CM Candidate for Delhi". Bihar Prabha. 21 October 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
  27. ^ Vardhan, Dr Harsh (16 March 2018). "#ISC2018 –Each and every custom and ritual of Hinduism is steeped in science; every modern Indian achievement is a continuation of our ancient scientific achievement. Even Stephen Hawking said, our Vedas might have a theory superior to Einstein's law E=MC2. @moefcc @IndiaDSTpic.twitter.com/QP9PbLElCd". @drharshvardhan. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  28. ^ Koshy, Jacob (16 March 2018). "Stephen Hawking said Vedas had a 'theory' superior to Einstein's thesis, says Harsh Vardan". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  29. ^ "Vedas superior to Einstein's Theory of Relativity? Union Minister Harsh Vardhan falls for fake information on social media". India Today. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  30. ^ "Minister Harsh Vardhan disagrees with reports on pollution deaths, claims it was released to create panic". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 8 May 2019.
Lok Sabha
Preceded by
Kapil Sibal
Member of Parliament
for Chandni Chowk

2014 – present
Succeeded by
Political offices
Preceded by
Ghulam Nabi Azad
Minister of Health and Family Welfare
26 May 2014 – 9 November 2014
Succeeded by
Jagat Prakash Nadda
Preceded by
Jitendra Singh
Minister of Science and Technology
9 November 2014 – present
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Anil Madhav Dave
Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
18 May 2017 – present
Succeeded by

External links[edit]