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Harsiesi (? – 130 BC) was an ancient Egyptian rebel against the rule of Ptolemy VIII Physcon of the Ptolemaic Dynasty.


Probably the same person of "Harsiesi, son of Paious" (Paious meaning "Enemy of the gods"), he was arguably the last native Egyptian to call himself "Pharaoh", although ruling only on the southern part of Upper Egypt and only for a brief period.[2]

Taking advantage of the civil war between Ptolemy VIII and his sister Cleopatra II,[3] Harsiesi captured Thebes in the summer of 131 BC and likely assumed pharaonic titles, although only his nomen is known, Ḥr-sA-Js(t ) sA-Wsjr, meaning "Harsiesi, son of Osiris" (literally "Horus-son-of-Isis, son of Osiris"), as reported on the demotic papyrus Karara 1, 2. Ptolemy's forces recaptured the city in November of the same year, yet Harsiesi led the rebellion until his death, likely occurred in September 130 BC.[2]


  1. ^ von Beckerath, Jürgen (1999), Handbuch der Agyptischer Königsnamen, Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz, p. 246
  2. ^ a b Bennett, Chris. "Harsiesi". Tyndale House. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  3. ^ "Ptolemy VIII Physcon". Livius.org. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  • Véïsse, A.-E. (2004). "Les "révoltes égyptiennes": Recherches sur les troubles intérieurs en Égypte du règne de Ptolémée III Évergète à la conquête romaine". Studia Hellenistica. 41.