Hartford, Kentucky

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Hartford, Kentucky
Ohio County Courthouse in Hartford
Ohio County Courthouse in Hartford
Location of Hartford in Ohio County, Kentucky.
Location of Hartford in Ohio County, Kentucky.
Coordinates: 37°27′1″N 86°54′7″W / 37.45028°N 86.90194°W / 37.45028; -86.90194Coordinates: 37°27′1″N 86°54′7″W / 37.45028°N 86.90194°W / 37.45028; -86.90194
CountryUnited States
SettledFort Hartford, 1790[1]
IncorporatedHartford, 1808
Named fora deer crossing in the Rough River[2]
 • MayorGeorge Chinn
 • Total2.6 sq mi (6.7 km2)
 • Land2.6 sq mi (6.7 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
417 ft (127 m)
 • Total2,672
 • Estimate 
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)270 & 364
FIPS code21-35020
GNIS feature ID0493841

Hartford is a home rule-class city[4] in Ohio County, Kentucky, in the United States. It is the seat of its county.[5] The population was 2,672 at the 2010 census.

The former two-year Hartford College existed on East Union Street at the site of the current Ohio County School Board administrative office.


Hartford is located at 37°27′1″N 86°54′7″W / 37.45028°N 86.90194°W / 37.45028; -86.90194 (37.450415, -86.902026).[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2), all land.


The town was initially part of a 4000-acre grant from Virginia to Gabriel Madison. The area was surveyed in 1782[7] and settled before 1790. Fort Hartford (also known as Hartford Station) grew up around the head of navigation on the Rough River. It initially faced Indian attacks but was named the seat of Ohio County the year after its formation in 1798 in exchange for a grant of land from Mr. Madison. The post office was established as Hartford Court House in 1801[8] and the settlement was formally incorporated by the state assembly in 1808.[2]

The town's second courthouse was burned during the Civil War by Confederate Gen. Hylan B. Lyon on December 20, 1864.[7]

The town was finally connected to the L&N network in 1909.[7]


Historical population
Census Pop.
Est. 20182,740[3]2.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 2,571 people, 1,079 households, and 684 families residing in the city. The population density was 989.5 people per square mile (381.8/km²). There were 1,165 housing units at an average density of 448.4 per square mile (173.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.81% White, 1.40% African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.86% of the population.

There were 1,079 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.8% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.6% were non-families. 33.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.1% under the age of 18, 10.0% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,958, and the median income for a family was $32,083. Males had a median income of $31,020 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,542. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 23.1% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Ramsey Carpenter, Miss Kentucky 2014, competitor for the title of Miss America 2015
  • James and Virgil Earp – brothers of Old West lawman Wyatt Earp
  • William Smeathers – well known frontiersman, Smeathers served on first grand jury of Court of Quarter Sessions at Hartford, 1803; credited as the first settler of Yellow Banks, now Owensboro and cited on Kentucky historical marker #1548 in Hartford.
  • Charles Courtney Curran (1861–1942), an American painter born in Hartford, particularly known for his depiction of women in various settings. Curran studied at both the Fine Arts Academy of Cincinnati, the New York National Academy of Design, and the Academia Jullian in Paris and died in New York City.


The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hartford has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[11]


Hartford has a lending library, the Ohio County Public Library.[12]


  1. ^ "Hartford, Kentucky".
  2. ^ a b Commonwealth of Kentucky. Office of the Secretary of State. Land Office. "Hartford, Kentucky". Accessed 29 July 2013.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved December 7, 2019.
  4. ^ "Summary and Reference Guide to House Bill 331 City Classification Reform" (PDF). Kentucky League of Cities. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  7. ^ a b c The Kentucky Encyclopedia, pp. 416–417. "Hartford". University Press of Kentucky (Lexington), 1992. Accessed 30 July 2013.
  8. ^ Rennick, Robert M. (1987). Kentucky Place Names. University Press of Kentucky. p. 133. Retrieved 28 April 2013.
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  11. ^ "Hartford, Kentucky Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase.
  12. ^ "Kentucky Public Library Directory". Kentucky Department for Libraries and Archives. Archived from the original on 11 January 2019. Retrieved 7 June 2019.

External links[edit]