Hartford Union Station

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Hartford
Central section of Hartford Union Station, December 2017.JPG
Hartford Union Station in December 2017
Location One Union Place
Hartford, Connecticut
United States
Coordinates 41°46′08″N 72°40′54″W / 41.76889°N 72.68167°W / 41.76889; -72.68167Coordinates: 41°46′08″N 72°40′54″W / 41.76889°N 72.68167°W / 41.76889; -72.68167
Owned by Greater Hartford Transit District
Line(s) New Haven–Springfield Line
Platforms 1
Tracks 1
Train operators Hartford Line and Amtrak
Bus stands 15
Bus operators CTtransit Hartford
CTfastrak
Greyhound Lines
Peter Pan Bus Lines
Construction
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Station code HFD (Amtrak)
History
Opened 1889
Rebuilt 1914, 1987
Traffic
Passengers (FY2017) 127,805[1]Decrease 7.8%
Services
Preceding station   BSicon LOGO Amtrak2.svg Amtrak   Following station
New Haven–Springfield Shuttle
toward Springfield
Northeast Regional
Vermonter
toward St. Albans
ConnDOT
CTfastrakTerminus
Hartford Line
toward Springfield
Proposed
Hartford Union Station
Location Union Place, Hartford, Connecticut
Area 3 acres (1.2 ha)
Built 1889
Architect Keller, George
Architectural style Other, Richardsonian Romanesque
NRHP reference # 75001932
Added to NRHP November 25, 1975
Location
Hartford is located in Connecticut
Hartford
Hartford
Location within Connecticut

Hartford Union Station is the main train station in Hartford, Connecticut, United States. The historic station building is near the State Capitol Building. It is a Richardsonian Romanesque building designed by George Keller, executed by Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge and built in 1889. A 1914 fire required a rebuild; the interior was renovated in 1987.[2] It has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places since 1975.

It is served by Amtrak's New Haven–Springfield Line which branches off from the Northeast Corridor in New Haven. Of the 12 Connecticut stations served by Amtrak, Hartford was the third busiest in fiscal year 2017.[1]

Building[edit]

The station entrance
Station interior

The station is located on the western edge of downtown Hartford, on a three-acre (1.2 ha) block between Union Place and Spruce Street on the east and west and Church and Asylum streets to the north and south.[3] Opposite the main building on Union Place are a mixture of other old buildings and parking lots. To the west is a triangular parking lot and the viaduct carrying Interstate 84 and U.S. Route 6, which curves around the north of the station as well. Across Asylum on the south is Bushnell Park, also listed on the Register.

The main building is located between the tracks and Union Place. It is a three-story rectangular building in rough-faced Portland brownstone with two smaller, similarly shaped two-story wings on the north and south. The main building has a flat roof; the wings are gabled and tiled, with dormer windows piercing them at regular intervals.[3]

On the east (front) facade, a wide set of steps rises to the main entrance, beneath a flat hood at the springlines of three of the large segmental arches that run across the first story. Above these is a stylized floral molded course. The second story has similar but smaller segmental arches set with a recessed panel and four-pane windows. The central bay has "1914" carved into its panel; all others are blank. The two wings have four-pane rectangular windows.[3]

At the station level were originally four tracks (currently one) divided by a middle platform. Two sets of iron roofs create a train shed. On the wall side those roofs are supported by spiral-shaped iron brackets. In the middle columns and simple curved iron brackets support the trusses that hold up the shed roof.[3]

The interior has been remodeled since the station was rebuilt. It is a mostly open area with stairs along the west wall leading up to the elevated tracks and benches along the east. Flooring is red tile. There are offices on the north and south; some look out over the main space.

History[edit]

The station in 1912

The station was built in 1889, and served the Hartford and New Haven Railroad, Central New England Railway, Hartford and Connecticut Valley Railroad (all of which were acquired by the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad) and the New York and New England Railroad, but the entire structure had to be rebuilt after a fire in 1914.[2] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places as "Hartford Union Station" in 1975.[4]

The station is currently served by one track and a side platform. The second track and platform were removed by Amtrak in the 1990s to reduce maintenance costs and because the underlying structure is no longer strong enough to support more than one train at a time. A 260-foot (79 m) section of the platform was converted to high level for accessible boarding as part of the Hartford Line project. It features a 29-inch (740 mm)-wide hinged edge that can be flipped up to allow wide freight trains to pass. The new platform opened on August 4, 2016.[5][6]

The I-84 Hartford Project may require realigning the highway and rail line, in which case new platforms would be constructed on the new alignment, though Union Station would continue to be used for ticketing and waiting area. The state released a slate of 5 options - some just west of the current station, others slightly to the south - in October 2017. A decision on which option will be built is expected in early 2018.[7]

Services[edit]

Amtrak[edit]

A Shuttle at Hartford in 2005

Hartford is situated midway along the New Haven–Springfield Line, a non-electrified branch of the electrified Northeast Corridor. Amtrak operates three services through Hartford, with a total of about sixteen trains per day in each direction. The Northeast Regional and Vermonter run through from Washington, D.C. or points in Virginia, with an engine change at New Haven. The New Haven–Springfield Shuttles connect with other Northeast Regionals in New Haven also.

Hartford Line[edit]

Hartford Line commuter rail service started on June 16, 2018, stretching from New Haven to Springfield, with a possible shuttle bus connection in Windsor Locks for Bradley International Airport.[8]

CTfastrak[edit]

Union Station serves as the northeastern terminus for CTfastrak, a bus rapid transit system operating between the station and Downtown New Britain station in New Britain in central Connecticut. Operated by Connecticut Transit, CTfastrak opened on March 28, 2015, after fifteen years of planning and three years of construction. Five local and four express routes operate along the busway and over on-street loops in downtown Hartford.[9]

Buses and shuttles[edit]

CTTransit's Hartford Division provides bus service to the station on a variety of routes, including lines 30, 60, 62, 64, 66, 72, 74, 76, 82, 83, 84, 101, 102, 128, 950, and DASH.

Other providers at Union Station are Greyhound, Peter Pan, and Connecticut Limo.[10][11][12][13]

See also[edit]

Flag of Connecticut.svg Connecticut portal P parthenon.svg Architecture portal P train.svg Trains portal HistoricPlacesNationalRegisterPlaque.JPG National Register of Historic Places portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Amtrak Fact Sheet, FY2017, State of Connecticut" (PDF). Amtrak. November 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018. 
  2. ^ a b "Union Station History". Retrieved April 25, 2018. 
  3. ^ a b c d Clouette, Bruce; National Register of Historic Places nomination, Hartford Union Station; National Park Service; July 9, 1975, retrieved April 9, 2011.
  4. ^ "Asset Detail: Hartford Union Station". National Park Service. Retrieved April 25, 2018. 
  5. ^ "O&G Completes Upgrades to Hartford's Union Station". High Profile. August 3, 2016. Retrieved August 4, 2016. 
  6. ^ "Construction Progresses at Hartford Line Stations" (PDF). NEW HAVEN - HARTFORD - SPRINGFIELD RAIL PROGRAM NEWSLETTER. Connecticut Department of Transportation: 2. Fall 2016. 
  7. ^ Gosselin, Kenneth (October 30, 2017). "Options Emerge For New Hartford Train Station As Part Of I-84 Reconstruction". Hartford Courant. Retrieved November 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "CTrail Hartford Line Rail Service Scheduled to Launch June 16; Commemorative Inaugural Event to be Held Friday, June 15" (Press release). Connecticut Department of Transportation. April 17, 2018. Retrieved April 17, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Despite Snow, Thousands of Riders, Many First-Timers, Experience CTfastrak on First Day of Service" (Press release). Connecticut Department of Transportation. March 28, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Hartford, CT Bus Station". Greyhound. 
  11. ^ "Bus Stops". Megabus. 
  12. ^ "Hartford". Peter Pan. 
  13. ^ Connecticut Limo https://ctlimo.com/.  Missing or empty |title= (help)

External links[edit]