Hartland MacDougall

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Hartland MacDougall
Hartland MacDougall.png
MacDougall in 1898
Born (1876-03-10)March 10, 1876
Montreal, QC, Canada
Died April 28, 1947(1947-04-28) (aged 71)
Position Goaltender,
Played for Montreal Victorias
Playing career 1894–1899

Hartland Brydges MacDougall (March 10, 1876 – April 28, 1947) was a Canadian ice hockey player and businessman. MacDougall was generally regarded as one of the most versatile players of the pre-NHL era of the sport. He initially played the position of goaltender but ended his career playing point. After hockey, he became a stockbroker and was one of the partners of MacDougall, MacDougall and MacTier,[1] a prominent investment firm in Montreal. In 1976 he was made an honoured member in the Canada Sports Hall of Fame.[2]

Personal life[edit]

Born in Montreal, Quebec, MacDougall, was the son of George Campbell MacDougall, Chairman of the Montreal Stock Exchange, and Grace Brydges, daughter of Charles John Brydges. Between his father and two of his uncles they founded the Montreal Stock Exchange in 1874.[3] Hartland MacDougall was a first cousin of Brigadier John H. Price, O.B.E., M.C., son of Sir William Price of Quebec City. His aunt, Mrs Hartland St. Clair MacDougall, was the sister of Lady Allan and Mrs Andrew Allan. Hartland was educated at Bishop's College School and Bishops University in Canada.[4]

Hartland MacDougall married Edith Reford, a daughter of Robert Wilson Reford, Sr., and the sister of Robert Wilson Reford who married Elsie Reford, granddaughter of George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen. They were the parents of three sons and two daughters. Their eldest son, Hartland Campbell MacDougall, married Dorothy, the eldest daughter of Lt.-Colonel Herbert Molson (1875–1938) M.C., C.M.G., President of the Molson Brewery. Dorothy (Molson) MacDougall was the niece of Percival Molson, one of Hartland's team-mates on the Montreal Victorias, and the sister of Senator Hartland Molson, who succeeded his father to the Presidency of the Molson Brewery. The MacDougall's second son, Robert Reford MacDougall, married Margaret Meredith Cape, the daughter of Lt.-Colonel Edmund Graves Meredith Cape, whose mother was a first cousin of the already mentioned Frederick Edmund Meredith.

Sporting career[edit]

MacDougall played ice hockey while at Bishop's College School, where he played with future Victorias team-mates Ernie McLea and Robert MacDougall (unrelated). The three played with the Montreal Victorias during their famous Stanley Cup runs of the late 1890s. He is credited for being a member of four Stanley Cup winning teams (1895, 1896, 1897 and 1898). He typically played goaltender and point. Beginning his career as a goaltender in 1894, his success only came as a result of playing defence. Near the end of his career he was on a defence pairing with Hall of Famer Mike Grant but would eventually leave hockey at the end of the 1898 season. He was also a member of the Montreal Amateur Athletic Association, playing football as a star fullback.

By the early 1900s, MacDougall had joined an investment firm and made a name for himself as a business entrepreneur. This did not mean he gave up sports. MacDougall excelled at polo and won many national championships before retiring completely from sports in 1928 after a stroke.[2]

In 1919, MacDougall was the founding president of the Quebec Amateur Hockey Association. According to Andy O'Brien of the Montréal Star, in 1957 he was regarded as second only to Lionel Conacher as national all time, all-round athlete. In 1976, he was made a member of the Canada's Sports Hall of Fame.

A. McDougall[edit]

Summary from January 14 Globe and mail showing H.Macdougall as goalie not A.Macdougall

Various sources list three MacDougalls winning the 1895 Stanley Cup with the Montreal Victorias; A. MacDougall, Hartland MacDougall, and Robert MacDougall.[5] Though details of Robert and Hartland are amply recorded in various texts available in literature, further information of A. MacDougall is inherently absent. The known information of A. MacDougall is that he is credited as playing for the Montreal Victorias on January 12, 1895 in a 5-1 victory against the Ottawa HC.[5] However, newspaper evidence such as that shown on the right indicate that Hartland MacDougall actually played this game.[6] In 1895, Hartland played goal three times for the Montreal Victorias between January 12, 1895 and January 26, 1895.[7][8] He was subsequently replaced in goal by Robert Jones after his second loss of the season (a 5-0 loss to Montreal) on January 26, 1895. It is only in Coleman's Trail of the Stanley Cup and works based on Trail, that MacDougall is recorded as playing two games instead of three.[5] The mystery of A. MacDougall runs deep as additionally the team cutlist indicated that Hartland was scheduled to be a starting goalie prior to the season beginning.[9]

Business career[edit]

MacDougall's career did not only encompass sports. About the time that he began his hockey career in 1894 he began a financial career at the Bank of Montreal.[10] Fellow team mate Robert MacDougall (unrelated) would join him there shortly after.[11] In 1899 He left the Bank of Montreal and resigned from Hockey to join C. Meredith and Company becoming a partner. The senior partner, Charles Meredith, was a cousin of Fred Meredith, who had served as president of the Montreal Victorias for three of Hartland's Stanley Cups. Hartland gained membership to the Montreal Stock Exchange and developed his financial skills, becoming governor in 1909. By 1914 he would become Chairman. In 1914, however, his life would change from business to war. Soon after war was declared, he enlisted in the British regiment. By May 1915, he was sent overseas fighting in the Third Canadian division in France until the end of the war.[10] Hartland received several promotions during the war and came home a Major.

MacDougall returned to Canada in 1918, shortly after his uncle died. In the later part of 1920, Hartland resigned from C. Meredith and Company and was offered to take over the family investment business. He did so, and made Robert MacDougall his business partner, renaming the firm MacDougall and MacDougall. As a financier, MacDougall was involved in the creation of the Montreal Forum and director of the Canadian Arena Company. He would help found the Montreal Maroons in 1926.[2] Hartland would run MacDougall and MacDougall into World War II, when his sons would eventually take over.[1] The firm is still in existence today as MacDougall, MacDougall and MacTier.


  • Coleman, Charles (1966). Trail of the Stanley Cup, vol. 1. 
  • Ferrabee, James; Harrison, Michael (2009). Staying Connected: How MacDougall Family Traditions Built a Business Over 160 Years. 
  • Wood, Col. William, ed. (1931). The Storied Province of Quebec Past and Present. Toronto: Dominion Publishing Company, Limited. 
  1. ^ a b "3Macs: Our History". MacDougall, MacDougall & McTier. 
  2. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "3Macs thrives by keeping it in the family (IE:TV)". Investment Executive. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  4. ^ Canadian Men & Women of the Time 1912" Ed. Henry James Morgan, Toronto, William Briggs, Richmond St. W., 1912
  5. ^ a b c Coleman 1966.
  6. ^ Globe and mail January 13th 1895 edition
  7. ^ Globe and Mail January 14, 1895 edition
  8. ^ The Metropolitan January 26 edition 1895
  9. ^ The Metropolitan October 14 edition 1894
  10. ^ a b Wood 1931.
  11. ^ "1896 Montreal Victorias Reclaim Stanley Cup In Challenge - Eyes On The Prize". Habseyesontheprize.com. Retrieved 2014-02-05.