Hartlepool (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Hartlepool in Cleveland.
Location of Cleveland within England.
|Electorate||70,010 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Iain Wright (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Durham|
|European Parliament constituency||North East England|
The seat is currently coterminous with the borough of Hartlepool, which has close to the average population for a UK parliamentary constituency. The seat includes the town of Hartlepool itself and the nearby villages of Hart, Elwick, Greatham, Newton Bewley and Dalton Piercy. Before 1974 the seat was known as The Hartlepools (reflecting the representation of both 'old' Hartlepool and West Hartlepool).
The constituency had previously substantially been in the constituency of The Hartlepools. It became the constituency of Hartlepool in 1974.
Since its creation Hartlepool has been a Labour constituency, although its predecessor did have Conservative MPs both in the early 1960s and during the Second World War. In the 1992 general election, Edward Leadbitter stood down and was succeeded by the former Labour Director of Communications Peter Mandelson. Mandelson's pivotal role in the reshaping of the Labour Party into New Labour has attracted much attention and he has become a prominent target. During the first term of office of the Labour government he was twice appointed to the Cabinet and twice forced to resign amid controversial small scandals. In the 2001 general election, there was a prominent contest when the former leader of the National Union of Mineworkers and current leader of the Socialist Labour Party, Arthur Scargill stood, hoping to exploit uneasiness about "New Labour" in the traditional Labour heartlands. In the event, Mandelson held his seat, while Scargill polled only 912 votes. Mandelson shocked many with a highly triumphalist victory speech in which he declared "They underestimated Hartlepool, and they underestimated me, because I am a fighter and not a quitter!".
The following year, the town's first direct Mayoral election generated surprise when the mascot of Hartlepool United F.C., H'Angus the Monkey (real name Stuart Drummond) was elected on a platform that included free bananas for schoolchildren.
Mandelson quit his role as MP for Hartlepool when he was appointed as a European Commissioner in the summer of 2004. This triggered a by-election that took place on 30 September 2004. The Hartlepool by-election was the last before the 2005 general election. Iain Wright retained the seat for Labour. That by-election marked the first time that the United Kingdom Independence Party had ever come third in a by-election. Labour have continued to hold the seat since the by-election, and at the three most recent elections, three different parties have come second - the Liberal Democrats in 2005 (following their strong performance in the by-election the previous year), the Conservatives in 2010, and UKIP - going one better than their by-election showing - in 2015. In 2015, UKIP recorded their eleventh highest vote share in the UK in Hartlepool, taking 28% and reducing the Labour majority to just over 3,000.
Members of Parliament
|Election||Member||Political party||Offices held|
|1992||Peter Mandelson||Labour||Secretary of State for Northern Ireland (11 October 1999 – 24 January 2001),
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry (27 July 1998 – 23 December 1998),
Minister without Portfolio (2 May 1997 – 27 July 1998)
|2004 by-election||Iain Wright||Labour||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for 14–19 Reform and Apprenticeships (9 June 2009 – 11 May 2010)|
Elections in the 2010s
|General Election 2015: Hartlepool|
|Save Hartlepool Hospital||Sandra Allison||849||2.1||+2.1|
|Liberal Democrat||Hilary Allen||761||1.9||-15.2|
|General Election 2010: Hartlepool|
|Liberal Democrat||Reg Clark||6,533||17.1||−13.3|
Elections in the 2000s
|General Election 2005: Hartlepool|
|Liberal Democrat||Jody Dunn||10,773||30.4||+15.4|
|Socialist Labour||Frank Harrison||373||1.1||+0.8|
|Monster Raving Loony||Headbanger (Sausage Supremo) Headbanger||162||0.5|
|By-election 2004: Hartlepool|
|Liberal Democrat||Jody Dunn||10,719||34.2||+19.2|
|National Front||Jim Starkey||246||0.8|
|Independent (Fathers 4 Justice)||Peter Watson||139||0.4|
|Socialist Labour||Christopher Herriot||95||0.3||−2.1|
|Common Good||Rev Dick Rodgers||91||0.3|
|Monster Raving Loony||Alan Hope||80||0.3|
|Independent (Rainbow)||Ronnie Carroll||45||0.1|
|English Democrats||Ed Abrams||41||0.1|
|General Election 2001: Hartlepool|
|Conservative||Gus Alberto Robinson||7,935||20.9||−0.5|
|Liberal Democrat||Nigel Boddy||5,717||15.0||+1.0|
|Socialist Labour||Arthur Scargill||912||2.4||N/A|
|Independent||Ian John Henry Cameron||557||1.5||N/A|
|Independent||John Richard Booth||424||1.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1990s
|General Election 1997: Hartlepool|
|Liberal Democrat||Reginald Clark||6,248||14.1||+0.8|
|Referendum Party||Maureen Henderson||1,718||3.9|
|General Election 1992: Hartlepool|
|Conservative||Graham M. Robb||18,034||34.9||+1.0|
|Liberal Democrat||Ian John Henry Cameron||6,860||13.3||−0.8|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Hartlepool|
|Conservative||Peter Charles Catchpole||17,007||33.9||-5.3|
|SDP–Liberal Alliance||Arthur Preece||7,047||14.1||-1.3|
|Independent||Ian John Henry Cameron||1,786||3.6|
|General Election 1983: Hartlepool|
|Social Democratic||N. Bertram||7,422||15.3||+8.6|
Elections in the 1970s
|General Election 1979: Hartlepool|
|General Election October 1974: Hartlepool|
|General Election February 1974: Hartlepool|
Notes and references
- As with all constituencies, Harlepool elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Hartlepool". BBC News. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- "UK > England > North East > Hartlepool". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 10 May 2010.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010.