Hartmut Jahreiß

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Hartmut Jahreiß
Residence Heidelberg, Germany
Fields astronomy
Institutions Astronomisches Rechen-Institut
Alma mater University of Heidelberg
Known for Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars
Influences Wilhelm Gliese

Hartmut Jahreiß (born 1942) is a German astronomer associated with Astronomisches Rechen-Institut specializing in the study of nearby stars.


Hartmut Jahreiß obtained his Ph.D from the University of Heidelberg. His thesis was on the spatial distribution, kinetics and age of stars near the Sun.[1] Jahreiß soon began work at Astronomisches Rechen-Institut with Wilhelm Gliese, a world-renowned authority on nearby stars. Jahreiß is best known for his collaboration with Gliese on the publication of new editions of the Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars in 1979[2] and 1991.[3] Upon the death of Gliese in 1993, Jahreiß wrote Gliese's obituary.[4] The Gliese catalog stars are now known by the abbreviation GJ (Gliese–Jahreiß) in recognition of Jahreiß's contribution.

Jahreiß remains very active in the cataloging and study of nearby stars, preparing the new Hipparcos catalogs,[5] among other activities. In 1997, as a member of the Research Consortium on Nearby Stars (RECONS), he identified GJ 1061, at a distance of just 3.68 parsecs, as the 20th closest star to Earth.[6]

The main-belt asteroid, 9861 Jahreiss (1991 RB3), is named in his honor.


  1. ^ Jahreiß, H. (1974). Die räumliche Verteilung, Kinematik und Alter der sonnennahen Sterne. Diss. Naturwiss. Gesamtfakultät Ruprecht-Karl Univ. Heidelberg, 3 + 96 p. (in German). Bibcode:1974PhDT........59J. 
  2. ^ Gliese, W.; Jahreiß, H. (1979). "Nearby Star Data Published 1969-1978". Astronomy & Astrophysics Supplement Series. 38: 423–448. Bibcode:1979A&AS...38..423G. 
  3. ^ Gliese, W.; Jahreiß, H. (1991). "Preliminary Version of the Third Catalogue of Nearby Stars". In L.E. Brotzmann; S.E. Gesser. The Astronomical Data Center CD-ROM: Selected Astronomical Catalogs. I. Greenbelt, MD: NASA/Astronomical Data Center, Goddard Space Flight Center. Bibcode:1991adc..rept.....G. 
  4. ^ Hartmut Jahreiß. "Nachrufe : Wilhelm Gliese". Mitteilungen der Astronomischen Gesellschaft (in German). 77: 5–7. Bibcode:1994MitAG..77....5. 
  5. ^ Turon, C.; Egret, D.; Gomez, A.; Grenon, M.; et al. (October 1996). Hipparcos Input Catalogue, Version 2 (Turon+ 1993). Bibcode:1996yCat.1196....0T. 
  6. ^ Henry, Todd J.; Ianna, Philip A.; Kirkpatrick, J. Davy; Jahreiss, Hartmut (July 1997). "The solar neighborhood IV: discovery of the twentieth nearest star". Astronomical Journal. 114 (1): 388–395. Bibcode:1997AJ....114..388H. doi:10.1086/118482. 

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