Hartselle, Alabama

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Hartselle
The Hartselle Downtown Commercial Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 22, 1999.
The Hartselle Downtown Commercial Historic District was added to the National Register of Historic Places on April 22, 1999.
Nickname(s): 
The City of Southern Hospitality
Location of Hartselle in Morgan County, Alabama.
Location of Hartselle in Morgan County, Alabama.
Coordinates: 34°26′25″N 86°56′25″W / 34.44028°N 86.94028°W / 34.44028; -86.94028
CountryUnited States
StateAlabama
CountyMorgan
Established1870
Government
 • MayorRandy Garrison
Area
 • City16.52 sq mi (42.78 km2)
 • Land16.43 sq mi (42.57 km2)
 • Water0.08 sq mi (0.22 km2)  0.07%
 • Urban
1 sq mi (3 km2)
Elevation
676 ft (206 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • City14,255
 • Estimate 
(2018)[2]
14,425
 • Density877.70/sq mi (338.88/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
35640
Area code(s)256
FIPS code01-33448
GNIS feature ID0151802
Websitewww.hartselle.org

Hartselle is the second largest city in Morgan County, Alabama, United States, about 10 miles (16 km) south of Decatur, and is included in the Decatur Metropolitan Area, and the Huntsville-Decatur Combined Statistical Area.

As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population of the city was 14,255. Hartselle was founded in 1870 with the arrival of the South and North Alabama Railroad. It takes its name from George Hartsell, one of the railroad's owners. The post office opened in 1873. It was formally incorporated on March 1, 1875.[3] Most of the oldest buildings were destroyed by a disastrous fire in 1916.

Geography[edit]

Hartselle is located at 34°26′25″N 86°56′25″W / 34.44028°N 86.94028°W / 34.44028; -86.94028Coordinates: 34°26′25″N 86°56′25″W / 34.44028°N 86.94028°W / 34.44028; -86.94028 (34.440383, -86.940385).[4]

The city is located in the north central part of the state along Interstate 65, which runs from south to north through the easternmost parts of the city, with access from exits 325 and 328. Via I-65, Huntsville is 35 mi (56 km) northeast (with a connection to I-565), and Birmingham is 70 mi (113 km) south. U.S. Route 31 is the main north-south highway through the center of town, leading north 12 mi (19 km) to Decatur, the county seat of Morgan County, and southeast 20 mi (32 km) to Cullman. Alabama State Route 36, Main Street, is the main east-west route through downtown, leading northeast 23 mi (37 km) to Lacey's Spring and west 23 mi (37 km) to Moulton.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.9 square miles (39 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (39 km2) is land and 0.07% is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880226
1890596163.7%
190067012.4%
19101,374105.1%
19202,00946.2%
19302,2049.7%
19402,58417.2%
19503,42932.7%
19605,00045.8%
19707,35547.1%
19808,85820.4%
199010,79521.9%
200012,01911.3%
201014,25518.6%
Est. 201814,425[2]1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

At the 2000 census there were 12,019 people, 4,816 households, and 3,534 families living in the city. The population density was 809.0 people per square mile (312.3/km²). There were 5,170 housing units at an average density of 348.0 per square mile (134.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.25% White, 5.16% Black or African American, 0.63% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.33% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. 1.29% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6] Of the 4,814 households 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.6% were non-families. 24.4% of households were one person and 11.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.97.

The age distribution was 25.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.

The median household income was $40,461 and the median family income was $47,685. Males had a median income of $40,211 versus $24,124 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,727. About 6.6% of families and 8.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

At the 2010 census there were 14,255 people, 5,678 households, and 4,128 families living in the city. The population density was 956.7 people per square mile (370.3/km²). There were 6,076 housing units at an average density of 407.8 per square mile (157.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.5% White, 4.3% Black or African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Pacific Islander, 1.3% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. 2.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[7] Of the 5,678 households 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 24.4% of households were one person and 10.7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.97.

The age distribution was 25.4% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.2% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.2% 65 or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median household income was $47,306 and the median family income was $57,585. Males had a median income of $47,343 versus $28,855 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,746. About 9.4% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.8% of those under age 18 and 14.9% of those age 65 or over.

Public services[edit]

Hartselle is the host city of Lifeguard EMS-Morgan County. They serve the unincorporated part of Morgan County, as well as some suburbs of Decatur, and operate four ambulances.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2018 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 4, 2019.
  3. ^ on, Best Books (3 June 2018). Alabama; a Guide to the Deep South. Best Books on. ISBN 9781623760014. Retrieved 3 June 2018 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 6, 2013.
  6. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-05.

External links[edit]