Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport

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Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport logo.svg
Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Atlanta
OperatorAtlanta Department of Aviation
ServesAtlanta, Georgia, U.S.
LocationUnincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties; also Atlanta, College Park, and Hapeville, Georgia
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL1,026 ft / 313 m
Coordinates33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806Coordinates: 33°38′12″N 084°25′41″W / 33.63667°N 84.42806°W / 33.63667; -84.42806
Websitewww.atl.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
ATL is located in Metro Atlanta
ATL
ATL
Location of airport in Metro Atlanta
ATL is located in Georgia (U.S. state)
ATL
ATL
ATL (Georgia (U.S. state))
ATL is located in the United States
ATL
ATL
ATL (the United States)
ATL is located in North America
ATL
ATL
ATL (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
8L/26R 9,000 2,743 Concrete
8R/26L 9,999 3,048 Concrete
9L/27R 12,390 3,776 Concrete
9R/27L 9,000 2,743 Concrete
10/28 9,000 2,743 Concrete
Helipads
Number Length Surface
ft m
H1 52 17 Asphalt
Statistics (2019)
Total passengers110,531,300
Aircraft operations904,301
Total cargo (metric tons)639,276
Source: Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport[1]

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport (IATA: ATL, ICAO: KATL, FAA LID: ATL), also known as Atlanta Hartsfield–Jackson International Airport, Atlanta Airport, Hartsfield, or Hartsfield–Jackson, is the primary international airport serving Atlanta, Georgia. The airport is located seven miles (11 km) south of the Downtown Atlanta district. It is named after former Atlanta mayors William B. Hartsfield and Maynard Jackson.[2] ATL covers 4,700 acres (1,902 ha) of land and has five parallel runways.[3][2]

Hartsfield–Jackson is the primary hub of Delta Air Lines, and is a focus city for low-cost carriers Frontier Airlines and Southwest Airlines. With just over 1,000 flights a day to 225 domestic and international destinations, the Delta hub is the world's largest airline hub.[4][5] In addition to hosting Delta's corporate headquarters, Hartsfield–Jackson is also the home of Delta's Technical Operations Center, which is the airline's primary maintenance, repair and overhaul arm.[6]

The airport has international service within North America and to South America, Central America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. As an international gateway to the United States, Hartsfield–Jackson ranks seventh in international passenger traffic.[7] Many of the nearly one million annual flights are domestic flights; the airport is a major hub for travel in the southeastern region of the country. Atlanta has been the world's busiest airport by passenger traffic since 1998.[8]

The airport is mostly in unincorporated areas of Fulton and Clayton counties, but it spills into the city limits of Atlanta,[9] College Park,[10] and Hapeville.[11] The airport's domestic terminal is served by MARTA's Red and Gold rail lines.

History[edit]

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport's air traffic control tower
A line of automated and staffed ticketing counters for Delta, Atlanta's major tenant airline.
A hallway connecting Concourse B to Concourse A at Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport.
An Aerial view of Concourse C
A view of the International Concourse E and Control Tower at night

Hartsfield–Jackson began with a five-year, rent-free lease on 287 acres (116 ha) that was an abandoned auto racetrack named The Atlanta Speedway. The lease was signed on April 16, 1925, by Mayor Walter Sims, who committed the city to develop it into an airfield. As part of the agreement, the property was renamed Candler Field after its former owner, Coca-Cola tycoon and former Atlanta mayor Asa Candler.[12] The first flight into Candler Field was September 15, 1926, a Florida Airways mail plane flying from Jacksonville, Florida. In May 1928, Pitcairn Aviation began service to Atlanta, followed in June 1930 by Delta Air Service. Later those two airlines, now known as Eastern Air Lines and Delta Air Lines, respectively, would both use Atlanta as their chief hubs.[13] The airport's weather station became the official location for Atlanta's weather observations September 1, 1928, and records by the National Weather Service.[14]

It was a busy airport from its inception and by the end of 1930 it was third behind New York City and Chicago for regular daily flights with sixteen arriving and departing.[15] (In May 1931 Atlanta had four scheduled departures.) Candler Field's first control tower opened March 1939.[16] The March 1939 Official Aviation Guide shows fourteen weekday airline departures: ten Eastern and four Delta.[17]

In October 1940, the U.S. government declared it a military airfield and the United States Army Air Forces operated Atlanta Army Airfield jointly with Candler Field. The Air Force used the airport primarily to service many types of transient combat aircraft. During World War II the airport doubled in size and set a record of 1,700 takeoffs and landings in a single day, making it the nation's busiest in terms of flight operation. Atlanta Army Airfield closed after the war.[16]

In 1942[18] Candler Field was renamed Atlanta Municipal Airport and by 1948, more than one million passengers passed through a war surplus hangar that served as a terminal building. Delta and Eastern had extensive networks from ATL, though Atlanta had no nonstop flights beyond Texas, St. Louis, and Chicago until 1961. Southern Airways appeared at ATL after the war and had short-haul routes around the Southeast until 1979.

In 1957 Atlanta saw its first jet airliner: a prototype Sud Aviation Caravelle that was touring the country arrived from Washington, D.C.[citation needed] The first scheduled turbine airliners were Capital Viscounts in June 1956; the first scheduled jets were Delta DC-8s in September 1959. The first trans-Atlantic flight was a Delta/Pan Am interchange DC-8 to Europe via Washington starting in 1964; the first scheduled international nonstops were Eastern flights to Mexico City and Jamaica in 1971–72. Nonstops to Europe started in 1978 and to Asia in 1992–93.

Atlanta claimed to be the country's busiest airport, with more than two million passengers passing through in 1957 and, between noon and 2 p.m. each day, it became the world's busiest airport.[16] (The April 1957 OAG shows 165 weekday departures from Atlanta, including 45 between 12:05 and 2:00 PM (and 20 between 2:25 and 4:25 AM).) Chicago Midway had 414 weekday departures, including 48 between 12:00 and 2:00 PM. In 1957, Atlanta was the country's ninth-busiest airline airport by flight count and about the same by passenger count.[19]

That year work began on a $21 million terminal which opened May 3, 1961. It was the largest in the country and could handle over six million travelers a year; the first year nine and a half million people passed through.[20] In March 1962 the longest runway (9/27, now 8R) was 7,860 feet (2,400 m); runway 3 was 5,505 feet (1,678 m) and runway 15 was 7,220 feet (2,200 m) long.

In 1971 the airport was named William B. Hartsfield Atlanta Airport after former Atlanta mayor William B. Hartsfield, who had died that year. The name change took effect on February 28, which would have been Hartsfield's 81st birthday. Later that year, in recognition of the growth of the airport's international service, the name was renamed to the William B. Hartsfield Atlanta International Airport.[21]

The airport's terminal until the 1970s was off Virginia Avenue, on the north side of the airport. Six pier concourses radiated from a central building.[22] Construction began on the present midfield terminal in January 1977 under the administration of Mayor Maynard Jackson. It was the largest construction project in the South, costing $500 million. The complex was designed by Stevens & Wilkinson, Smith Hinchman & Grylls, and Minority Airport Architects & Planners.[23] The new terminal opened on September 21, 1980, on-time and under budget.[24] It was designed to accommodate up to 55 million passengers per year and covered 2.5 million square feet (230,000 m²). In December 1984 a 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fourth parallel runway was completed and another runway was extended to 11,889 feet (3,624 m) the following year.[16]

In 1999 Hartsfield–Jackson's leadership established the Development Program: "Focus On the Future" involving multiple construction projects with the intention of preparing the airport to handle a projected demand of 121 million passengers in 2015. The program was originally budgeted at $5.4 billion over a ten-year period, but the total is now revised to be at over $9 billion.[25]

In May 2001 construction of an over 9,000-foot (2,700 m) fifth runway (10–28) began. It was completed at a cost of $1.28 billion and opened on May 27, 2006.[26] It bridges Interstate 285 (the Perimeter) on the airport's south side, making Hartsfield–Jackson the nation's only currently active civil airport to have a runway above an interstate (although Runway 17R/35L at Stapleton International Airport in Denver, Colorado crossed Interstate 70 until that airport closed in 1995). The massive project, which involved putting fill dirt eleven stories high in some places, destroyed some surrounding neighborhoods and dramatically changed the scenery of Flat Rock Cemetery and Hart Cemetery, both of which are on the airport property.[27] It was added to help ease traffic problems caused by landing small- and mid-size aircraft on the longer runways used by larger planes such as the Boeing 777, which need longer runways than the smaller planes. With the fifth runway, Hartsfield–Jackson is one of only a few airports that can perform triple simultaneous landings.[28] The fifth runway is expected to increase the capacity for landings and take-offs by 40%, from an average of 184 flights per hour to 237 flights per hour.[29]

Along with the fifth runway, a new control tower was built to see the entire length of the runway. The new control tower is the tallest in the United States, over 398 feet (121 m) tall. The old control tower, 585 feet (178 m) away from the new one, was demolished August 5, 2006.[30]

On October 20, 2003, the Atlanta City Council voted to rename the airport Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport, to honor former mayor Maynard Jackson, who died June 23, 2003. The council planned to drop Hartsfield's name from the airport, but public outcry prevented this.[31][32]

In April 2007 an "end-around taxiway" opened, Taxiway Victor. It is expected to save an estimated $26 million to $30 million in fuel each year by allowing airplanes landing on the northernmost runway to taxi to the gate area without preventing other aircraft from taking off. The taxiway drops about 30 feet (9.1 m) from runway elevation to allow takeoffs to continue.[33]

After the Southeastern U.S. drought of 2007, the airport (the eighth-largest water user in the state) made changes to reduce water usage. This included adjusting toilets (725 commodes and 338 urinals) and 601 sinks. (The two terminals alone use 917,000 gallons or about 3.5 million liters a day.) It also stopped using firetrucks to spray water over aircraft when the pilot made a last landing before retirement (a water salute).[34][35] The city of Macon offered to sell water to the airport, through a proposed pipeline.[36]

The airport today employs about 55,300 airline, ground transportation, concessionaire, security, federal government, City of Atlanta, and airport tenant employees and is the largest employment center in Georgia. With a payroll of $2.4 billion, the airport has a direct and indirect economic impact of $3.2 billion on the local and regional economy and an annual, regional economic impact of more than $19.8 billion.[37] Since the opening of Concourse F in May 2012, the airport now has 192 gates which is the most at any airport.

In December 2015, the airport became the first airport in the world to serve 100 million passengers in a year.[38]

Historical airline service[edit]

Delta and Eastern dominated the airport during the 1970s. United, Southern, Piedmont, Northwest and TWA were also present.[39] In 1978, after airline deregulation, United no longer served Atlanta, while Southern successor Republic was the airport's third-largest carrier.[40]

Eastern was a larger airline than Delta until deregulation in 1978, but Delta was early to adopt the hub-and-spoke route system, with Atlanta as a hub between the Midwest and Florida, giving it an advantage in the Atlanta market. Eastern ceased operations in 1991 because of labor issues; American Airlines considered establishing an Atlanta hub around that time, but decided Delta was too strong there and instead replaced Eastern's other hub in Miami. TWA created a small hub at Atlanta in 1992 but abandoned the concept in 1994 leaving Delta with a monopoly hub at Atlanta.[41]

From the 1980s until Eastern's demise in 1991, Delta occupied Concourse A and part of Concourse B, Eastern occupied the remainder of Concourse B and Concourse C, other domestic airlines used Concourse D, and Concourse T was used by international flights.[42][43] By the mid-1990s, Delta's hub grew to occupy all of Concourse B and the southern half of Concourse T, and international flights moved to the new Concourse E.[44]

ValuJet was established in 1993 as low-cost competition for Delta at ATL. However, its safety practices were called into question early and the airline was grounded after the 1996 crash of ValuJet Flight 592. It resumed operations in 1997 as AirTran Airways and was the second-largest airline at ATL until it was acquired by Southwest in 2011 and absorbed into Southwest on December 28, 2014. Southwest is now the airport's second largest carrier.

Facilities[edit]

Runways[edit]

Atlanta has five runways, all parallel, aligned east–west. 8L/26R and 8R/26L are north of the terminal area and 9L/27R, 9R/27L, and 10/28 are south of it. From north to south the runways are:[2]

Runways 8R/26L and 9L/27R are used for departures as they're the closest to the mid-field terminals; this reduces the amount of fuel needed to taxi to the runway. Runway 10/28 is assigned to either arrivals or departures, depending on what airfield operations has prioritized.[45]

Terminal[edit]

The Transportation Mall. The portion between Concourse T and Concourse A includes the exhibit Zimbabwe Sculpture: a Tradition in Stone

Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport has terminal and concourse space totaling 6.8 million square feet (630,000 m2).[2] There are two terminals, the Domestic Terminal and the Maynard H. Jackson Jr. International Terminal, where passengers check in and claim bags.

The Domestic Terminal is on the western side of the airport. It is divided into two sides – Terminal South and Terminal North – for ticketing, check-in, and baggage claim. Delta is the sole tenant of Terminal South, while all other domestic airlines are located at Terminal North. The portion of the building between Terminal North and Terminal South includes the Atrium, which is a large, open seating area featuring concessionaires, a bank, conference rooms, an interfaith chapel and offices on the upper floors with the main security checkpoint, the Ground Transportation Center and a MARTA station on other levels.[46]

International flights arrive and depart from the international terminal, either concourse E or F, located on the eastern side of the airport. Concourse F and the new international terminal opened May 16, 2012, while concourse E opened in September 1994, in anticipation of the 1996 Summer Olympics. International pre-cleared flights can arrive at concourses T & A–D. International flights can also depart from concourses T and A–D, such as when space is unavailable at concourses E or F, or when an aircraft arrives as a domestic flight and continues as an international flight. Furthermore, all international pre-cleared flights, regardless of origin, will collect their baggage at the international terminal.

The 195 gates are located in seven concourses between the Domestic and International terminals. Concourse T is connected to the Domestic Terminal. The remaining six concourses from west to east are Concourses A, B, C, D, E, and F.[2] Concourses A–D and T are used for domestic flights, while Concourses E and F are used for international flights and some domestic flights when gates at T or A–D are not available, or when an aircraft arrives as an international flight and continues as a domestic flight. Concourse F is directly connected to the International Terminal, while Concourse E has a designated walkway to the International Terminal and also has its own Federal Inspection station for connecting passengers. Delta Air Lines has gates and Sky Club lounges in all concourses. American Airlines and United Airlines have an Admiral's Club and a United Club respectively in Concourse T.

  • Concourse T contains 17 gates
  • Concourse A contains 29 gates
  • Concourse B contains 32 gates
  • Concourse C contains 34 gates
  • Concourse D contains 40 gates
  • Concourse E contains 28 gates
  • Concourse F contains 15 gates
Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport gates

When the current passenger terminal opened in 1980, it consisted of only the domestic terminal, the north half of Concourse T (which housed international flights), and concourses A-D. Concourse E opened in 1994 for international flights in time for the 1996 Summer Olympics, which were held in Atlanta.[16] Once Concourse E was opened, Concourse T was converted to domestic use and the former U.S. Customs hall was converted into a dedicated baggage claim area for American Airlines. Concourse F and the International Terminal opened in 2012.

The terminals and concourses are connected by the Transportation Mall, a pedestrian tunnel with a series of moving walkways,[47] and The Plane Train, an automated people mover. The Plane Train has stations along the Transportation Mall at the Domestic Terminal (which also serves Concourse T), at each of the six other concourses (including concourse F which is connected to the International Terminal), and at the domestic baggage claim area. The Plane Train is the world's busiest automated system, with over 64 million riders in 2002.[47]

At one time, there was a second underground walkway between Concourses B and C that connected the north ends of the two concourses and made it possible to transfer without returning to the center of the concourse. This was constructed for Eastern Airlines, which occupied these two terminals. This walkway is now closed, and its entrance at Concourse B has been replaced by a bank of arrival/departure monitors.

Ground transportation[edit]

The domestic terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 85 at exit 72. The international terminal is accessed directly from Interstate 75 at exit 239. These freeways in turn connect with the following additional freeways within 10 miles: Interstate 285, Interstate 675, Georgia State Route 166, Interstate 20.

Hartsfield–Jackson has its own train station on the city's rapid transit system, MARTA. The above-ground station is inside in the main building, between the north and south domestic terminals on the west end. The Airport station is currently the southernmost station in the MARTA system, though expansion via metro or commuter rail further south into Clayton County have been discussed.[48]

The Hartsfield–Jackson Rental Car Center, which opened December 8, 2009, houses all ten airport rental agencies with capacity for additional companies. The complex features 9,900 parking spaces split between two four-story parking decks that together cover 2.8 million square feet (260,000 m2), a 137,000-square-foot (12,700 m2) customer service center, and a maintenance center featuring 140 gas pumps and 30 wash bays equipped with a water recovery system. An automated people mover, the ATL SkyTrain, runs between the rental car center, the Domestic Terminal, and the Gateway Center of the Georgia International Convention Center,[49] while a four-lane roadway that spans Interstate 85 connects the rental car center with the existing airport road network.[50]

Other facilities[edit]

990 Toffie Terrace hangar, former ExpressJet/Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquarters

The 990 Toffie Terrace hangar, a part of Hartsfield–Jackson Airport,[51] and located within the City of College Park corporate limits, is owned by the City of Atlanta.[10] The building now houses the Atlanta Police Department Helicopter Unit.[52][53] It once served as the headquarters of the regional airline ExpressJet.[54]

Before the merger, Atlantic Southeast Airlines headquartered in the hangar, then named the A-Tech Center.[55] In December 2007, the airline announced it was moving its headquarters into the facility, previously named the "North Hangar." The 203,000-square-foot (18,900 m2) hangar includes 100,000 square feet (9,300 m2) of hangar bays for aircraft maintenance. It has 17 acres (6.9 ha) of adjacent land and 1,400 parking spaces for employees. The airline planned to relocate 100 employees from Macon to the new headquarters. The Atlanta City Council and Mayor of Atlanta Shirley Franklin approved of the new 25-year ASA lease, which also gave the airline new hangar space to work on 15 to 25 aircraft in overnight maintenance; previously its aircraft were serviced at Concourse C. The airport property division stated that the hangar was built in the 1960s and renovated in the 1970s. Eastern Airlines and Delta Air Lines had previously occupied the hangar. Delta's lease originally was scheduled to expire in 2010, but the airline returned the lease to the City of Atlanta in 2005 as part of its bankruptcy settlement. The city collected an insurance settlement of almost $900,000 as a result of the cancellation.[51]

A VOR station, identified as ATL, is located on the airport property, slightly southwest of the center of runway 9R/27L.[56]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Air Canada Express Toronto–Pearson [57]
Air Choice One Jackson (TN) [58]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle [59]
Alaska Airlines Seattle/Tacoma [60]
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Washington–National [61]
American Eagle Charlotte, Miami, New York–LaGuardia, Philadelphia, Washington–National
Seasonal: Chicago–O'Hare
[61]
Boutique Air Greenville (MS), Muscle Shoals [62]
British Airways London–Heathrow [63]
Delta Air Lines Akron/Canton, Albany (NY), Albuquerque, Allentown, Amsterdam, Appleton, Aruba, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Austin, Baltimore, Belize City, Bermuda, Birmingham (AL), Bogotá, Bonaire, Boston, Brussels, Buenos Aires–Ezeiza, Buffalo, Burbank, Burlington (VT), Cancún, Cape Town1 (begins October 24, 2020),[64] Cartagena, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City (IA), Charleston (SC), Charleston (WV), Charlotte, Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Chicago–Midway, Chicago–O'Hare, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Colorado Springs, Columbia (SC), Columbus–Glenn, Cozumel, Dallas/Fort Worth, Dallas–Love, Dayton, Daytona Beach, Denver, Des Moines, Destin/Fort Walton Beach, Detroit, Düsseldorf, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Flint, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Frankfurt, Gainesville, Grand Cayman, Grand Rapids, Greensboro, Greenville/Spartanburg, Guadalajara, Guatemala City, Gulfport/Biloxi, Harrisburg, Hartford, Honolulu, Houston–Hobby, Houston–Intercontinental, Huntsville, Indianapolis, Jackson (MS), Jacksonville (FL), Johannesburg–O. R. Tambo, Kansas City, Key West, Kingston–Norman Manley, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lagos, Las Vegas, Lexington, Liberia (CR), Lima, Little Rock, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Louisville, Madison, Madrid, Managua, Melbourne (FL), Memphis, Mexico City, Miami, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Mobile, Montego Bay, Monterrey, Munich, Nashville, Nassau, Newark, New Orleans, Newport News, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Norfolk, Oakland, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Ontario (CA), Orange County, Orlando, Panama City (FL), Panama City–Tocumen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pensacola, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Portland (ME), Portland (OR), Providence, Providenciales, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Quito, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, Rio de Janeiro–Galeão, Roanoke, Roatán, Rochester (NY), Rome–Fiumicino, Sacramento, St. Louis, St. Lucia–Hewanorra, St. Maarten, St. Thomas, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (Costa Rica), San José del Cabo, San Juan, San Pedro Sula, San Salvador, Santiago de Chile, Santo Domingo–Las Américas, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Sarasota, Savannah, Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Shanghai–Pudong, Stuttgart, Syracuse, Tallahassee, Tampa, Tegucigalpa, Tokyo–Haneda, Toronto–Pearson, Tri-Cities (TN), Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach, White Plains, Wichita, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Anchorage, Antigua, Barcelona, Bozeman, Dublin, Eagle/Vail, Fargo, Green Bay, Grenada, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Kalispell, Manchester (NH), Milan–Malpensa, Missoula, Montréal–Trudeau, Montrose, Myrtle Beach, Palm Springs, Reno/Tahoe, St. Croix, St. Kitts, Venice, Zürich
[65][66]
Delta Connection Akron/Canton, Albany (GA), Alexandria, Allentown, Appleton, Asheville, Augusta (GA), Baton Rouge, Bloomington/Normal, Brunswick, Burlington (VT), Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Charleston (WV), Charlottesville, Chattanooga, Columbia (SC), Columbus (GA), Columbus (MS), Dothan, Evansville, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Fayetteville (NC), Fort Wayne, Gainesville, George Town/Exuma, Green Bay, Gulfport/Biloxi, Havana, Hilton Head, Jacksonville (NC), Key West, Knoxville, Lafayette, Lexington, Mobile, Moline/Quad Cities, Monroe, Montgomery, Montréal–Trudeau, Newport News, Roanoke, Rochester (MN), Shreveport, South Bend, Springfield/Branson, Tallahassee, Tri-Cities (TN), Tulsa, Valdosta, White Plains, Wilmington (NC)
Seasonal: Jackson (MS), Little Rock, Myrtle Beach, North Eleuthera, Traverse City
[65]
Frontier Airlines Cincinnati, Denver, Las Vegas, Long Island/Islip, Los Angeles, Miami, Newark, New York–LaGuardia, Orlando, Philadelphia, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Juan, Trenton
Seasonal: Austin, San Antonio, Tampa
[67]
JetBlue Boston, Fort Lauderdale, New York–JFK, Orlando [68]
KLM Amsterdam [69]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [70]
Lufthansa Frankfurt [71]
Qatar Airways Doha [72]
Southwest Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas–Love, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Greenville/Spartanburg, Houston–Hobby, Indianapolis, Jacksonville (FL), Kansas City, Las Vegas, Louisville (resumes December 17, 2020),[73] Memphis, Milwaukee, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oklahoma City (begins December 17, 2020),[73] Omaha (begins December 17, 2020),[73] Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Pittsburgh, Raleigh/Durham, Richmond, St. Louis, San Antonio, Tampa, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Charleston (SC), Los Angeles, Norfolk, Oakland, Panama City (FL), San Diego
[74]
Spirit Airlines Austin, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Newark, New Orleans, Orlando, Philadelphia, Tampa
Seasonal: Atlantic City
[75]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [76]
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, San Francisco, Washington–Dulles [77]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver, Houston–Intercontinental, Newark, Washington–Dulles [77]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow, Manchester (UK) [78]
WestJet Calgary [79]
Notes
  • ^1 : This Delta flight will operate via Johannesburg in a triangle route (ATL-JNB-CPT-ATL) as an addition to ATL-JNB routing. However, Delta does not plan to have rights to transport passengers solely between Cape Town and Johannesburg.

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aerologic Frankfurt
AirBridgeCargo Airlines[80] Amsterdam, Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Amazon Air Baltimore, Ontario
Asiana Cargo Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami
ASL Airlines Belgium Liège
CAL Cargo Air Lines Liège
Cargolux Chicago–O'Hare, Huntsville, Glasgow–Prestwick, Luxembourg, Los Angeles, New York–JFK, Seattle/Tacoma
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Hong Kong
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Dallas/Fort Worth, Miami, Taipei–Taoyuan
China Cargo Airlines Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Shanghai–Pudong
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Miami
EVA Air Cargo Anchorage, Osaka–Kansai, Taipei–Taoyuan
FedEx Express Fort Lauderdale, Fort Worth/Alliance, Greensboro, Indianapolis, Memphis, Miami, Newark
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Los Angeles, Miami, New York–JFK
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Manchester (UK), Miami[81]
Qatar Airways Cargo Anchorage, Doha, Houston–Intercontinental, Liège, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Pittsburgh
Turkish Airlines Cargo Istanbul–Atatürk, Shannon
UPS Airlines Columbia (SC), Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Miami, Philadelphia, San Juan

Statistics[edit]

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes from ATL
(May 2019 - April 2020)
[82]
Rank Airport Passengers Airlines
1 Orlando, Florida 1,308,000 Delta, Frontier, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
2 Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1,172,000 Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit
3 New York–LaGuardia, New York 1,047,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest
4 Los Angeles, California 977,000 American, Delta, Frontier, Southwest, Spirit
5 Tampa, Florida 946,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Frontier
6 Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas 825,000 American, Delta, Spirit
7 Boston, Massachusetts 806,000 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
8 Miami, Florida 789,000 American, Delta, Frontier
9 Denver, Colorado 780,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit, Frontier, United
10 Baltimore, Maryland 774,000 Delta, Southwest, Spirit
Busiest international routes from ATL (2016)[83]
Rank Airport Scheduled Passengers Carriers
1 Paris, France 849,736 Air France, Delta
2 Amsterdam, Netherlands 812,286 Delta, KLM
3 Cancún, Mexico 740,837 Delta, Southwest
4 London–Heathrow, United Kingdom 644,081 British Airways, Delta, Virgin Atlantic
5 Toronto–Pearson, Canada 547,882 Air Canada, Delta
6 Mexico City, Mexico 450,045 Delta
7 Punta Cana, Dominican Republic 389,304 Delta, Southwest
8 Montego Bay, Jamaica 356,408 Delta
9 Nassau, Bahamas 317,594 Delta
10 Frankfurt, Germany 291,450 Delta, Lufthansa

Airline market share[edit]

Largest Airlines at ATL (March 2019 - February 2020)[82]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 Delta Air Lines 69,313,000 72.86%
2 Southwest Airlines 8,809,000 9.26%
3 Endeavor Air 4,657,000 4.90%
4 American Airlines 2,775,000 2.92%
5 Spirit Airlines 2,684,000 2.82%

Annual traffic[edit]

Traffic by calendar year
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Cargo tonnage[84]
2000 78,092,940 Increase02.77% N/A 935,892
2001 80,162,407 Increase02.65% 915,454 865,991
2002 75,858,500 Decrease05.37% 890,494 735,796
2003 76,876,128 Increase01.34% 889,966 734,083
2004 79,087,928 Increase02.88% 911,727 802,248
2005 83,606,583 Increase05.71% 964,858 862,230
2006 85,907,423 Increase02.75% 980,386 767,897
2007 84,846,639 Decrease01.23% 976,447 746,502
2008 89,379,287 Increase05.34% 994,346 720,209
2009 90,039,280 Increase00.74% 978,824 655,277
2010 88,001,381 Decrease02.23% 970,235 563,139
2011 92,389,023 Increase03.53% 923,996 659,129
2012 94,956,643 Increase03.10% 952,767 684,576
2013 94,431,224 Decrease01.13% 911,074 616,365
2014 96,178,899 Increase01.85% 868,359 601,270
2015 101,491,106 Increase05.52% 882,497 626,201
2016 104,258,124 Increase02.73% 898,356 648,595
2017 103,902,992 Decrease00.26% 879,560 685,338
2018 107,394,029 Increase03.33% 895,682 693,790
2019 110,531,300 Increase02.92% 904,301 639,276
Source: Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport[7]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On May 23, 1960, Delta Air Lines Flight 1903, a Convair CV-880-22-1 (N8804E), crashed on takeoff resulting in the loss of all four crew members. This flight was to be a training flight for two Delta captains who were being type-rated on the 880.[85]
  • On February 25, 1969, Eastern Air Lines Flight 955 was hijacked by one passenger shortly after takeoff from ATL en route to Miami. The man pulled a .22 caliber pistol and demanded to be flown to Cuba. He got off the plane in Cuba while the DC-8 was allowed to fly back to the U.S.[86]
  • On January 18, 1990, an Eastern Airlines Boeing 727 overran a Beechcraft King Air operated by Epps Air Service, based at another Atlanta airport. The King Air had landed and was taxiing when the 727, still at high speed in its landing roll, collided with the aircraft. The larger plane's wing impacted the roof of the smaller. The pilot of the King Air, an Epps charter pilot, was killed, while a passenger survived. No crew or passengers of the Eastern plane were injured.[87]

See also[edit]

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External links[edit]