Hartsville, South Carolina

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Hartsville, South Carolina
Town
John Hart House in Hartsville
John Hart House in Hartsville
Location of Hartsville, South Carolina
Location of Hartsville, South Carolina
Coordinates: 34°22′10″N 80°4′51″W / 34.36944°N 80.08083°W / 34.36944; -80.08083Coordinates: 34°22′10″N 80°4′51″W / 34.36944°N 80.08083°W / 34.36944; -80.08083
Country United States
State South Carolina
County Darlington
Area
 • Total 5.0 sq mi (13.0 km2)
 • Land 5.0 sq mi (12.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 217 ft (66 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,764
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 29550-29551
Area code(s) 843
FIPS code 45-32560[1]
GNIS feature ID 1231367[2]
Website www.hartsvillesc.gov

Hartsville is the largest city in Darlington County, South Carolina, United States. The population was 7,764 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Hartsville is located at 34°22′10″N 80°4′51″W / 34.36944°N 80.08083°W / 34.36944; -80.08083 (34.369474, -80.080783)[3].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.0 square miles (13 km2), of which 5.0 square miles (13 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.60%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, considering primary zip code (29550), the population of Hartsville in 2000 was 31,313.[4] As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 556 people, 44 households, and 235 families residing in the city. The population density was 317 people per square mile (585.8/km²). There were 499 housing units at an average density of 702.4 per square mile (271.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.00% White, 42.47% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.62% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.

There were 744 households, of which 28.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 22.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.4% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 17.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 78.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $16,063, and the median income for a family was $18,877. Males had a median income of $12,295 versus $12,583 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,318. About 21.6% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 34.5% of those under age 18 and 21.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Major employers in the area include Sonoco Products Company, Nucor Corporations steel mill, Carolina Pines Regional Medical Center, and Progress Energy's H. B. Robinson Nuclear Generating Station

History[edit]

Settlement[edit]

Hartsville’s first settlement began around 1760. Hartsville received its name from Captain Thomas E. Hart. Captain Hart, a very influential man, due to his kind and gentle nature, won the hearts and trust of those in the community. He owned most of the land around Hartsville. Though a farmer, he also owned a mercantile business. During the depression of 1837-1838, Captain Hart lost his land and business. Kalmia, the homestead of the Hart family was sold to Captain Hart’s son-in-law, Colonel T.C. Law.

Commercial establishment[edit]

In 1845 the son of Captain Hart, John Lide Hart, bought 491 acres (1.99 km2) from Colonel Law. John Hart established Hartsville Plantation in the area now considered downtown Hartsville. John Law established a carriage factory, steam powered sawmill, grist mill, store, post office, school and Hartsville Baptist Church. John Hart sold his carriage factory to Caleb Coker in 1855. Caleb Coker bought the factory for his son, James Lide Coker.

James Lide Coker[edit]

James came to Hartsville in 1857. His plans to put into practice farming methods learned at Harvard College, were interrupted by the Civil War. James Lide Coker became a Major while in the service. Major Coker returned to Hartsville, injured, and found his plantation in shambles. He was determined to reconstruct his plantation and the once prospering town of Hartsville.

In 1894 Major Coker established the Welsh Neck high school which later became Coker College. Major Coker also established a seed company, oil mill, fertilizer plant and the Coker and Company General Store.[5] He also established a bank and the Southern Novelty Company. The Cokers, unable to gain the interest of other business owners in Hartsville to build a rail-road spur, decided to build their own. This decision led to great prosperity. In 1899, The Southern Novelty Company and the Carolina Fiber Company merged. This merger created Sonoco Products Company. Sonoco Products Company, now a Fortune 500 company with worldwide interest, employs many Hartsville citizens.

Historic sites[edit]

The Arcade Hotel, E. W. Cannon House and Store, Coker Experimental Farms, J. L. Coker Company Building, James L. Coker III House, Robert R. Coker House, S. Pressly Coker House, Davidson Hall, Coker College, C.K. Dunlap House, East Home Avenue Historic District, J.B. Gilbert House, John L. Hart House, Thomas E. Hart House, Hartsville Armory, Hartsville Community Center-Hartsville Community Market, Hartsville Passenger Station, Hartsville Post Office, Wade Hampton Hicks House, Jacob Kelley House, Lawton Park and Pavilion, Magnolia Cemetery, A.M. McNair House, Memorial Hall, Paul H. Rogers House, and West College Avenue Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[6]

Education[edit]

Hartsville's public schools are part of the Darlington County School District.

Public Primary education[edit]

The primary schools in the area include:

  • Carolina Elementary
  • Hartsville Middle
  • North Hartsville Elementary
  • Southside Early Childhood Center
  • Thornwell School of the Arts
  • Washington St. Elementary
  • West Hartsville Elementary

Public Secondary education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

Coker College, a private baccalaureate-granting institution, is located in Hartsville. Coker College readies undergraduates for personal and professional success through a distinctive four-year program that emphasizes a practical application of the liberal arts, as well as hands-on and discussion-based learning within and beyond the classroom. Coker is ranked among the "Best Colleges" in the South by U.S. News & World Report as well as The Princeton Review.

Private Schools[edit]

  • Thomas Hart Academy (grades 3K-8) is located in Hartsville but is outside of the city limits.
  • Students from Hartsville attend other private schools in the area including Robert E. Lee Academy (grades 3K-12), Trinity Collegiate (grades 7-12),and the Byrnes schools (grades 3K-12).

Notable people[edit]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "American Fact Finder". U.S. Census. 
  5. ^ * Mims, Edwin (September 1911). "The South Realizing Itself, First Article: Hartsville And Its Lesson". The World's Work: A History of Our Time XXII: 14972–14987. Retrieved 2009-07-10. 
  6. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 

External links[edit]