|Other names||Toshu Fukami, Shingeki no Hanshin, Toto Ami, Leonardo Toshu|
|Alma mater||Doshisha University|
|Occupation||Religious leader, businessman|
Haruhisa Handa (半田 晴久 Haruhisa Handa, born 18 March 1951) is a Japanese religious leader and a businessman. Handa is the Chairman and spiritual leader of the Shinto-based religion World Mate. He is also known by the name Toshu Fukami Toshu Fukami (深見 東州 Tōshū Fukami) in his artistic career, as well as the pen name Toto Ami Toto Ami (戸渡阿見 Toto Ami). He also uses the pseudonym Leonardo Toshu (レオナルド東州 Leonarudo Tōshū), which is used as his radio personality and on Twitter.
Handa is the founder of the Japanese Blind Golf Association. He is a chancellor and professor of the University of Cambodia, a professor of Japan Culture Research Institute at Zhejiang Gongshang University, and an honorary consulate of the Kingdom of Cambodia in Fukuoka, Japan.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Early career
- 3 International organizations
- 4 Artistic career
- 5 Partnerships
- 6 Literary activities
- 7 Noh
- 8 Blind golf
- 9 Religious activies
- 10 Boards
- 11 Educational activities
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Early life and education
Handa was born in 1951, in Nishinomiya, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan, into a multi-generation sake-barrel manufacturing family. In his adolescence, Handa began reading approximately a book a day. He graduated from Doshisha University in Kyoto with a Bachelor's Degree in Economics, with an emphasis in international economics. In 1998 he enrolled in the Western Australian Academy of Performing Arts (WAAPA) at Edith Cowan University (ECU) in Western Australia. In December 2002 at 51, he completed the course and was awarded a master's degree and bachelor's degree of Fine Arts and Creative Arts by WAAPA. In 2006 he completed his Doctor of Letters at the Academy of Arts and Design of Tsinghua University, China and was awarded the Doctor of Chinese Classics from Zhejiang University, China. Over his career he has earned an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from The Juilliard School, been named an Honorary Fellow of Corpus Christi College at the University of Oxford, an Honorary Fellow at the School of Oriental and African Studies of London University (SOAS), and an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Gloucestershire. He has also received Honorary Doctorates from the University of Western Australia, Curtin University, and Edith Cowan University in Western Australia.
During the early 1980s, Handa began developing businesses in Perth, Western Australia. In 1988, he was introduced to blind golf after he had met with those in Australia who had formed it in Perth; he then brought it to Japan and established the Japanese Blind Golf Association and in 1997, he started the International Blind Golf Association (IBGA). In 1996 he established the International Foundation for Arts and Culture (IFAC). Handa is also the cofounder of the Sihanouk Hospital in Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
In 2000 Handa cofounded the Spring Bud elementary school in China. In 2006 he established the International Sports Promotion Society (ISPS) and founded the University of Cambodia, later serving as the Chancellor and as a professor. He launched Akarusugiru Gekidan Tōshu (明るすぎる劇団・東州, The Too Lighthearted Theater Company – Toshu) for popular Japanese theater in May 2007, at the age of 56. In 2008 he established Worldwide Support for Development (WSD), where he currently serves as chair. In spring 2013, he began working to register Fujisan, sacred place and source of artistic inspiration on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites list. His efforts included direct discussions on the importance of the Miho no Matsubara with the Chairman of the 37th World Heritage Committee, H.E. Sok An, Cambodia's Deputy Prime Minister, and others, at the request of Yoshinori Yasuda.
Handa received no formal musical education during his childhood, and began training in various art forms during his thirties and forties, including in tea ceremonies, Noh theatre, the piano, the violin, musical composition, Peking opera, conducting, music theory, and then ballet at the age of 42. In 1994 he worked as a conductor at the Albert Hall, when he booked the building in order to produce a multi-genre dance and musical performance. His debut in opera came in March 1997 (see below), and in the same year, at the age of 46, he completed Musashino Academia Musicae Parnassos Eminence. On September 21, 1997, he held the Toshu Fukami Calligraphy and Painting Charity Exhibition, the first exhibition of his calligraphy and paintings.
In 1999, he led the Alps Choir in performances of both original songs and traditional Japanese songs at the Vatican, having been granted an audience with the Pope. In 2000, he created a new stage art in the form of Hagoromo (羽衣), a production fusing Noh and ballet, where he performed classical ballet alongside a prima ballerina. That year he exhibited his eight-meter ink painting Great Long View of Lake Motosu, among others, at the Toshu Fukami – Japanese Calligraphy and Painting Exhibition, held at the Forbidden Castle, Beijing, and demonstrated impromptu painting in ink at the venue.
In In October 2002 he was awarded the title of First Grade Opera Singer by the China National Opera & Dance Drama Theater, for the first time outside of China, and became a regular member and international arts adviser to the company. On November 14, 2002, he performed the role of Prince Shōtoku in the opera Shotoku Taishi – Wa o Motte Toutoshi to Nasu (『聖徳太子』和を以て貴しとなす, literally, Prince Shōtoku – Harmony is to be valued), for which he was also the executive producer.
In December 2003, he held a concert with the Australian and Chinese performers called Great Japanese, Chinese and Australian Singers' Joint Performance – An Evening of Classical Opera, featuring himself as the Japanese singer, at the Grand Palace of the People's Theater in Beijing. On September 2, 2004, he performed the role of Marcello in the opera Taishō Jidai no La bohème (大正時代のラ・ボエーム, literally, La bohème in the Taishō Era). On May 30, 2004, he premiered of the opera Yang Guifei in Beijing, performing the role of Akao, which received generally favorable reviews in the Chinese press. On September 15, 2005, he performed the title role of The Marriage of Figaro in the opera Hinamatsuri no Figaro no Kekkon (雛祭りのフィガロの結婚, literally, The Marriage of Figaro at the Hinamatsuri). During this time, The Shaanxi Daily wrote about his dedication towards contributing to China-Japanese cultural exchange. On September 27, 2009, he performed the title role in the opera Zeus no Keshin Kaijin Don Giovanni. In 2012, he performed the title role in Don Pasquale in the first Grand Opera Japan, a performance with Opera Australia in Japan, and the first joint production in Japan.
In addition to opera, he is also active as a singer-songwriter of popular music, and has conducted more than 30 concerts both in Japan and other countries. In 2008, he gave eight songs he wrote and composed, including "Jidanda!" (ジダンダ!, kick oneself), to Akira Kobayashi. "Jidanda!" reached number 1 on the Weekly Hit Enka Ballad/J-pop USEN Chart and ranked 28th in requests for the entire year of 2009. Handa funds charity concerts to raise awareness about human rights and poverty issues. In September, he performed together with Michael Bolton and Peter Cetera at the Toshu Fukami and His Friends from Around the World Concert Tour. In August 2010, The Works of Toshu Fukami, featuring 154 of Handa's works, was published by Kyūryūdo.
He is on the board of trustees of the Japan Design Cultural Association and markets his own fashion label. As a visual artist, he received the title Honorary Artist by the City of Perth, Australia
Handa has worked in association with Michael Bolton, Jimi Jamison, and Peter Cetera. Bolton and Handa specifically have worked on various projects regarding the promotion of human rights activities. He has also worked with Bill Clinton. When David Helfgott visited Japan for the first time in 1991, he played and recorded works composed by Handa for Helfgott, including the Andromeda Fantasia and a collection of small piano pieces. Helfgott Live in Japan 91 is the only existing video recording in the world of Helfgott playing live. Handa has partnered with Nick Faldo to produce the Handa Faldo Cambodian Classic. Handa also serves as the Official International Ambassador for the Faldo Series Asia and as Honorary Advisor to the Faldo Trust for Tomorrow's Champions (Asia) Limited.
In 2007 Handa published the novel Tokage. In November 2008, his second novel, Batta Ni Dakarete, was selected as a Japan Library Association Recommended Book.[note 1] In 2000 he published his first collection of haiku, Kagerō. In 2009 his second haiku collection, Shinshu (New Autumn), was published, with 59 haiku selected by Junko Ito and another 159 selected by Touta Kaneko. As a poet, in 2009, he published Asu ni Nareba – Toto Ami Shishū in March, Halley Suisei – Totoami Shishū in April and Awadatsu Kocha – Toto Ami Shishū in August. He then published Majo no Medama – Toto Ami Shishū in May 2011. He is Director of the Toshu Haiku Society and a member of the Gendai Haiku Association. His haiku are included in the Gendai Haiku database.
Handa is a member of the Nohgaku Performers' Association and a lead actor in the Hosho School of Noh theater and the sponsor representative of the Tokyo Dai Takigi Noh (Tokyo Grand Open-Air Noh). As of September 2012, he had made over 40 appearances as lead actor. He is also the head of the Toshu Hosho Noh Troupe, which has over 1,500 affiliated members. In 1998 Handa established the Hosho Toshu Noh Troupe. In 1999 he performed in the lead roles in the Noh play Fuji at the Hosho Nohgaku Theater, and on June 1 and 2 he held public Noh performances alongside the head of the Hoshu School at the United Nations Plaza and The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York. Later that year, on September 28, he performed in the lead roles in the Noh play Iwafune at the second Tokyo Dai Takigi Noh, at the Citizens Plaza, Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building.
In 2000 Handa staged a takigi Noh at the National Academy of Chinese Theatre Arts and Peking University, performing the lead role in Midare, and held public performances of Hosho School Noh in China, at Peking University and at the National Academy of Chinese Theatre Arts, where he performed the lead role in the Noh play Midare (乱).
On June 1, 2001, he staged the Egyptian Sphinx Takigi Noh, a performance of Noh, which was inscribed on the UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) World Heritage List (as intangible heritage) in May of the same year. In the performance he played the lead role (White lion) in the Half-Noh play Shakkyō (Renjishi), in front of the Great Sphinx of Giza, which was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1979. Later that year on September 19, he performed the lead role (White lion) in the Noh play Shakkyō at the China National Children's Theatre in Beijing. And on September 25, he performed the lead role (White lion) in the Noh play Shakkyō (Renjishi, 石橋連獅子), at the 4th Tokyo Dai Takigi Noh.
In 2002 he played the lead role in the Noh play Okina (Old Man) at the Hosho Toshu Noh Troupe National Festival. Two days later, on August 6, he staged a takigi Noh performance at Kashima Shrine in the Kashima Shrine Boat Festival Offertory Performance, performing the lead role in the Noh play Okina, which was so well attended there was little room for the standing crowd to move. Then on September 27, he performed the lead role in Okina again, at the 5th Tokyo Dai Takigi Noh at Telecom Center.
In 2003, on August 3, he staged the Hosho Toshu Noh Troupe 5th Anniversary Festival at the Hosho Noh Theater, performing the lead role (the emperor) in the Noh play Tsurukame (鶴亀). Then on September 30, he staged the 6th Tokyo Dai Takigi Noh at Sun Plaza in Shiokaze Park, Odaiba, performing the lead role (the emperor) in the Noh play Tsurukame.
Handa introduced blind golf to Japan in 1988 by establishing its first Blind Golf Club and today is Honorary Chairman of the Japanese Blind Golf Association and Honorary President of the International Blind Golf Association.[note 2] He has stated that because the blind golfers he witnessed playing in Australia were the most cheerful, pleasant, and happy people with a disability he had ever met, he began developing worldwide activities to promote blind golf as social contribution through golf in the private sector.
In 1997, he established the International Blind Golf Association (IBGA). As of March 2014, 18 organizations had joined the International Blind Golf Association, with he serving as Honorary President. Handa launched the ISPS Handa PGA Academy Program in January 2012 to disseminate disability classification in golf and to provide British PGA pro golfers with the qualifications to coach disabled golfers, through the ISPS and the PGA in the United Kingdom. He has also been involved with working to spread disabled golf internationally, with the goal of it becoming an official sport in the Paralympics.
Handa is the first Japanese person to serve as Vice President of The Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB). In 2010, he was bestowed with the Asia-Pacific Golf Personality Award. His work with women's golf led to the 2006 launch of an annual women's senior pro tournament sponsored by the Legends Tour, the Handa Cup (Handa being his real surname), as a Legends Tour event in the Ryder Cup and Solheim Cup. The tournament's title was changed to the ISPS Handa Cup in 2013. He serves as a Golf Australia Advisor and International Ambassador.
Hansa serves as Trustee of World Faiths Development Dialogue (WFDD) and Honorary International Advisor on the International Advisory Committee in the Parliament of the World's Religions, an organization that promotes international interfaith dialog. He founded and serves as Chairman of the Asia Faiths Development Dialogue (AFDD), which promotes development of dialog among religions in Asia. He is also one of the Presidents of Religions for Peace USA.
Handa began studying and practicing Zen, Shinto, and Chinese philosophy at the age of 25. In 1984, he founded the Shinto-based religious organization World Mate. In 2001, he established the Toshu Fukami Shinto Studies chair in the Religious Studies Department at Columbia University. As head of ISF, he cosponsored the 4th Inter-Faith Action for Peace in Africa (IFAPA) Summit in Johannesburg, South Africa from October 28 to 30, 2012. He was one of two religious leaders representing Japan, who propounded a means of resolving problematic issues.
He is an Honorary Advisor to the Human Rights Council of Australia, established the first chair in human rights education in Australia, at Curtin University, Western Australia, and was bestowed the title of Citizen of Humanity by the Human Rights Council of Australia. He also established the WSD HANDA Center for Human Rights and International Justice at Stanford University. Handa serves as Chairman of the Kyowa (Harmony of All People) Foundation.
Handa serves as a director at The Japan Forum on International Relations, a private policy think tank. He also serves as Chairman of Worldwide Support for Development, which engages in international cooperation and support projects in welfare, scholarship, and education. Additionally Handa also served as Chairman of the Cambodian international meetings titled Bridge, held from April 2009 to April 2010.
Chancellor and professor – University of Cambodia
The name of the library on campus was changed to Toshu Fukami Library on April 30, 2004. The library houses a collection of some 50,000 books, making it one of the best libraries in Cambodia. In 2007, World Mate provided funds for the Samdech Hun Sen – Handa National scholarship, which bears the names of the Prime Minister Hun Sen and him. The scholarship enables 500 students with outstanding grades to enroll at the University tuition-free each year and obtain a bachelor's degree. The scholarship funded 500 students each year between 2007 and 2009, for a total of 1,500 students. He established the Chancellor's Honors Scholarship Fund in 2012 and has been providing full tuition fees to academically advanced students since then.
Professor – Institute for Japanese Culture Studies, Zhejiang Gongshang University
He has held posts as Visiting Professor at the Post-Graduate Japanese Culture Research Center in Zhejiang University since September 1998 and as Professor of Japanese Arts and Culture at the School of Japanese Language and Culture at Zhejiang Gongshang University since September 2007, both in China. Currently, he is Professor of Japanese Arts and Culture at the Institute for Japanese Culture Studies at Zhejiang Gongshang University. In his work at the university, he specializes in lectures on the topic of Japanese culture and its spiritual background and demonstrates culture and arts including Noh, calligraphy, Japanese painting and haiku; and his discussions focus on the impact that Shinto, Buddhism, and Confucianism have had on Japanese culture, including topics such as Japanese myths and management practices, and the Japanese syncretized Shinto-Buddhist artistic view manifest in the Noh play Fuji (Wisteria).
Honorary consul of the Kingdom of Cambodia in Fukuoka
He serves as Honorary Consul of the Kingdom of Cambodia in Fukuoka. Every year since 2009, the Consulate of the Kingdom of Cambodia in Fukuoka has publicly called for applicants for the Handa scholarship – Study in Cambodia, which provides short study trips to Cambodia.
- Selected annually by the Japan Library Association for the purpose of providing library information to public libraries and school libraries.
- Allied with Blind Golf Associations in 17 regions in 15 countries around the world including the United States, the United Kingdom, Australia, Canada, and Japan
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- Sirō & Isozaki 1991, p. 180.
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- "「アニメソングと予備校経営、 何でもボーダーレスになった経緯（いきさつ）」" [Cartoon Songs and Cram School Management: How Everything Became Borderless (Details)] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Misuzu Gakuen. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
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- "欧米の要人招聘などの功績も 半田晴久・怪人物が疑惑と中傷に応える" [Entertaining the Greats of Europe: Haruhisa Handa / Mystery Man Responds to Doubts and Defamation]. THEMIS (in Japanese). Tokyo. 23: 84–85. January 1, 2014.
- Inken Prohl (2006). Religiöse Innovationen: die Shintō-Organisation World Mate in Japan. Reimer. p. 82.
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- "深見東州の深奥の世界とは？ 第2回演劇空間のアーティスト 原作・脚本・演出・音楽すべてを担当 ユーモラスに人間社会にもの申す表現者" [What are the depths of Toshu Fukami's world? No. 2: Performance space artist: a writer, scriptwriter, musician, performer who speaks humorously to human society]. Gallery (in Japanese). Gallery Station. 6 (326): 100–103. 2012.
- "富士山と三保松原が世界遺産に" [Mt. Fuji and Miho no Matsubara Should Be World Heritage]. Denki Shimbun (in Japanese). Japan Electric Association. July 4, 2013.
- "Japanese tycoon brings Noh to UK" by Maev Kennedy, The Guardian, 11 November 1999
- "深見東州の深奥の世界とは？ 第1回芸術の脈絡に誘い込む？ 深見東州の活動奇跡 美術、書、演劇、オペラ、小説、詩etc" [What are the depths of Toshu Fukami's world? Luring people into a network of first arts? The trail of Toshu Fukami's activities: art, calligraphy, theater, opera, literature, poetry, etc.]. Gallery (in Japanese). Gallery Station. 5 (325): 94–97. 2012.
- "一般社団法人東京芸術財団（TAF）/合唱" [Tokyo Art Foundation] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Tokyo Art Foundation. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "世界のプリマが能と幻想的な共演" [World Prima Gives Fantasy Joint Performance with Noh]. Sankei Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. August 29, 2000.
- "『羽衣』を能とバレエで" [Hagoromo in Noh and Ballet]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. August 30, 2000.
- "热爱中华文化关心教育事业"北京———深见东州日本书画展"在京举办" [Love the Chinese culture and watch the cause of education, Beijing – Toshu Fukami Japanese painting and calligraphy exhibition.]. People's Daily (in Chinese). April 13, 2012. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "中国歌劇舞劇院（オペラ団）一級声楽家" [First Grade Opera Singer accredited by the National Opera & Dance Drama Company] (in Japanese). Japan: Haruhisa Handa. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Ya Dong, Liu (November 1, 2002). "中国歌剧舞剧院聘用日本歌唱家" [China National Opera & Dance Drama Theater Invites Japanese Opera Singer]. Ongaku Shuho (in Chinese). China: Music Weekly.
- "深見東州の深奥の世界とは？ 第6回「深見東州の書」が世に問うもの オペラ活動には瞠目すべき多くの実績が残されてきた日本の創作オペラから、中国との共同制作のオペラ実現など 深見東州のオペラにかける企画力は壮大な軌跡を残している" [What are the depths of Toshu Fukami's world? Sixth opera activities: from the many operas created in Japan that are worth viewing and have left long performance records, working with China to create joint productions: Toshu Fukami's opera planning power leaves a formidable trail]. Gallery (in Japanese). Gallery Station. 10 (330): 116–119. 2012.
- "国づくりに情熱注ぐ姿 舞台いっぱいに演じる" [A vision of passion in nation-building: acting on the whole stage]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. November 15, 2002.
- Peng Hao, He (November 26, 2003). "中日澳艺术家联袂演出"经典歌剧之夜"登陆北京" [Japan-China-Australia Vocalists in Joint Performance: Evening of Old-Style Opera]. China News Service (in Chinese). Beijing.
- Guo, Yang (December 2, 2003). "视频欣赏:中日澳经典歌剧齐登台" [Japan-China-Australia Old-Style Opera Performance]. China Central Television (in Chinese). Beijing.
- "オペラ「大正時代のボエーム」" [Opera La boheme in Taisho era]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. August 25, 2004.
- Shuang, Zhao (May 19, 2004). "中国歌剧《杨贵妃》深情感人" [Chinese Opera Yang Guifei, a major, moving work]. Beijing Diary (in Chinese). Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "オペラ『雛祭りのフィガロの結婚』上演" [Opera Marriage of Figaro at the Japanese Doll Festival performance]. Mainichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Tokyo. August 24, 2005.
- Xiao Yang, Wang (November 11, 2005). "《杨贵妃》:首部走出国门的中国古典原歌剧" [Yang Guifei well received in Japan, international debut for traditional Chinese opera]. Shaanxi Daily (in Chinese). Shanghai, China. Archived from the original on June 23, 2015. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "爆笑相次ぐ明るい喜劇を堪能！ 芸術の原点の芸能に回帰・演出" [A bright comedy full of talent and laughs! Returning to the roots of the performing arts]. InfoChina (in Japanese). Tokyo. January 15, 2010.
- "モーツァルトのユーモア今に 随所に世界初のビックリ演出" [Mozart's humor: now everywhere, world's first surprise performance]. InfoChina (in Japanese). Tokyo. January 15, 2010.
- "深見東州の深奥の世界とは？ 第7回オペラドン・パスクワーレの主役を演じた深見東州 世界12大オペラ団のひとつ、オペラ・オーストラリアの日本公演 満場の会場で、高らかに謳いあげた深見東州のドン・パスクワーレ" [What are the depths of Toshu Fukami's world? No. 7: Toshu Fukami plays lead role in opera Don Pasquale, sings out to full house in Japan performance by Opera Australia, one of the world's 12 top opera companies]. Gallery (in Japanese). Gallery Station. 11 (331): 108–111. 2012.
- "Behind every good opera there's a very generous patron", The Sydney Morning Herald, 24 March 2012
- "座長・戸渡阿見（半田晴久）プロフィール" [Totoami (Haruhisa Handa) profile] (in Japanese). Tokyo Art Foundation. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "オペラ・声楽・指揮" [Toshu Fukami (Haruhisa Handa): opera, singer, conductor] (in Japanese). Japan: Haruhisa Handa. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "2009 USEN演歌年間リクエストランキング" [2009 USEN enka annual request ranking2009 USEN enka annual request ranking] (PDF) (in Japanese). Usen. 2009. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "深見東州 in 武道館" [Toshu Fukami in Budokan]. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Tokyo. September 8, 2013.
- Michael Bolton (September 6, 2013). "A Starry show at the Budokan in Toyko!". Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "豪華絢爛スーパーファッションショー" [Luxurious and Gorgeous Super Fashion Show]. InfoChina (in Japanese). Tokyo. December 5, 2006.
- "紫禁城モチーフのファッションショー 400人の観客を魅了" [Fashion Show with Forbidden City motifs fascinates 400 guests]. Toho Times Network (in Japanese). Tokyo. December 7, 2006.
- "第10回高校生国際美術展" [The 10th International High School Arts Festival.]. InfoChina (in Japanese). Tokyo. August 11, 2009.
- "アカスリ半田劇場6" [Akasuri Handa Theater 6]. Sports Nippon (in Japanese). Tokyo. November 13, 2013.
- "深見東州と世界の友人コンサートツアー日本武道館 世界に垣根なし" [Toshu Fukami and World Friends Concert Tour Nippon Budokan: World Without Walls]. Nikkan Sports (in Japanese). Tokyo. September 7, 2013.
- Michael Bolton (January 16, 2014). "Michael Playing in the Humana Challenge". Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "クリントン元米大統領来日 半田晴久WSD総裁と世界平和日米関係語り合った" [Former President Clinton visits Japan, speaks with WSD Chairman Haruhisa Handa about world peace, Japan-U.S. relations]. Tokyo Sports (in Japanese). Tokyo. November 19, 2013.
- "「世界オピニオンリーダーズサミット」クリントン元大統領語る 日本のあるべき姿" [Global Opinion Leader's Summit' Former President Clinton speaks: How Japan should be]. Sports Nippon (in Japanese). Tokyo. November 18, 2013.
- "「シャイン」のモデル ヘルフゴットのライブ盤を発売" [The model for the movie Shine: Helfgott's live recording on sale.]. Kumamoto Nichinichi Shimbun (in Japanese). Kumamoto Prefecture, Japan. May 23, 1997.
- "Faldo Series Asia teams up with ISPS for good causes in golf". United Kingdom: Golftoday.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "IBGA Honorary President". International Blind Golf Association. Archived from the original on 2016-12-10. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "現代俳句データベース(人名)" [Gendai Haiku Database] (in Japanese). Tokyo: Gendai Haiku Association. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "能楽協会名簿" [The Nohgaku Performers' Association name list] (in Japanese). The Nohgaku Performers' Association. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
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