Harvard-Kyoto

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The Harvard-Kyoto Convention is a system for transliterating in ASCII the Sanskrit language and other languages that use the Devanāgarī script[citation needed]. It is predominantly used informally in e-mail, and for electronic texts.[citation needed]

Vowels[edit]

a A i I u U e ai o au

Sonorants[edit]

R RR lR lRR

Anusvāra and visarga[edit]

अं अः
M H

Consonants[edit]

Velar
k kh g gh G
Palatal
c ch j jh J
Retroflex
T Th D Dh N
Dental
t th d dh n
Labial
p ph b bh m
Semi-vowel
y r l v
Fricative
z S s h

Normal Sanskrit text encoded in the Harvard-Kyoto convention can be automatically translated to Devanāgarī Unicode, with two exceptions. Harvard-Kyoto cannot distinguish अइ (a followed immediately by i, in separate syllables) from ऐ (the diphthong ai); and it cannot distinguish ल l with chandrabindu followed by a normal l from a double ll with chandrabindu. However, both cases are uncommon.

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