Harvey L. Clark
Harvey L. Clarke
|Participant at the Champoeg Meetings|
|Chaplain of the Provisional Legislature of Oregon|
|Born||October 2, 1807|
|Died||March 25, 1858 (aged 50)|
Forest Grove, Oregon
Harvey L. Clarke (October 2, 1807 – March 25, 1858) was an educator, missionary, and settler first on the North Tualatin Plains which would become Glencoe, Oregon and then on the West Tualatin Plains that would become Forest Grove, Oregon, United States. A native of Vermont, he moved to Oregon Country in 1840 where he participated at the Champoeg Meetings May2, 1843, and helped to found Tualatin Academy that later became Pacific University. Clarke also worked for the Methodist Mission and was a chaplain for the Provisional Legislature of Oregon in 1845.
Harvey Clarke was born in Chester, Vermont, on October 2, 1807. In Vermont he married Emeline Cadwell , and they would have five children. In 1840, Clarke, with his wife, moved to Oregon Country as a Congregational Minister and as missionaries to the Native Americans.
Clarke traveled overland to the region, arriving in September 1840, at the Whitman Station. He was an independent missionary, unaffiliated with any missionary organization such as the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. His party included mountain men, Joe Meek,and Robert Newell, Alvin T. Smith, P. B. Littlejohn, and their wives. In Oregon, Clarke taught at the Methodist Mission’s first location at Mission Bottom on the French Prairie in the Willamette Valley. By 1842, Harvey and Emeline Clarke had moved to the North Tualatin Plains, built a small log home in Glencoe. They were teaching the Métis children from Red River, and a few Atfalati children in their cabin. Harvey and Emeline Clarke were the first teachers in what would become the district of Tuality and later Washington County, Oregon. They moved to West Tuality on the Tualatin Plains, and taught there. This location would later become the town of Forest Grove, and Clarke would take a land claim at the location. In 1843, he was one of several participants from the Tualatin Valley that participated in the Champoeg Meetings. At the May 2, 1843 meeting, Clarke voted for the creation of the Provisional Government of Oregon, which passed by a 52 to 50 margin.
In 1844, Clarke established a Congregational Church [a simple log church] in Forest Grove and another in Oregon City. The following year he served as one of several chaplains to the Provisional Legislature of Oregon. Clarke made his land claim in 1846 for about 480 acres (1.9 km2).
In 1842, Clarke and his wife started a school for Native Americans at Glencoe in what is now Hillsboro to the east of Forest Grove. A few years later Tabitha Brown arrived in Forest Grove and joined the Clarkes in operating a home for orphans. In 1848, George H. Atkinson arrived and began working with Clarke to create a college in Oregon, which was chartered by the Oregon Territorial Legislature in 1849 as Tualatin Academy. Clarke donated 20 acres (81,000 m2) to the school that year, and deeded another 200 acres (0.81 km2). Tualatin Academy would grow with the addition of a college, Pacific University in 1854, while the academy would be closed in 1915. Marsh Hall at the school is situated where the three original land claims of the town’s founders met, including Clarke’s.
In 1849, he taught for a short time at the Clackamas County Female Seminary. Clarke would also sell 150 acres (0.61 km2) of his land claim and donate the proceeds to the school he helped to found. The Reverend Harvey L. Clarke died on March 25, 1858 at the age of 50 in Forest Grove.
- Corning, Howard M. Dictionary of Oregon History. Binfords & Mort Publishing, 1956. pp. 54-55.
- Gray, William Henry. 1870. A history of Oregon, 1792-1849, drawn from personal observation and authentic information. Portland, Or: Harris & Holman. pp. 188-190.
- The End of the Missions. End of the Oregon Trail Interpretive Center. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- Oregon Legislative Assembly (4th Pre-Provisional) 1845 Meetings. Oregon State Archives. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- Historic Landmarks Board: History. Archived 2007-12-17 at the Wayback Machine City of Forest Grove. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- History of Pacific University. Pacific University. Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- Bain, Read (1920). "Educational Plans and Efforts by Methodists in Oregon to 1860". Oregon Historical Quarterly. Oregon Historical Society. 21.
- Bancroft, Hubert Howe. 1882. The works of Hubert Howe Bancroft. San Francisco: A.L. Bancroft & Co. pp. 33-34.