Harvey Spencer Lewis
Harvey Spencer Lewis F.R.C., S:::I:::I:::, 33° 66° 95°, PhD (November 25, 1883 – August 2, 1939), a noted Rosicrucian author, occultist, and mystic, was the founder in the USA and the first Imperator of the Ancient and Mystical Order Rosae Crucis (AMORC), from 1915 until 1939.
Life and career
Lewis was born in Frenchtown, New Jersey, to Aaron Rittenhouse Lewis and a German-born teacher, Catherine Hoffman. He worked in advertising as an illustrator (the modern term commercial artist best describes his line of work), and he used this experience to promote AMORC, through print ads, booklets and magazine illustrations. Lewis first learned of the Rosicrucians through his interest in paranormal phenomena. His membership of a group investigating and exposing more than 50 fraudulent mediums led to the formation of the New York Institute for Psychical Research, of which he was elected president at the age of 20.
He later related that he was initiated into a Rosicrucian order during a trip to France. Given the mission to both bring Rosicrucian ideas back to America (an immigrant German group had a settlement in Pennsylvania during the 17th century, but it had long been dissolved), and to promote them in a modern way, Lewis established AMORC, becoming its first Imperator. He translated from French and German what became the Order's first canon of lessons in mysticism, and spent the rest of his life working ceaselessly on AMORC's behalf.
Lewis engineered and supervised the creation of Rosicrucian Park, in San Jose, California designing its unique buildings - the Egyptian-style temple, the fifth planetarium in the USA, a science laboratory, lecture auditorium, library, and administrative offices. Today his internationally recognised Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum in Naglee Avenue is a popular tourist attraction.
His second wife was Martha. They were married at least by 1917, according to his WW1 draft card, when they were living in Flushing, New York. In 1926 they sailed on the SS Majestic to Europe and made the first AMORC Grand Tour of Egypt., reported en route in The Mystic Triangle of December 1926.
Among Lewis's prodigious talents was a penchant for audio-visual technology. With a confident voice well suited to public speaking and broadcasting, he had inaugurated talk-back radio and directed a popular children's radio club in Tampa, Florida. In San Jose, one of Lewis's programs, "The Pristine Church", was broadcast from Rosicrucian Park on Sundays, with easy-listening sermons on interfaith and secular topics. His recordings of talks, chants and other items of interest to Rosicrucian students are still in demand by AMORC lodges around the world.
Under his nomen mysticum Sar Alden, Lewis was one of the three directors of FUDOSI (Federatio Universalis Dirigens Ordines Societatesque Initiationis) representing America, Europe and the Orient. This union of the world's authentic initiatic societies aimed to counter plagiarism of their ancient symbols and rituals by remnant groups and rivals. Lewis held a number of earned and honorary ordinations, titles and degrees, many granted in recognition of his goodwill work. His son, Ralph Maxwell Lewis (1904-1987), an accomplished philosopher and author, succeeded him in 1939 as the second Imperator of AMORC. One of Ralph Lewis's many books is the aptly titled biography of his extraordinary father, Cosmic Mission Fulfilled.
According to [Michael Nowicki] (F.R.C.)'s Mysterious Inventions of Dr. Lewis page (located at the Rosicrucians Salon Website), H. Spencer Lewis built several scientific devices.
The Luxatone or Color Organ was a device which converted audio signals into colours, displayed on a triangular screen. Dr. Lewis used it to demonstrate mystical and philosophical ideas. The audio signal was input with the aid of a microphone.
A booklet titled "The Story of Luxatone – The Master Color Organ" was printed and sent to AMORC members and to newspapers.
Cosmic Ray Coincidence Counter
This device was a prototype of a Geiger counter and was built in the 1930s.
Sympathetic Vibration Harp
The Sympathetic Vibration Harp was built by Dr. Lewis to demonstrate the AMORC's principle of sympathetic vibration.
In addition to his other works, on June 22, 1916 Lewis hosted what was announced as a "transmutation" of zinc into gold – a demonstration of classic alchemical principles, in New York City. A team of AMORC Grand Masters, members, one scientist and one journalist assembled, a chosen few bringing selected ingredients, which were then mixed in a brief procedure. The scientist declared the results to have the "properties of gold", and an account appeared in the American Rosae Crucis. (The ingredients for the gold recipe were not revealed; Rosicrucian Questions and Answers explained that while the necessary materials weren't hard to obtain, transmutation wasn't cost-effective; buying elemental gold was more sensible.)
In 1931 Lewis, under the pen name Wisar Spenle Cerve, wrote a book (published by the Rosicrucians) about the hidden Lemurians of Mount Shasta that a bibliographic note on Mount Shasta described as "responsible for the legend's widespread popularity."
- Rosicrucian Principles for the Home and Business (March 1929)
- Explains portions of Rosicrucian teachings and philosophy as related to work and personal goals.
- Rosicrucian Questions and Answers with Complete History of the Order
- A two-part book: Part One gives the "traditional" history of the Rosicrucian Order, with names and works; Part Two answers common new member and prospective member questions.
- The Mystical Life of Jesus
- The Secret Doctrines of Jesus
- An explanation of many symbols, standards, and interpretations of the work of Jesus and the Twelve Apostles.
- A Thousand Years of Yesterdays
- A fictional story, explaining reincarnation as a man re-experiences past selves.
- Self Mastery and Fate with the Cycles of Life
- Rosicrucian Manual (1918, 1929 with reissues)
- Mansions of the Soul: The Cosmic Conception
- The Symbolic Prophecy of the Great Pyramid
- Mental Poisoning
- Cosmic Mission Fulfilled, 1966, Lewis, Ralph Maxwell, San Jose, Calif.
- Biography of Harvey Spencer Lewis, first Imperator of the Rosicrucian Order (AMORC).
Other AMORC Imperators
- Note 1: F.R.C. is a Rosicrucian title.
- Note 2: S:::I:::I::: is a Martinist title.
- Note 3: 33°66°95° are degrees given to him by the Rite of Memphis-Misraïm.
- Note 4: XII° on his burial marker means he was a 12th degree Rosicrucian.
- Rebisse, Christian (2005). Rosicrucian History and Mysteries (1st ed.). AMORC, San Jose, Calif. pp. 153–159. ISBN 1-893971-05-8.
- Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum & Planetarium at www.egyptianmuseum.org
- Rebisse, Christian (2005). Rosicrucian History and Mysteries (1st ed.). AMORC, San Jose, Calif. pp. 191–193. ISBN 1-893971-05-8.
- RC Salon – Mysterious Inventions of Dr. Lewis at www.rosicrucians.org
- Alchemy Journal Vol.4 No.1 at www.alchemylab.com
- Melton, J. Gordon (March 1999). Religious leaders of America: a biographical guide to founders and leaders of religious bodies, churches, and spiritual groups in North America (2nd ed.). Cengage Gale. p. 332. ISBN 978-0810388789.
- Meisse, William C. (1993). Mount Shasta: an annotated bibliography. College of the Siskiyous. p. 146.
- Rosicrucian Order AMORC at www.rosicrucian.org
- The Mysterious Inventions of Dr. Lewis
- Harvey Spencer Lewis in a San Francisco Buddhist Temple – 1929
- Black mirrors
- Information from the Religious Movements Homepage Project of the University of Virginia
- FUDOESI Document from AMORC Netherlands Website which lists the mystical credentials of Harvey Spencer Lewis (F.R.C., S.·.I.·., 33°66°95°)
- Self Mastery and Fate with the Cycles of Life iPhone Application
- Aum Om Amen Article by Harvey Spencer Lewis