Poster for Harvie Krumpet
|Directed by||Adam Elliot|
|Produced by||Melanie Coombs|
|Written by||Adam Elliot|
|Narrated by||Geoffrey Rush|
|Edited by||Bill Murphy|
|Distributed by||Melodrama Pictures (Australia)
Monster Distributes (Ireland)
Atom Films (USA)
Harvie Krumpet is a 2003 Australian clay animation comedy-drama short film written, directed and animated by Adam Elliot, and narrated by Geoffrey Rush. It tells the life story of Harvie Krumpet, a Polish-Australian man whose life is plagued by bad luck but who nevertheless remains optimistic.
The film was funded by SBS Independent, the Australian Film Commission and Film Victoria, and it was filmed and animated by Adam Elliot and two assistants over 15 months in 2001–2003, using models made of plasticine and other materials. The production was completed in May 2003 and Harvie Krumpet premiered a month later at the Annecy International Animated Film Festival, followed by over 100 subsequent film festival screenings. It won many accolades, including the Academy Award for Best Animated Short Film in 2004.
The story revolves around the life of Harvek Milos Krumpetzki, born in Poland in 1922. As a child, he begins to collect pieces of information he calls "fakts", which are presented throughout the film. At the outbreak of World War II, shortly after his parents' death in a house fire, he migrates to Australia as a refugee, settling in Spotswood, Victoria, and changing his name to Harvie Krumpet.
Despite a life filled with bad luck—having Tourette syndrome, being struck by lightning, and losing one of his testicles to cancer—Harvie remains optimistic, living out his own eccentric way of life. In one of the pivotal episodes of his life, Harvie sits in the park next to a statue of Horace while he hears the instructional Carpe diem, which inspires him to make many changes in his life, such as embracing nudism and embarking on daring rescue missions for animal rights. He marries Val, a nurse he meets in hospital, and they adopt a daughter, Ruby, who has deformed limbs due to the effects of thalidomide.
After Ruby moves to America and Val dies of a stroke, Harvie develops Alzheimer's disease and is placed in a nursing home. Although he briefly considers suicide, he decides to continue living his life to the fullest. The final "fakt" presented reads: "Life is like a cigarette. Smoke it to the butt".
- John Flaus as Harvie Krumpet
- Geoffrey Rush as the Narrator. The filmmakers approached Rush with copies of Elliot's three previous short films to ask him to be involved in Harvie Krumpet. Rush recorded the narration at the beginning of production on the film, so that his dialogue could be used to guide the animators in determining the length of each shot.:5 When the animation was complete, however, Elliot found that "when we put his voice to the images, his voice came out a bit too cold", so Rush re-recorded his lines with a "more colourful, emotive performance".:135
- Julie Forsyth as Lilliana Krumpetzki. Forsyth, along with the Elwood Primary School choir, also provided vocals for the song "God Is Better than Football", composed by Keith Binns.:85
- Kamahl as the Statue of Horace
Adam Elliot conceived the idea behind Harvie Krumpet over a ten-year period, and wrote fourteen drafts of the script over three months. He also created a 300-panel storyboard to visualise the film before the animation began.:5 He described Harvie's character as "an amalgamation of many people I know", in addition to being partly autobiographical. Elliot's development of the plot began with small character details with which he could "work backwards and then find a rhythm to the piece".:136 Harvie Krumpet marked the first time that Elliot worked with a producer, Melanie Coombs. Financing for the film's A$377,000 production budget was split between three production companies: SBS Independent, the Australian Film Commission and Film Victoria.
Harvie Krumpet was filmed in Melbourne over 15 months between October 2001 and January 2003. The film was shot in sequence in three-month blocks, interspersed with three-month blocks of building sets and models. Production began in Elliott's garage and subsequently took place in three separate studios, moving three times in order to accommodate the growing size of the sets.:134 It was shot on Super 16 mm film using a Bolex camera.:5 Each individual frame was animated, meaning that an average of 3–5 seconds' worth of film was produced in each full day of filming.:134–135
The film was produced by clay animation using character models each about the size of a wine bottle.:7 The models were first constructed using plasticine before pouring Carbog, a solid material used by mechanics, into moulds to form the bodies. They were then painted to appear like plasticine, and real plasticine around wire was used for the arms. Elliot said he chose to use Carbog since models made from just plasticine would require more maintenance.:134 Some characters had replaceable mouths made of hardened Sculpey clay that were attached magnetically to the faces to reflect different facial expressions; Harvie's model had more than 30 separate mouth shapes. The design of the models was influenced by Elliot's tremor, since he needed them to be relatively large and easy to manipulate.:7 He made the models' eyes particularly large "to fully express the character's emotion". He intentionally left fingerprints in the plasticine when manipulating the models to remind the audience that "what they're seeing is tangible, tactile and it's not generated through a computer".:134 He was assisted by Sophie Raymond and Michael Bazeley in constructing and modelling the characters. The sets were largely constructed from wood.:7
Harvie Krumpet was edited by Bill Murphy for eight days spread over several weeks. The original cut of 45–50 minutes of footage was reduced to a final cut of less than 23 minutes.:134–135 Over 2000 sound clips were added during the sound design process and the film was converted to 35 mm film in May 2003.:5
Release and reception
Harvie Krumpet premiered at the Annecy International Animated Film Festival in June 2003, where it won three of the festival's four major prizes, the Prix FIPRESCI, Prix du public and Prix special du jury. Its Australian premiere was at the 2003 Melbourne International Film Festival, where it won the Best Australian Short Award.:10 During 2003–2004, the film was screened at over 100 film festivals around the world, winning 40 awards.:10–11 At the 76th Academy Awards, the film was awarded Best Animated Short Film, and in Australia it won the Best Short Animation prize at the 45th Australian Film Institute Awards and the Best Animation prize at the 2004 Inside Film Awards.
Rob Mackie awarded Harvie Krumpet 4 out of 5 stars in a review for The Guardian, describing it as "both fondly evocative and uproariously funny". The Sydney Morning Herald critic Sacha Molitorisz summarised the film as "hilarious, moving and wonderful", "a melancholy short that doesn't put a foot wrong". He praised Elliot's "meticulous attention to detail and love for his characters" as well as Rush's narration.
- Ball, Ryan (1 March 2004). "Oscar Winner Elliot Talks Krumpet". Animation Magazine. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- "Harvie Krumpet" (PDF) (Press release). Melodrama Pictures. 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Burke, Liz (2004). "Adam Elliot on Carbog, Clay and Harvie Krumpet". Metro (139): 133–136.
- Quigley, Marian (2009). "Animated Outsiders: Harvie Krumpet and Mary and Max". Screen Education (55): 82–89.
- Runcie, Sarah; Danta, Susan. "Adam Elliot, writer/director Harvie Krumpet". Australian Film Commission. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Moynihan, Stephen (15 June 2003). "Melbourne animator shows his feat of clay". The Age. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "Harvie Krumpet (2003)". Australian Screen. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Sellars, Simon (October 2003). "Krumpet wins!". RealTime Arts (57). p. 19. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- "Harvie Krumpet wins an Oscar for Adam Elliott". UniNews. 13 (3). University of Melbourne. 22 March 2004. Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- Maddox, Gary (11 November 2004). "Somersault wins third film prize". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 27 April 2015.
- Mackie, Rob (15 April 2005). "Harvie Krumpet". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
- Molitorisz, Sacha (19 February 2004). "Harvie Krumpet". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 April 2015.