Harwich Town railway station
|Managed by||Abellio Greater Anglia|
|Number of platforms||1|
|Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
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|Annual rail passenger usage*|
|National Rail – UK railway stations|
|* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Harwich Town from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.|
|UK Railways portal|
Harwich Town railway station is the eastern terminus of the Mayflower Line, a branch of the Great Eastern Main Line, in the East of England, serving the port town of Harwich, Essex. It is 70 miles 60 chains (113.9 km) down-line from London Liverpool Street; the preceding station on the line is Dovercourt. Its three-letter station code is HWC.
The station is currently operated by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also runs all trains serving the station.
The line to Harwich was originally opened in 1854 but the present station was built on a revised alignment by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) in 1865–66, the original station in George Street, just a short distance to the north, having burned down. The suffix "Town" was added to the station's name in 1883.
The original station had three platforms and included lines which ran directly onto the two piers from which the GER ferry services operated. There was also a GER-owned hotel called The Great Eastern on the quay between the two piers. These piers became redundant when the GER opened Harwich Parkeston Quay station up-river from Harwich Town and in 1923 the new operator London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) closed the hotel.
The arrival/sailing of a train ferry every six hours (day and night) with each vessel bringing and sailing with 36 continental wagons which were handled over sidings on the north-west side of the station created a high level of activity, and in later years car trains were regular users of the outer platforms delivering/collecting cars for MAT Transport and delivering cars, mainly for BMC, for eventual shipment from Navyard Wharf.
The station, goods yard, and movements to and from the train ferry terminal were controlled from a signal box positioned at the southern end of the station which was in use from 1882 until December 1985 and had 50 levers.
As of December 2015[update] the typical weekday off-peak service is one train per hour to Manningtree, although there some additional services at peak times. Trains generally call at all stations along the Mayflower Line; some are extended to or from Colchester and/or London Liverpool Street.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harwich Town railway station.|
- Body, Geoffrey (1986). PSL Field Guide - Railways of the Eastern Region - vol. 1. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 81. ISBN 0-85059-712-9.
- Mitchell, Vic (June 2011). Branch Lines to Harwich and Hadleigh. Midhurst: Middleton Press. plan IX. ISBN 978-1-908174-02-4.
- Hughes, Geoffrey (1986). LNER. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. p. 157. ISBN 0-7110-1428-0.
- Mitchell 2011, plate 90
- Table 11 National Rail timetable, May 2016
|Preceding station||National Rail||Following station|
|Abellio Greater Anglia||Terminus|