Harwich Town railway station

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Harwich Town National Rail
Harwich Town station forecourt 2012.JPG
Location
Place Harwich
Local authority Tendring
Coordinates 51°56′38″N 1°17′13″E / 51.944°N 1.287°E / 51.944; 1.287Coordinates: 51°56′38″N 1°17′13″E / 51.944°N 1.287°E / 51.944; 1.287
Grid reference TM259324
Operations
Station code HWC
Managed by Abellio Greater Anglia
Number of platforms 1
DfT category F1
Live arrivals/departures, station information and onward connections
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2011/12 Increase 0.177 million
2012/13 Decrease 0.156 million
2013/14 Steady 0.156 million
2014/15 Decrease 0.151 million
2015/16 Decrease 0.135 million
History
1854 Opened
1865–66 Rebuilt
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Harwich Town from Office of Rail and Road statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
170433 at Edinburgh Waverley.JPG UK Railways portal
View of the terminus in 1997

Harwich Town railway station is the eastern terminus of the Mayflower Line, a branch of the Great Eastern Main Line, in the East of England, serving the port town of Harwich, Essex. It is 70 miles 60 chains (113.9 km) down-line from London Liverpool Street; the preceding station on the line is Dovercourt. Its three-letter station code is HWC.

The station is currently operated by Abellio Greater Anglia, which also runs all trains serving the station.

History[edit]

The line to Harwich was originally opened in 1854 but the present station was built on a revised alignment by the Great Eastern Railway (GER) in 1865–66, the original station in George Street, just a short distance to the north, having burned down.[1] The suffix "Town" was added to the station's name in 1883.[2]

The original station had three platforms and included lines which ran directly onto the two piers from which the GER ferry services operated. There was also a GER-owned hotel called The Great Eastern on the quay between the two piers.[2] These piers became redundant when the GER opened Harwich Parkeston Quay station up-river from Harwich Town and in 1923 the new operator London and North Eastern Railway (LNER) closed the hotel.[3]

There were also sidings and a 42 ft (12.8 m) turntable to the south-east of the rebuilt station.[2]

The arrival/sailing of a train ferry every six hours (day and night) with each vessel bringing and sailing with 36 continental wagons which were handled over sidings on the north-west side of the station created a high level of activity, and in later years car trains were regular users of the outer platforms delivering/collecting cars for MAT Transport and delivering cars, mainly for BMC, for eventual shipment from Navyard Wharf.[citation needed]

The station, goods yard, and movements to and from the train ferry terminal were controlled from a signal box positioned at the southern end of the station which was in use from 1882 until December 1985 and had 50 levers.[4]

Services[edit]

As of December 2015 the typical weekday off-peak service is one train per hour to Manningtree, although there some additional services at peak times. Trains generally call at all stations along the Mayflower Line; some are extended to or from Colchester and/or London Liverpool Street.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Body, Geoffrey (1986). PSL Field Guide - Railways of the Eastern Region - vol. 1. Wellingborough: Patrick Stephens Ltd. p. 81. ISBN 0-85059-712-9. 
  2. ^ a b c Mitchell, Vic (June 2011). Branch Lines to Harwich and Hadleigh. Midhurst: Middleton Press. plan IX. ISBN 978-1-908174-02-4. 
  3. ^ Hughes, Geoffrey (1986). LNER. Shepperton: Ian Allan Ltd. p. 157. ISBN 0-7110-1428-0. 
  4. ^ Mitchell 2011, plate 90
  5. ^ Table 11 National Rail timetable, May 2016
Preceding station National Rail Following station
Abellio Greater Anglia Terminus