Harwich and North Essex (UK Parliament constituency)

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Harwich and North Essex
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harwich and North Essex in Essex
Outline map
Location of Essex within England
CountyEssex
Electorate71,087 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created2010
Member of ParliamentBernard Jenkin (Conservative)
Number of membersOne
Created fromHarwich, North Essex
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

Harwich and North Essex /ˈhærɪ ...ˈɛsɪks/ is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament by Bernard Jenkin of the Conservative Party since its creation in 2010.[n 2]

History[edit]

The seat was created for the 2010 general election following a review of the Parliamentary representation of Essex by the Boundary Commission for England. It was formed from the majority of the abolished constituency of North Essex, together with the town of Harwich and surrounding areas, previously part of the abolished Harwich constituency, with the remainder of the Harwich seat creating the new seat of Clacton.

Jenkin was previously Member of Parliament for North Essex.

Boundaries[edit]

The District of Tendring wards of Alresford, Ardleigh and Little Bromley, Bradfield, Wrabness and Wix, Brightlingsea, Great and Little Oakley, Great Bentley, Harwich East, Harwick East Central, Harwich West, Harwich West Central, Lawford, Manningtree, Mistley, Little Bentley and Tendring, Ramsey and Parkeston, and Thorrington, Frating, Elmstead and Great Bromley, and the Borough of Colchester wards of Dedham and Langham, East Donyland, Fordham and Stour, Great Tey, Pyefleet, West Bergholt and Eight Ash Green, West Mersea, Wivenhoe Cross, and Wivenhoe Quay.[2]

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010.

The Commission has recommended that the town of Harwich be re-united with Clacton, with St Osyth and Weeley transferred back in, forming a constituency very similar to the old Harwich seat, but named Harwich and Clacton. The Borough of Colchester wards in the abolished Witham constituency would be transferred in and the small ward of East Donyland would be transferred to the constituency of Colchester. This leaves a seat with very similar boundaries to the old North Essex seat, but named North East Essex.[3]

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency maintains a strong maritime connection, containing the eponymous port and town of Harwich which offers regular ferry services to the Hook of Holland (Hoek van Holland) as well as having one of the larger container ports in Britain. Deprivation in terms of low income and unemployment exists in the Dovercourt, Parkeston and station neighbourhoods of Harwich itself and south of Brightlingsea whereas the other villages and towns (down to localised Output Areas of a few hundred homes) fall above the national average on the same measures.[4]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
2010 Bernard Jenkin Conservative

Elections[edit]

For results prior to the boundary review, see Harwich and North Essex

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General election 2019: Harwich and North Essex
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Mike Beckett[6]
Conservative Bernard Jenkin
General election 2017: Harwich and North Essex
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin[7] 29,921 58.5 +7.5
Labour Rosalind Scott[8] 15,565 30.4 +10.7
Liberal Democrat Dominic Graham[9] 2,787 5.4 -1.9
UKIP Aaron Hammond[8] 1,685 3.3 -14.2
Green Blake Roberts[8][10] 1,042 2.0 -2.3
Christian Peoples Stephen Todd[11] 141 0.3 +0.3
Majority 14,356 28.1 -3.2
Turnout 51,141 71.7 +1.8
Conservative hold Swing -1.6
General election 2015: Harwich and North Essex[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin 24,722 51.0 +4.1
Labour Edward Browne[13] 9,548 19.7 -0.2
UKIP Mark Hughes[13] 8,464 17.5 +12.3
Liberal Democrat Dominic Graham[13] 3,576 7.4 -16.2
Green Christopher Flossman 2,122 4.4 +2.5
Majority 15,174 31.3 +7.9
Turnout 48,432 69.9 +0.6
Conservative hold Swing
General election 2010: Harwich and North Essex[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bernard Jenkin* 23,001 46.9 +4.3
Liberal Democrat James Raven 11,554 23.6 +4.3
Labour Darren Barrenger 9,774 19.9 -10.9
UKIP Simon Anselmi 2,572 5.2 +1.5
BNP Stephen Robey 1,065 2.2 +2.2
Green Chris Fox 909 1.9 -1.8
Independent Peter Bates 170 0.3 +0.3
Majority 11,447 23.4
Turnout 49,000 69.3
Conservative hold Swing +0.0
* Served as an MP in the 2005–2010 Parliament

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-09-11.
  3. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review (September 2018). "Final recommendations report" (PDF).
  4. ^ "Local statistics - Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk.
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  6. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 27 October 2019.
  7. ^ "BERNARD JENKIN CANDIDATE FOR HARWICH & NORTH ESSEX". bernardjenkin.com. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  8. ^ a b c "Green Party announces candidates for Colchester and Harwich and North Essex constituencies". Harwich and Manningtree Standard. Retrieved 6 May 2017.
  9. ^ "Liberal Democrat candidate for Harwich and North Essex confirmed as Dominic Graham". Harwich and Manningtree Standard. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  10. ^ ""Last night we selected our two candidates for the General Election. Mark Goacher will be standing in the Colchester constituency and Blake Roberts in Harwich and North Essex!"". Colchester & District Green Party Facebook page. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  11. ^ "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll". Colchester Borough Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  13. ^ a b c "UKIP chooses candidate for Harwich seat". Harwich and Manningtree Standard. 11 December 2014. Retrieved 17 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  15. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Harwich & Essex North". BBC News.

Coordinates: 51°55′N 1°01′E / 51.92°N 1.02°E / 51.92; 1.02