Harz Railway

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Harz Railway
Harzquerbahn near Drei Annen Hohne - 2007-09-19.jpg
Train heading towards the Brocken on
the Trans-Harz Railway near Drei Annen Hohne
Overview
Native name Harzquerbahn
Locale Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia, Germany
Termini Nordhausen
Wernigerode
Line number 9700
Technical
Line length 60.5 km (37.6 mi)
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Minimum radius 60 m (197 ft)
Operating speed 40 km/h (24.9 mph) (maximum)
Maximum incline 3.3%
Route number
  • 326 Nordhausen–Drei Annen Hohne
  • 325 Drei Annen Hohne–Wernigerode
Route map
The Harz Railway is shown in blue as part of the HSB network

Nordhausen Bahnhofsplatz
0.0
Nordhausen Nord
interchange with DB AG
184 m
System change BOStrab / ESBO
0.2
from tramway (line 10, since 2004)
1.1
Nordhausen Übergabebahnhof
1.5
Nordhausen Hesseröder Straße
2.2
Nordhausen Altentor
189 m
3.0
Nordhausen Ricarda-Huch-Straße
3.8
Nordhausen Schurzfell
4.5
Nordhausen Krimderode
198 m
6.0
Niedersachswerfen Herkulesmarkt
from Harzungen Lager
7.0
Niedersachswerfen Ost
213 m
8.0
Niedersachswerfen Ilfelder Straße
9.9
Ilfeld Schreiberwiese
10.7
Ilfeld
earlier Ilfeld-Wiegersdorf
254 m
11.5
Ilfeld Neanderklinik
(terminus of line 10)
267 m
B 4
11.7
Paper factory siding
12.6
Ilfeld Bad
287 m
Bere, Ilfeld Viaduct
B 4
14.0
Netzkater
309 m
Brandesbach
Kleiner Merkelsbach
Großer Merkelsbach
17.3
Eisfelder Talmühle
352 m
Bere
19.5
Tiefenbachmühle
411 m
21.5
Sophienhof
445 m
25.1
Zlst (DTC) Kälberbruch
(formerly timber loading)
Dammbach
29.8
Benneckenstein
530 m
33.4
Sorge
(since 1974)
490 m
33.9
34.2
Sorge
(lower station / NWE)
until 1974
490 m
37.4
Zlst (DTC) Allerbach
(formerly timber loading)
Kleiner Allerbach
38.2
line peak
556 m
Ochsenbach
40.5
41.1
41.6
Elend
509 m
Dammastbach
Steinbach
46.4
Drei Annen Hohne
formerly to Rübeland Railway
Drängetalwasser
50.4
Drängetal
51.6
Thumkuhlenkopf Tunnel (58 m)
52.7
Schotterwerk Thumkuhlental
54.6
Steinerne Renne
311 m
54.9
Marble works siding
Holtemme
Holtemme
Holtemme
56.2
Wernigerode-Hasserode
280 m
55.7
Stone loading siding
57.1
Hasserode II - Frankenfeldstraße
(until 1922)
57.5
Paper factory siding
58.0
WR-Hochschule Harz
(WR-Kirchstraße)
256 m
58.5
Marschhausen paper factory siding
59.0
Westerntor
(until 1936)
59.3
Westerntor crossing B 244
59.5
Wernigerode-Westerntor
238 m
Wernigerode transfer station
60.5
Wernigerode
interchange with DB
234 m
Source: German railway atlas[1][2]

The Harz Railway or Trans-Harz Railway (German: Harzquerbahn) was formerly the main line of the Harz Narrow Gauge Railways (Harzer Schmalspurbahnen or HSB) and runs north to south right across the Harz Mountains from Wernigerode to Nordhausen. However, the tourist attraction of the Brocken, the highest mountain in the Harz, is so great that the Brocken Railway is effectively the main line today. The Trans-Harz Railway joins up with the Selke Valley Railway to Quedlinburg at Eisfelder Talmühle where all trains are organised to make good connections.

Route[edit]

The line begins at the HSB's narrow gauge station in Nordhausen (Nordhausen Nord). It lies in northwest of and parallel to the standard gauge railway station. After passing the link line to the Nordhausen Tramway that joins it from the right, the railway bends towards the north and runs for 7 km to the station of Niedersachswerfen Ost almost parallel to the standard gauge line from Nordhausen to Ellrich (the South Harz Line). The Harz mountains begin beyond Ilfeld (km 10.7). Behind Netzkater (km 14.0) lies the station of Eisfelder Talmühle (km 17.3), where the Selke Valley Railway branches off in a curve to the right.

The Trans-Harz Railway continues to follow the B 81 federal road as far as Tiefenbachmühle halt (km 19.5) before turning in a westerly direction in order to reach the request stop of Sophienhof (km 21.0), the last stop in Thuringia. The line runs through spruce forests over the state border with Saxony-Anhalt. At Benneckenstein station (km 29.8) the line crosses the ridge at 530 m above NN, its highest point so far. It then runs downhill into the valley of the Warme Bode, where the halt of Sorge (km 33.4; 449 m above NN) is located. Next the route climbs to its next summit at 557 m. After Elend (km 41.6) the line reaches the junction with the Brocken Railway at Drei-Annen-Hohne station (km 46.4). In 2009 the construction of a new stub line from Elend to Braunlage was discussed (see South Harz Railway Company).

Behind Drei-Annen-Hohne the line runs steeply downhill and the railway reaches the 58 m long tunnel below the Thumkuhlenkopf. It is the only tunnel in the Harz Narrow Gauge Railway network. On emerging from the tunnel Wernigerode Castle can soon be seen in the distance. In the vicinity of the station at Steinerne Renne (km 54.5) the line enters one of the HSB's tightest curves with a 60-metre radius, before reaching the station of Wernigerode-Hasserode (km 56.3). The next stations en route are Hochschule Harz halt (formerly Wernigerode-Kirchstraße) and Westerntor station (where the Wernigerode-Westerntor Bahnbetriebswerk is found) at Wernigerode. Its terminus is the station at Wernigerode (km 60.5).

History[edit]

The Trans-Harz Railway around 1900

The first section of the Trans-Harz Railway to go into service on 12 July 1897 was the line from Nordhausen to Ilfeld. On 7 February 1898 it was extended as far as Netzkater and on 15 September that year to Benneckenstein. From the north the section Wernigerode to Drei-Annen-Hohne was completed on 20 June 1898. The remaining section between Drei-Annen-Hohne and Benneckenstein was finally opened on 27 March 1899 along with the line up to the Brocken, the highest peak in the Harz mountains. The original operating company was the Nordhausen-Wernigerode Railway Company. After the compulsory acquisition of the line in 1949, the East German Deutsche Reichsbahn ran it until 1993.

From 1899 the Trans-Harz Railway crossed another metre gauge line at Sorge. This other line was operated by the South Harz Railway Company (SHE) and ran from Walkenried via Brunnenbachsmühle and Sorge to Tanne. A link line, initially just for passenger trains, was laid in 1913. In 1945 services between Sorge and Brunnenbachsmühle were closed, because this section crossed the Inner German Border. The section from Sorge to Tanne continued to be worked until 1958. The tracks were left on the border bridge until the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989.

Operations[edit]

Railway traffic has sharply increased in recent years on the section between Nordhausen and Ilfeld. Since 2004 Nordhausen hybrid-trams have run directly from Ilfeld into the tram network at Nordhausen. Other trains run to Eisfelder Talmühle and continue onto the Selke Valley Railway. Apart from one pair of steam trains, all services are worked by diesel railbuses. The only remaining goods trains on the Harz Narrow Gauge Railways work the line between Nordhausen and Eisfelder Talmühle. These regularly transport standard gauge ballast wagons from the Hartsteinwerken Unterberg on rollbocks to Nordhausen. A number of converted diesel locomotives are available for this, which have couplers and buffers at the right height for handling standard gauge goods wagons.[3]

After 1993 daily trains services between Eisfelder Talmühle and Drei-Annen-Hohne were restricted to four pairs of trains. Only two pairs were hauled by steam locomotives. In addition, between Drei Annen Hohne and Wernigerode through trains run on the Brocken–Wernigerode route, the majority being steam-hauled.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas). Schweers + Wall. 2009. pp. 44, 56. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0. 
  2. ^ Lothar Brill. "Bilder der Strecke: 9700 (KBS 326 / KBS 678)" (in German). Tunnelportale. Retrieved 27 November 2017. 
  3. ^ Veröffentlichung der Interessengemeinschaft Harzer Schmalspurbahnen Archived 2011-07-19 at the Wayback Machine.

Sources[edit]

  • Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland – Ausgabe 2005/2006. Schweers + Wall, Aachen 2005, ISBN 3-89494-134-0
  • Hans Röper; Helmut Becker; Werner Dill; Gerhard Zieglgänsberger (1992) (in German), Die Harzquer- und Brockenbahn (3. erweiterte ed.), Berlin: transpress, ISBN 3-344-70747-7 

Gallery[edit]

Film[edit]

External links[edit]