Hasan Ferit Alnar

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Hasan Ferit Alnar
Hasan Ferit Alnar.jpg
Early black and white image of Hasan Ferit Alnar
Born11 March 1906 (1906-03-11)
DiedJuly 30, 1978(1978-07-30) (aged 72)
OccupationComposer, Conductor
Years active1930–1955
Known forHis compositions combine classical Turkish music and Western music techniques
Spouse(s)Ayhan Aydan (1943–1952)

Hasan Ferid Alnar (11 March 1906 – 30 July 1978) was a Turkish classical music composer.[1]

He was a member of the Turkish Five, in the first half of the 20th century. Alnar is known for his efforts for harmonization of classical Turkish music elements and the classical music techniques. His best-known works are the Concerto for Kanun and String Orchestra and the Cello Concerto.

From 1946 to 1952, he was the conductor of the Presidential Symphony Orchestra, and from 1955 to 1960, he was the General Music Director of the Ankara Opera House at the State Theaters. After retiring in 1961, Alnar lived in Vienna and managed concerts in Central European cities. In 1964, he returned to Ankara and taught harmony, form knowledge and orchestration at the Ankara State Conservatory until his death in 1978.


Alnar was born in 1906 in Sarachane, Istanbul.[2] His father was General Manager of PTT Hüseyin Bey and his mother was Saime Hanım.[3] The first child of the family; his brother Orhan Alnar is six years younger than him.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Heper, Metin; Criss, Nur Bilge (21 January 2009). Historical Dictionary of Turkey. Scarecrow Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-8108-6281-4. Retrieved 27 September 2017.
  2. ^ Altınköprü, Halil (2004). "Cumhuriyet Döneminde Türk müziğinde çağdaşlaşma çalışmaları ve Hasan Ferit Alnar" ["Modernization studies in Turkish music in the Republican Era and Hasan Ferit Alnar] (pdf). Ege University Graduate School of Social Sciences (in Turkish). Masters thesis. Retrieved 3 February 2019.
  3. ^ Mehmet Nazmi Özalp (2000). Türk mûsikı̂si tarihi (in Turkish). Milli Eğitim Bakanlığı. p. 306. ISBN 978-975-11-1665-9. Retrieved 8 May 2019.

Further Reading

  • Aydin, Yilmaz (2002). Die Werke der 'Türkischen Fünf' im Lichte der Musikalischen Wechselbeziehungen zwischen der Türkei und Europa. Europäische Hochshculschriften, Peter Lang Publisher.