Hasan Hafeez Ahmed

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For other people named Hasan Ahmed, see Hasan Ahmed (disambiguation).
Hasan Hafeez Ahmed
Chief of Naval Staff of Pakistan Navy
In office
3 March 1972 – 9 March 1975
Preceded by Muzaffar Hassan
Succeeded by Mohammad Shariff
Personal details
Born Muzaffar Hassan
Multan, Punjab, British Indian Empire
Present-day Pakistan
Died 1975 (aged 48–49)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Citizenship British Subject (1926–1947)
Pakistan (1947–1975
Awards Yellow Crescent, Symbol of Islam.png Hilal-i-Quaid-e-Azam
Order of Pakistan.pngSitara-e-Pakistan
Tamgha-e-Quaid-e-Azam (1965)
Military service
Nickname(s) H.H. Ahmed
Service/branch  Royal Indian Navy (1945–1947)
Naval Jack of Pakistan.svg Pakistan Navy (1947–71)
Years of service 1945–1975
Rank Insignia Vice Admiral Pakistan Navy.gifUS-O9 insignia.svg Vice-Admiral
Unit Navy Executive Branch
Commands Commander Coast (COMCOAST)
Comdnt. Cadet College Petaro

World War II

Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

Vice-Admiral Hasan Hafeez Ahmed (Urdu:حسن حفيظ احمد ;b. 1926-8 March 1975:329[2]), TQA, usually shortened to H.H. Ahmed, was a three-star rank admiral who served as the first Chief of Naval Staff (CNS) of Pakistan Navy from 1972 until his death in 1975. [2]

Despite appointed to the four-star appointment, he was retained at the three-star rank and took over the command of the Navy from its Commander Vice-Admiral Muzaffar Hassan who was dismissed from the military service.


Hassan Hafeez Ahmad was born in Multan, Punjab, British India , in 1926.:3[1] He was educated in a local school in Multan and was a contemporary of Mansoor Shah who would later joined the Pakistan Air Force in 1947.:288-289[3]

After his high school graduation in 1943, he joined the Royal Indian Navy as a petty officer and participated in World War II on behalf of the Great Britain in 1944.:289[3] In 1945, he joined the Britannia Royal Naval College in Dartmouth, England where he graduated in 1947.:3[1] Upon returning to British India, he joined the Pakistan Navy and gained commissioned as Sub-Lieutenant.:3[1] He continued his training with the Royal Navy and specialized in technical naval courses from the United Kingdom in 1947-49.:3[1] It is known very little of his military service in Navy and his early life besides the military literature published on the combined military histories of India and Pakistan.

In 1964, he went to the Latimer, Buckinghamshire, England, where he went to attend the Joint Service Defence College where he graduated with a joint staff degree in 1965.:3[1] Upon his return, he was posted in Ministry of Defence as an undersecretary as a Director of Naval Operations and participated in second war in 1965.:3[1] After the war, he was posted in Pakistan Embassy in Washington D.C. as a military attaché which he remained until 1966.:3[1] In 1970, he was appointed as first commandant of the Pakistan Naval Academy as a Commodore and was appointed as Commander Coast in 1971 as a Rear-Admiral. :3[1]:235[4]:Annexure[5]

After participated in the third war with India in 1971, he continued to served as commander of the coastal defense command but demoted to Commodore in the Navy.:180[6] In 1972, he was elevated as the first Chief of Naval Staff after the dismissal of Muzaffar Hassan. He was the most junior officer and superseded five senior admirals including three Rear-Admirals and two Commodores.:76-77[7]

As a naval chief, his task was to reconstruct and rebuild the navy into a formidable force.:46[8] In a short spa of time, he transformed the Navy into three-dimensional force when he commissioned the naval aviation and commissioning the new Navy NHQ in Rawalpindi in the vicinity of Army GHQ in 1974..:46[8]

On 8 March 1975, he unexpectedly died while serving as naval chief and commanding the navy, at the age of 49.:44[9] He was the first of two chief of staff who died in the office- the other being General Asif Nawaz.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Martell, Paul; Hayes, Grace P. World military leaders. Bowker. ISBN 9780835207850. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Rizvi, Hasan Askari. The Military & Politics in Pakistan, 1947-1997. Sang-e-Meel Publications. ISBN 9789693511482. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Shah, PAF, Air Commodore Mansoor (2002). The Gold Bird: Pakistan and Its Air Force—Observations of a Pilot. Karachi, [pk]: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195797725. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  4. ^ Roy, Mihir K. War in the Indian Ocean. Lancer Publishers. ISBN 9781897829110. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  5. ^ Cardozo, Major General Ian. The Sinking of INS Khukri: Survivor's Stories. Roli Books Private Limited. ISBN 9789351940999. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  6. ^ Hussain, Syed Shabbir. Ayub, Bhutto, and Zia: How They Fell Victim to Their Own Plans. Sang-e-Meel Publications. ISBN 9789693510805. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  7. ^ Jafri, Maqsood (2008). The Ideals of Bhutto. University of Michigan press. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  8. ^ a b Anwar, Dr Muhammad. Friends Near Home: Pakistan's Strategic Security Options. AuthorHouse. ISBN 9781467015417. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 
  9. ^ Ali, S. Akhtar (1 January 1975). "Death of a Silent Admiral". Pakistan Economist. S. Akhtar Ali. 15 (1-13). Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Muzaffar Hassan
Chief of Naval Staff
Succeeded by
Mohammad Shariff