Telli Hasan Pasha

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Hasan Predojević
Native name Hasan Predojević
Birth name Nikola Predojević
Born c. 1530
Lušci Palanka, Sanjak of Bosnia, Ottoman Empire
Died 22 June 1593 (aged 63)
Sisak, Kingdom of Croatia, Habsburg Monarchy
Allegiance Ottoman Empire
Years of service –1593
Rank Beylerbey of Bosnia Eyalet, Vizier

Hasan Predojević (c. 1530 – 22 June 1593), known in Ottoman Turkish as Telli Hasan Pasha (Turkish: Telli Hasan Paşa)[a], was the fifth Ottoman beylerbey (vali) of Bosnia and a notable Ottoman Bosnian military commander, who led an invasion of the Habsburg Kingdom of Croatia during the Ottoman wars in Europe.

Early life[edit]

He was born Nikola Predojević[1][2] into the Predojević clan, Orthodox Serbs or Vlachs from Eastern Herzegovina.[3][b] According to Muvekkit Hadžihuseinović he was born in Lušci Palanka, in the Bosanska Krajina region,[4] however, according to his nickname Hersekli, he was from Herzegovina.[5] The birthplace has been given specifically as Bijela Rudina, Bileća.[6]

An Ottoman sultan wrote in a book that he had requested from a notable lord in Herzegovina, named Predojević, that 30 small Serb children (including Predojević's only son Jovan, and his nephew Nikola) to be sent to Ottoman service (see devshirme).[7] After his conversion to Islam he was given the name Hasan.

Telli Hasan Pasha had the Rmanj Monastery renewed as a seat of his brother, Orthodox monk Gavrilo Predojević.[8]

Ottoman service[edit]

Sanjak-bey of Segedin[edit]

During the rule of Murat III (1574–1595) he became Sanjak-bey of the Sanjak of Segedin,[9] where he stayed until June 1591.

Beylerbey of Bosnia[edit]

Hasan-paša Predojević led the Ottoman army from the Bosnia Eyalet into the Battle of Sisak in 1593.

He was elevated and appointed beylerbey (Governor-General) of the Bosnia Eyalet in 1591. A bellicose and dynamic military leader, Hasan strengthened the army of the Eyalet equipping it with better horses and erecting a bridge at Gradiška with the purpose of easier maneuvering between Bosnia and Slavonia.[10]

In August 1591, without a declaration of war, Hasan Pasha attacked Habsburg Croatia and reached Sisak, but was repelled after 4 days of fighting. Thomas Erdődy, the Ban of Croatia, launched a counterattack and seized much of the Moslavina region. The same year Hasan Pasha launched another attack, taking the town of Ripač on the Una River. These raids forced the Ban to declare a general uprising to defend the country in late January, 1592.[11] These actions of the regional Ottoman forces under Hasan Pasha seem to have been contrary to the interest and policy of the central Ottoman administration in Istanbul,[12] as the two realms had signed a nine-year peace treaty earlier in 1590. Hasan Pasha's forces of approximately 20,000 janissaries[13] continued to raid the region, with the goal of seizing the strategically important town of Senj and its port and to eliminate the Uskoci, Habsburg pirates who had engaged in guerrilla warfare against the Ottomans. Bihać was conquered on June 19, 1592.[14] Records show that nearly 2,000 people died in defense of the town, and an estimated 800 children were taken for Ottoman servitude (see devshirme), to be educated in Islam and become janissaries, as Hasan had been himself.[10] During this two-year campaign, the Ottoman Bosnian regional invading forces, led by Hasan Pasha, burned to the ground 26 cities throughout the Croatian Frontier and took some 35,000 war captives.[15][16] At the same time, he settled Orthodox Serbs in the "whole region around Bihać" from 1592 to 1593,[17] as well as Orthodox Vlachs from Eastern Herzegovina in the central part of the Una river region (Pounje), around Brekovica, Ripač, Ostrovica and Vrla Draga up to Sokolovac.[18]

Fethija, a mosque in Bihać, formerly a Romanic church. After the fall of the city to the Ottoman army, and its conversion into capital of its own Sanjak, the old main Romanic church was converted into a mosque and renamed "Fethija" (conquered)

At first, Telli Hasan Pasha met little resistance, allowing him to capture numerous Uskoci settlements, where they enslaved or slaughtered the entire population and burned the settlements. His forces soon besieged and captured Senj and exterminated the Uskoci population. For his successes, the Pasha was awarded the title of "Vizier" by the Sultan. However, the following year, Telli Hasan Pasha decided to advance further into Croatia. His force of some twenty-thousand was soundly defeated in his third attempt to conquer Sisak, in the battle that took place near by that fortified town,[19] in which Hasan Pasha is generally reported to have died,[20][21] alongside his brother Džafer Bey (governor of the Sanjak of Zvornik), Mehmed Pasha (the sultan's nephew and governor of the Sanjak of Herzegovina), Opardi Bey (governor of the Sanjak of Klis-Livno),[22][23] and many other Turkish and Bosnian Muslim Pashas, Beys and Aghas,[24] who accompanied the Vizier in his campaign, having been routed. According to Mustafa Naima: "The brave Hasan Pasha himself also met with his fate, having fallen into the river with one of the bridges which had been cut to prevent the pursuit of the enemy. Such was the result of this terrible day."[25] Indeed, after he had drowned in the river, his dress was taken as a trophy to Ljubljana where it was remade into the sacerdotal coat worn by the bishop during the celebration of the Thanksgiving mass.[26]

Aftermath and legacy[edit]

A monastery was built on the location of his grave, after requests of a Predojević to Sultan Murad, who also granted Kolunić and Smiljan (metochion).[2]


  1. ^ His name was Nikola Predojević.[2] Chroniclers and historians call him by various names, such as (in Serbo-Croatian): "Gazi Hasan-paša", "Hasan-paša Došen", "Predojević", "Klobučarić", "Hersekli", "Deli Hasan-paša" and "Derviš Hasan-paša".[27] "Klobučarić" is derived from Klobuk, where he hailed from.
  2. ^ In Serb historiography the Vlach ethnonym is usually claimed to be a synonym of Serbs during this period. Vlach was a social class within the millet system in the Ottoman Empire with privileges compared to the class of the Rayah. Nationalist historians like Dominik Mandić ignored this and proclaimed all >> Vlachs<< as a separate Aromanian nation, with the suggestion that in Bosnia as supposedly Croatian land there were no Serbs, but these were all Aromanians.


  1. ^ Гласник 3. М. 9, 1897, 695, упор. и Б. Вила 19, 1904, 71. — 25. 

    »Никола Предојевић« је и име пастира (доцније Хасан паше) који је освојио Бихаћ. Он је пасао овце на »Предојевића Главици« 

  2. ^ a b c Bosanska vila, Vol. 19. Nikola T. Kašiković. 1904. p. 71. 

    Предојевић ... Никола [...] Цар турски, Мурат П. допусти Предојевићу да цркву саградити може, а царица (султанија) му пак даде све трошкове, што су за градњу требали. Предојевић на гробници убијеног Николе сагради манастир, те по томе и манастир ...

  3. ^ Dominik Mandić (1990). id=eukJAQAAIAAJ Hrvati i Srbi: dva stara, razlicita naroda Check |url= scheme (help). Nakladni zavod Matice Hrvatske. p. 145. ISBN 978-86-401-0081-6. 

    [After the fall of Bihać in 1592 the Bosnian Beylerbey Hasan Pasha Predojević settled Orthodox Vlachs from Eastern Herzegovina, especially those of his own Predojević clan, in the central part of Pounje around Brekovica, Ripač, Ostrovica and Vrla Draga up to Sokolovac.]

  4. ^ Mithad Kozličić (2003). Unsko-sansko područje na starim geografskim kartama. Nacionalna i Univerzitetska Biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine. ISBN 978-9958-500-22-0. To je doista Hasan-paša Predojević. Prema HADŽIHUSEINOVIĆ MUVEKKIT, S. S., 1999, svezak l, str. 183, Hasan- paša je islamizirani Bosanac iz "sela Lušci, u kadiluku Mejdan", tj. iz današnjeg naselja Lušci- Palanka pored Starog Majdana ... 
  5. ^ Srpski etnografski zbornik 12. 1909. p. 119. Predoeuich Vlachus comitis Pauli“, који је на двадест и пет коња изгонио со из Дубравника.“) Осим тога зна се, да је био и један паша који се звао Херцегли Гази Хасан паша Предојевић, за кога неки тврде, да је поријеклом нз Б. Крајине, али из самог атрибута Херцегли види се да је из Херцеговине, као што је то и Башагић тачно опазио ... 
  6. ^ Književnost (9-12). 1991. Ријеч је о предању да је израду ове фреске платио Хасан-паша Предојевић, поријеклом с Бијеле Рудине, који је у Планој код Би- леће саградио џамију с четвртастим минаретом, а у Пријевору је за мајку саградио цркву која на ... 
  7. ^ "Предојевић кнез и његов братић Никола". Srpski etnografski zbornik, Vol. 41. Državna štamparija. 1927. p. 392. 

    У старо вријеме писао је цар турски књигу у Херцеговину некаквом знатном кнезу, званом Предо- јевићу, да му пошаље тридесет малијех српскијех дјечака, и с њима свога јединог сина Јована. Када је Предојевић ...

  8. ^ Ljiljana Ševo (1998). Monasteries and wooden churches of the Banja Luka eparchy. Glas Srpski. p. 28. and the monastery of Rmanj was renewed by Hassan Pasha Predojevic, as a chair to his brother, the monk Gavrilo Predojevic. 
  9. ^ Historical review 37. Prosveta. 1991. p. 65. Хасан-паша Предоевип до тада готово непозна- ти санцак-бег Сегедина. 
  10. ^ a b R. Lopašić, Spomenici Hrvatske krajine, III. (Zagreb, 1889)
  11. ^ Vjekoslav Klaić: Povijest Hrvata od najstarijih vremena do svršetka XIX. stoljeća, Knjiga peta, Zagreb, 1988, p. 471
  12. ^ Moačanin, Nenad: Some Problems of Interpretation of Turkish Sources concerning the Battle of Sisak in 1593, in: Nazor, Ante et al. (ed.), Sisačka bitka 1593, Proceedings of the Meeting from 18–19 June 1993. Zagreb-Sisak (1994); ISBN/ISSN 9-531-75024-4, pp. 125–130.
  13. ^ Joseph Hammer-Purgstall (Freiherr von) (1829). Geschichte des osmanischen Reiches: Bd. 1574-1623. C. A. Hartleben. 
  14. ^ Mihailo Petrović (1941). Đerdapski ribolovi u prošlosti i u sadašnjosti. Izd. Zadužbine Mikh. R. Radivojeviča. 
  15. ^ Lopašić (1890). Bihać i Bihaćka krajina, mjestopisne i poviestne crtice. Matica hrvatska. pp. 60, 95. 
  16. ^ Izbor LASZOWSKI. Habsburski spomenici, I. pp. 176, 180. 
  17. ^ Milan Vasić (1995). Bosna i Hercegovina od srednjeg veka do novijeg vremena: međunarodni naučni skup 13-15. decembar 1994. Istorijski institut SANU. 
  18. ^ Dominik Mandić. Hrvati i Srbi: dva stara, razlicita naroda. p. 145. 
  19. ^ Luthar 2008, p. 215
  20. ^ Hasan Celâl Güzel; Cem Oğuz; Osman Karatay; Murat Ocak (2002). The Turks: Ottomans (2 v. ). Yeni Türkiye. 
  21. ^ Ivo Goldstein: Croatia. A History, Transl. by Nikolina Jovanović, London: C. Hurst & Co., 1999, p. 39 ISBN 1-85065-525-1, ISBN 978-1-85065-525-1
  22. ^ Alfred H. Loebl, Das Reitergefecht bei Sissek vom 22. Juni 1593. Mitteilungen des Instituts für Österreichische Geschichtsforschung IX (1915): p. 767-787.
  23. ^ Peter Radics, Die Schlacht bei Sissek, 22. Juni 1593. (Ljubljana: Josef Blasnik, 1861)
  24. ^ Dominik Mandić. Croats and Serbs: Two Old and Different Nations. p. 112. 
  25. ^ Mustafa Naima (1832). Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian Era. Oriental Translation Fund. pp. 315–. 
  26. ^ Bojan Baskar. "Ambivalent Dealings with an Imperial Past: The Habsburg Legacy and New Nationhood in ex-Yugoslavia" (PDF). p. 4. 
  27. ^ Đenana Buturović (1992). Bosanskomuslimanska usmena epika. Institut za književnost. p. 382.