Hasan Tahsin

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Hasan Tahsin
Hasan tahsin2.jpg
Native name
Osman Nevres
Born
Osman Nevres

1888
Died15 May 1919
Smyrna, Ottoman Empire
NationalityOttoman
OccupationJournalist, member of the Ottoman Special Organization
OrganizationSpecial Organization
Known forOpening of fire on the Greek soldiers that landed at Smyrna
MovementPan-Turkism

Hasan Tahsin was the code name of Osman Nevres (1888 – 15 May 1919), an Ottoman-born Turkish nationalist[1][2], patriot, journalist, republican from a Dönmeh[3][4][5][6] background and a hero of the Turkish nation whose name has been given by the Turkish Armed Forces to the Information Center of the Turkish General Staff (Genelkurmay İletişim Başkanlığı'nın Hasan Tahsin Bilgi Merkezi). A member of the Ottoman Special Organization, he unsuccessfully tried to assassinate the Buxton Brothers: Noel Noel-Buxton, 1st Baron Noel-Buxton and Charles Roden Buxton in Romania during World War I[7]. He was sentenced to five-years imprisonment for the attempt. He was released when German forces overran Romania.[8]:75

He is the national symbol of the Turkish resistance to enemy forces. He is the first to open fire on the Greek soldiers that landed at Smyrna (present day İzmir) on May 15, 1919[9] in the opening act of the Greek occupation of more than three years that extended over a large part of western Anatolia, as well as of the Greco-Turkish War (1919-1922). He was killed on the spot on May 15, 1919 after killing the standard-bearer of the Greek forces invading İzmir, becoming the first martyr of the Turkish War of Independence. At the time of his death he was publishing and writing for the newspaper "Hukuk-u Beşer" (Ottoman Turkish for "Human Rights")[10]. He was one of the first journalists who talked openly about women's rights.

The first bullet statue of Hasan Tahsin, İzmir, Turkey

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bozkurt Güvenç, Türk Kimliği, Kültür Bakanlığı, 1993, p. 32. (in Turkish)
  2. ^ Yaşar Aksoy, Hasan Tahsin’in Anlamı, Haberhüriyeti
  3. ^ Arda Sualp - M. Ali Eren, "Cumhuriyet hanedanları" Archived 2015-05-18 at the Wayback Machine, Aksiyon, Sayı: 51 / Tarih : 25-11-1995. (in Turkish)
  4. ^ Ilgaz Zorlu, Evet, ben Selânikliyim: Türkiye Sabetaycılığı, Belge Yayınları, 1999, p. 95. (in Turkish)
  5. ^ Abdurrahman Küçük, Dönmeler ve Dönmelik Tarihi, Ünal Matbaası, 1979, p. 237. (in Turkish)
  6. ^ Orhan Türkdoğan, Osmanlı'dan Günümüze türk Toplum Yapısı, Çamlıca Yayınları, 2002, p. 166. (in Turkish)
  7. ^ "Teşkilat-ı Mahsusa üyesi Hasan Tahsin", Hürriyet, 17 Mayıs 2009 (in Turkish)
  8. ^ Noel-Buxton, Noel Noel-Buxton Baron; Leese, Charles Leonard (1919). Balkan Problems and European Peace. G. Allen & Unwin.
  9. ^ Yaşar Aksoy, Jülide Tunaseli, Love for 70 years: Izmir Fair, Metropolitan Municipality of Izmir, 2001, p. 1.
  10. ^ http://www.haberhurriyeti.com/IcerikDetay/533-hasan-tahsin%E2%80%99in-anlami.aspx