|Buzan Shinrakuin Hase-dera|
|Founded||8th century (727?)|
|Address||731-1 Hatsuse, Sakurai, Nara Prefecture|
According to the description on the bronze plaque known as the Hokke Sessō-zu (銅板法華説相図 dōban hokke sessō zu?), which is enshrined at Hase-dera, the temple was first built in 686 and dedicated to Emperor Temmu, who was suffering from a disease. Later, in the year 727, the temple was expanded by order of Emperor Shōmu and a statue of the eleven-faced Kannon was placed near the original temple that enshrined the bronze plaque. The temple has been burned down and rebuilt as many as ten times since the 10th century.
During the Heian period the temple was favored by members of the nobility such as the authors of the Kagerō Nikki and the Sarashina Nikki. Hase-dera was consistently popular with visitors, helped by the fact it was situated on what was then the route to the Ise Shrine. Later still, Hase-dera flourished as one of the centers of the reformed Shingon Buddhism, particularly after the arrival of priest Sen'yo from Negoro-ji in 1588.
The current Main Hall is a reconstruction of 1650 built using donations from Tokugawa Iemitsu. A covered wooden staircase (登廊 noborirō?), 200 metres long, leads to the Hall from the Niō Gate. Visitors are especially numerous in the spring, when the 700 Chinese peonies that line the staircase are in bloom, and in the fall, when the leaves of the many maple trees in the temple grounds have turned red.
The designated Important Cultural Properties at Hase-dera include:
- The Main Hall (National Treasure): The Main Hall at Hase-dera is one of the largest halls in the Nara prefecture, the statue of the Eleven Faced Kannon is located in this hall.
- The bronze plaque of the Hokke Sessō-zu (National Treasure): This plaque measures 75 cm(width)x 84 cm (height) and features at its center a hexagonal three story pagoda, surrounded by a series of panels showing two Buddhas sitting on lotus seats, as well as various deities and monks. The lower panel features 27 lines of inscription that is boarded by two guardian gods.
- The Hokke Sutra (National Treasure)
- The Niōmon (Important Cultural Property): The Niō are present at the gates of many Japanese Buddhist temples, one for each side of the entrance. These statues are protectors of the temple, and can be thought of in English as two benevolent kings. These statues lend their name to the gate of the temple, which has become known as the Nio gate. The Nio have a threatening appearance in order to discourage demons and thieves.
- The Shōrō (Important Cultural Property): In 1984 the original bell was replaced, and the original was placed in the treasure hall
- The Staircase (Important Cultural Property): The staircase is made up of 399 small stone steps, and is around 200 meters long. Pilgrims who visit the temple believe that when walking the staircase it help to get rid of the 108 illusions that they believe lead to all human suffering.
- The Eleven-faced Kannon (Important Cultural Property): The Statue of the Eleven Faced Kannon (or the Goddess of Mercy) is 9.3 meters or 31 ft tall and it is said that it was carved by a priest known as Tokodu.This is said to be the largest wooden statue in Japan. This statue depicts one of the most popular Deities in Japan, and has 11 faces. These faces are made up of one primary face and 10 secondary and are said to allow Kannon to see all around, in case anyone is in need of her assistance.
- List of National Treasures of Japan (crafts-others)
- List of National Treasures of Japan (temples)
- List of National Treasures of Japan (writings)
- For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese Buddhist art, and Japanese Buddhist temple architecture, see the Glossary of Japanese Buddhism.
- The plaque is a designated National Treasure of Japan.
- Sanmi Sasaki; Shaun McCabe; Iwasaki Satoko; Sen Sōshitsu XV (2005). Chado: The Way of Tea. Tuttle Publishing. p. 541. ISBN 0-8048-3716-3.
- Chris Rowthorn (2007). Lonely Planet Japan. Lonely Planet. p. 196. ISBN 1-74104-667-X.
- Linda Kay Davidson, David Martin Gitlitz (2002). Pilgrimage: from the Ganges to Graceland: an encyclopedia, volume 10. ABC-Clio; illustrated edition. p. 229. ISBN 1-57607-004-2.
- Ed. Nara Chamber of Commerce (2006). Nara Mahoroba Somurie Kentei Official Textbook. Yama to Keikoku sha. p. 129. ISBN 4-635-60050-5.
- Pamphlet distributed by Hase-dera on site. (Japanese)
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