|Residence||Aurora, Colorado, U.S.|
Peshawar, British Raj
|Died|| (aged 100)|
Aurora, Colorado, U.S.
|Height||5 ft 4 in (163 cm)|
Hashim Khan (Pashto: ہاشم خان; c. 1910 to 1914 – 18 August 2014) was a squash player from Pakistan. He won the British Open Squash Championships (the then de facto world championship) a total of seven times, from 1951 to 1956, and then again in 1958. Khan was the patriarch of the Khan squash family, which dominated the sport from the 1950s through the 1980s.
Hashim Khan was born in Nawakille, a small village near Peshawar in modern-day Pakistan, to an ethnically Pashtun family, between 1910 and 1914. Hashim was the second cousin of the two other leading Pakistani players of his time Roshan Khan and Nasrullah Khan, whose sons Rehmat Khan, Torsam Khan and Jahangir Khan are also squash players. The exact birthdate is unknown. According to his family members, he turned 100 on 1 July 2014 (the family celebrated his birthday on 1 July). Khan's father, Abdullah Khan was chief steward at a British officer's club in Peshawar. He brought Hashim when he was 8 to the squash courts which were used by military men to relax, when not performing duties. Khan's father died in a car accident when he was 11, and he left school to become a ball boy and cleaner of the courts. "For sweeping the place, they paid me four annas a day," Khan told the New York Times in 1957. "One anna is a sixteenth part of a rupee. Five rupees equal one American dollar."
Khan's father, Abdullah Khan, was the Head Steward at a club in Peshawar where British army officers stationed in the area played squash. As a youngster, Khan served as an unpaid ball boy at the club, retrieving balls that were hit out of court by the officers. When the officers had finished playing, Khan and the other ball boys would take over the courts. In 1942, Khan became a squash coach at a British Air Force officers' mess. In 1944, he won the first All-of-India squash championship in Bombay, and successfully defended this title for the next two years. When Pakistan became an independent state, he was appointed a squash professional at the Pakistan Air Force, and won the first Pakistani squash championship in 1949.
In 1950, Abdul Bari, a distant relative of Khan's who had chosen to remain in Bombay after the Partition of India in 1947, and who Hashim had beaten in several tournaments in India before partition, was sponsored by the Indian Government to play at the British Open where he finished runner-up to the Egyptian player Mahmoud Karim. This spurred Khan to seek backing to compete in the British Open the following year. In 1951, when Khan was in his 30s, the government of Pakistan – particularly the Pakistan Air Force – sponsored him for the British Squash Championship. It marked the first time Mr. Khan wore shoes on the court. Khan travelled to the United Kingdom to play in the British Open, and won the title beating Karim in the final 9–5, 9–0, 9–0. He again beat Karim in the final in 1952 9–5, 9–7, 9–0. He won again for the next four consecutive years, beating R.B.R. Wilson of England in the 1953 final; his younger brother Azam Khan in two tight five-set finals in 1954 and 1955; and Roshan Khan in the final of 1956. Hashim Khan was runner-up to Roshan Khan in 1957, and won his seventh and final British Open title in 1958, when he beat Azam in the final. Khan also won five British Professional Championship titles, three US Open titles, and three Canadian Open titles.
Khan relocated to the USA in the 1960s, after being invited to teach squash at the Uptown Athletic Club in Detroit. Eventually Khan settled in Denver, Colorado, but continued to appear in veterans' matches at the British Open. The Denver Athletic Club continues to hold a Hashim Khan squash tournament in his honour every year.
Khan had a total of 12 children. His eldest son Sharif Khan became a player on the North American hardball squash circuit in the 1970s, winning a record 12 North American Open titles. Six other sons – Aziz, Gulmast, Liaqat Ali ("Charlie"), Salim ("Sam"), Shaukat, and Mo – also became hardball squash players.
British Open final appearances
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1951||Mahmoud Karim||9–5, 9–0, 9–0|
|1952||Mahmoud Karim||9–5, 9–7, 9–0|
|1953||R.B.R. Wilson||9–2, 8–10, 9–1, 9–0|
|1954||Azam Khan||6–9, 9–6, 9–6, 7–9, 9–5|
|1955||Azam Khan||9–7, 7–9, 9–7, 5–9, 9–7|
|1956||Roshan Khan||9–4, 9–2, 5–9, 9–5|
|1958||Azam Khan||9–7, 6–9, 9–6, 9–7|
|Year||Opponent in final||Score in final|
|1957||Roshan Khan||6–9, 9–5, 9–2, 9–1|
The World Squash Federation President Narayana Ramachandran paid a tribute to Khan, "After a wonderfully long and active life we are now left with memories of a great champion, a great man who has made a wonderful contribution to squash. Hashim's passing has taken somebody so special from us. As we remember him we send our condolences and best wishes to his family at this very sad time," he said. Other Pakistani players like Jahangir Khan, Qamar Zaman and officials like the Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif, Air Chief Marshal Tahir Rafique Butt and Pakistani President also offered condolences and commended Khan. "Within the game, he was an iconic player, arguably the greatest player ever," said James Zug, a leading historian of Squash. In Pakistan, Khan was a hero and a symbol of national pride.
- "Squash great Hashim Khan dies". Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "The Khan Family, A Squash Dynasty". Archived from the original on 29 September 2012. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "Hashim Khan, seven-time world squash champion, dies". The Washington Post. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Squash great Hashim Khan in poor health". Dawn. 2 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Air chief expresses grief on death of Hashim Khan". The Frontier Post. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Hashim Khan's first British Open squash win (1951)". Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "A Legend, at 93, Still Chases the Game". The New York Times. 30 December 2007. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "May His Tribe Increase: Hashim Khan Turns 90". Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- "World lost the greatest player of all-time: WSF". Business Recorder. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "World squash pays tribute to Hashim Khan". The News. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- "Pakistan mourns legend Hashim Khan". The Express Tribune. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 24 August 2014.
- Khan, Hashim, Squash racquets: the Khan game, Wayne State University Press, 1967.
- Khan, Hashim, Keep eye on ball, is most important one thing I tell you, New York : Simon & Schuster, 1996. ISBN 0-684-81324-6
- Keep Eye on Ball: The Hashim Khan Story
- [Unpublished pensketch of Hashim Khan: https://www.scribd.com/document/352809808/Pensketch-of-Hashim-Khan-by-Daud-Kakar-July-2017]
- Hashim Khan at Squash Info