Hasnabad (community development block)
হাসনাবাদ সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|Community development block|
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Total||155.44 km2 (60.02 sq mi)|
|Elevation||7 m (23 ft)|
|• Density||1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||127,403 (71.47%)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Basirhat|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Basirhat Uttar, Hingalganj|
Hasnabad is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Basirhat subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Hasnabad police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Hasnabad. It is located 55 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.
Hasnabad is located at.
Hasnabad CD Block is bounded by Basirhat I CD Block in the north, Debhata Upazila in Satkhira District of Bangladesh in the east, Hingalganj CD Block in the south and Sandeshkhali I and Minakhan CD Blocks in the west.
Hasnabad CD Block has an area of 155.44 km2.
North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans. Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.
The Sundarbans is a flat lowland susceptible to the tidal waves along the 260 km shoreline of the Bay of Bengal. The total expanse of Sundarbans is about 2.05 million hectares (8,000 square miles). Of this, only 0.42 million hectares (1,629 square miles or 10,43,000 acres) are under the reserve forests including about 0.19 million hectares covered by creeks and channels. The area is prone to natural calamities such as cyclones, thunderstorms with occasional hail and floods. There are more than 63,400 km of embankments but the floods caused by high tidal bores, often wash away much of the embankments, already weakened and broken by earlier cyclonic storms.
In May 2009, the district was hit by high speed cyclone named Aila and subsequent rainfall which continued for two days. This created a disaster in 20 out of 22 blocks of the district. 10 out of 27 municipalities of the district were also severely affected.
Six CD Blocks of North 24 Parganas are included in the Sundabans area – Hingalganj, Hasnabad, Sandeskhali I and II, Minakhan and Haora.
As per 2011 Census of India Hasnabad CD Block had a total population of 203,262, of which 197,014 were rural and 6,248 were urban. There were 104,019 (51%) males and 99,243 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 25,007. Scheduled Castes numbered 51,295 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 7,492.
As per 2001 census, Hasnabad block has a total population of 177,470 out of which 91,122 were males and 86,348 were females. Hasnabad block registered a population growth of 17.44 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Census towns and large villages
Large villages in Hasnabad CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Murarisaha (5,652), Rajapura (4,158), Dakshin Bhebia (7,102), Kharampur (5,714), Chandpur (4,008), Haripur (4,107), Ghuni (4,281), Chak Patli (7,128), Shulkaniabad (5,414), Bhurkunda (5,617), Ghoshalati (6,892), Ichhapur (7,872) and Barunhat (16,635).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Hasnabad CD Block was 127,403 (71.47% of the population over 6 years) out of which 69,699 (55%) were males and 57,704 (45%) were females.
As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks). Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 80.69%|
|Deganga – 79.65%|
|Barasat I – 81.50%|
|Barasat II – 77.71%|
|Habra I – 83.15%|
|Habra II – 81.05%|
|Rajarhat – 83.13%|
|Baduria – 78.75%|
|Basirhat I – 72.10%|
|Basirhat II – 78.30%|
|Haroa – 73.13%|
|Hasnabad – 71.47%|
|Hingalganj – 76.85%|
|Minakhan – 71.33%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 71.08%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 70.96%|
|Swarupnagar – 77.57%|
|Bagdah – 75.30%|
|Bangaon – 79.71%|
|Gaighata – 82.32%|
|Barrackpore I – 85.91%|
|Barrackpore II – 84.53%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 114,869 and formed 56.51% of the population in Hasnabad CD Block. Hindus numbered 88,112 and formed 43.35% of the population. Others numbered 281 and formed 0.14% of the population.
In 1981 Hindus numbered 83,096 and formed 61.76% of the population and Muslims numbered 51,496 and formed 38.24% of the population. In 1991 Muslims numbered 83,328 and formed 55.14% of the population and Hindus numbered 67,787 and formed 44.86% of the population in Hasnabad CD Block. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station).
In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Human Development Report
According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district live in the urban areas. The district has 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there are 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffer from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line vary widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, is third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There are 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.
Hasnabad CD Block had a population density of 1,160 persons per km2. It was ranked 15 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 63.45%, ranking of 17. Male literacy rate was 72.03% and female literacy rate was 54.41%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Hasnabad CD Block was cultivators 16.35, agricultural labourers 20.70, household industry workers 15.34 and other workers 47.60 (non-agricultural, non-household). 28.69% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.
In the Hasnabad CD Block none of the villages had secondary schools and for 86.30% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Hasnabad had 15 high schools with 8,006 students and 206 teachers. It had 5 higher secondary schools with 7,326 students and 177 teachers.
In Hasnabad, one of the six CD Blocks in the Sundarban area, 65.75% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 89.04% villages had paved approach roads, 87.67% villages had primary schools, 4.11% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Hasnabad CD Block, 53 villages had tube wells for drinking water and 20 villages had tap water. Hasnabad CD Block had 56 km surfaced roads and 250 km unsurfaced roads.
North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Hasnabad there were 767 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were honey production, piggery, horticulture-nursery and hand embroidery. Hasnabad CD Block had 3 health centres and 33 sub-centres.
in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 33.05%|
|Deganga – 14.29%|
|Barasat I – 18.46%|
|Barasat II – 23.12%|
|Habra I – 34.81%|
|Habra II – 31.75%|
|Rajarhat – 22.60%|
|Baduria – 40.74%|
|Basirhat I – 34.78%|
|Basirhat II – 17.61%|
|Haroa – 33.73%|
|Hasnabad – 28.69%|
|Hingalganj – 44.50%|
|Minakhan – 38.42%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 58.29%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 59.70%|
|Swarupnagar – 27.21%|
|Bagdah – 14.56%|
|Bangaon – 27.70%|
|Gaighata – 22.71%|
|Barrackpore I – 8.63%|
|Barrackpore II – 30.12%|
District Human Development Report:
North 24 Parganas, 2010, page 259
Hasnabad is 75 km from Sealdah and the electrified train line is via Barasat. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. The Barasat – Hasnabad light railway has been converted to a broad gauge section.
- Hasnabad — Bandel via Taki, Basirhat, Kholapota, Baduria, Maslandapur, Habra
- MN2 ParHasnabad — Lebukhali via Hingalganj,
Law and order
Hasnabad being a border area, constantly faces law and order problems. In July 2007, a gang of about 30 dacoits looted four jewellery shops after tying up the policemen inside a camp posted at Bandarkhalibazar under Hasnabad police station.
In April 2007, a fisherman was killed and 22 persons including few women were injured after miscreants, hurled bombs and fired bullets on a group of people at Maheshpur village near Hasnabad. The incident was said to be an outcome of intense rivalry between two CPI(M) fractions over possession of a fishery at Sajnetala near Hasnabad. In July 2005, a cloth-trader was shot dead in a compartment of a Barasat-Hasnabad local train. In October 2004, an irate mob damaged a police van and went on the rampage, damaging a Border Security Force (BSF) camp near Hasnabad. The incident took place in the Sayedpur area of Hasnabad when a truck-load of villagers from Taki were going to join a religious function near the India-Bangladesh border.
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