Hassan Abshir Farah
|Hassan Abshir Farah
حسن ابشير فرح
|Member of the Federal Parliament of Somalia|
August 20, 2012
|9th Prime Minister of Somalia|
November 12, 2001 – December 8, 2003
|Preceded by||Osman Jama Ali|
|Succeeded by||Muhammad Abdi Yusuf|
June 20, 1945 |
|Alma mater||Egyptian Military Academy
Somali National University
Hassan Abshir Farah (Somali: Xasan Xaraami, Arabic: حسن ابشير فرح) (born June 20, 1945) is a veteran Somali politician. He previously served as mayor of Mogadishu and interior minister of Puntland. From November 12, 2001 to December 8, 2003, he was also prime minister of Somalia. Farah is an MP in the Federal Parliament of Somalia.
Farah was born in 1945 in the former Italian Somaliland. He hails from Majeerteen subclan of Darod. Between 1961 and 1965, he attended secondary school in Mogadishu, the nation's capital. He spent the next two years at the Egyptian Military Academy in Cairo, Egypt. Between 1980 and 1986, Hassan also studied at the Somali National University, where he obtained a degree in Law.
Mayor of Mogadishu
Farah's political career began in 1969, when he was a junior member of the military junta that took control of Somalia in 1969 under Siad Barre. His first official role was working as vice district commissioner of Mogadishu. In the 1970s, Hassan was appointed mayor of Mogadishu. During this period, he worked with the National Security Service to have many opponents to the government arrested. He also served as governor of Shabeellaha Dhexe and Bakool, and as the Somali ambassador to Japan and Germany. While governor, he opposed the rising force of the Somali Salvation Democratic Front (SSDF), which resisted Siad Barre's rule.
Interior Minister of Puntland
In December 1999, acting as the Interior Minister of the autonomous northeastern Puntland region and serving under then-President of Puntland, Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, Farah ordered the eviction of three NGO workers, citing "unsatisfactory services" as reasons for their dismissal: Eddie Johns of United Nations Development Programme UNDP) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, Remmelt Hummeyn of UNDP and Said Al-Naimari of UNICEF.
Prime Minister of the Transitional National Government (TNG)
Farah was prime minister in the Transitional National Government (TNG) of Somalia from November 12, 2001 until December 8, 2003, when then President Abdiqassim Salad Hassan held a session of parliament, which cast a vote of no confidence with regard to the Prime Minister and the Parliamentary Speaker at the time, Abdallah Derow Isaak.
During Farah's first month in office, which was a few months after the September 11 attacks in 2001, he said the United States would be welcome to deploy troops to Somalia for the first time since the withdrawal of US forces from the UN missions of the 1990s, and to help monitor terrorist activities in the country. He was referring to Al-Itihaad Al-Islamiya (AIAI), which the US did name as a terrorist organization. On December 15, 2001, he stated there were no members of Al-Qaeda in Somalia, though a rival warlord claimed there were 50 armed fighters of the terrorist organization who had entered the country. In any regard, the United States did not deploy any troops to Somalia at the time.
He was the primary representative of the TNG at the October 2002 Somali Reconciliation Conference held in Eldoret, Kenya. However, those efforts failed to produce a lasting settlement, since the TNG was heavily contested by the rival Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC). The Somali National Reconciliation Conference meetings of July 2003 finally settled problems between the TNG and the SRRC, but by then the TNG had lost most of its momentum and funding. The three-year mandate for the TNG officially ended in August 2003, but the organization continued to carry on between the formal date and the creation of the successor TNG of 2004. President Abdiqassim Salad removed the Prime Minister and the Parliamentary Speaker in August 2003; the no-confidence vote of the Parliament in December 2003 was undertaken to formalize the decision. Writing from Nairobi, Hassan Abshir and Abdallah Derow Isaak both said any attempts to extend the terms of the TNG were "unconstitutional."
Transitional Federal Government (TFG)
In 2004, Hassan Abshir Farah became the Fisheries Minister of the new Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which replaced the TNG. He is mostly active in the National Peace Process in the country. In late 2006, he secured a $55 million pirate-fighting contract with New York-based Top Cat Marine Security.
On August 1, 2006, Farah resigned along with seven other ministers, in protest at Prime Minister Ali Mohammed Ghedi's postponement of talks with the Islamic Courts Union (ICU). He said "We had no option but to resign because we believe if the talks are postponed again it will affect the reconciliation efforts".
Puntland presidential elections
In 2008, Farah launched a campaign to run for president of the autonomous Puntland state in the northeastern region's 2008 elections. Abdirahman Mohamud Farole was eventually elected to office in January of the following year.
- Somalia – Worldstatesmen.com
- Xiirey, Cabdi Caydid (2001). Qaran qabiil ma ku dhismaa?: shirkii nabadaynta ee Carta-Jabuuti. p. 128. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
- Curriculum Vitae of Hassan Abshir Farah Archived July 23, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Hassan Abshir: Master of Political Treachery". Garowe Online. December 31, 2005. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved February 2, 2007.
- "HORN OF AFRICA: IRIN News Briefs ". IRIN. December 10, 1999. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "HORN OF AFRICA IRIN-HOA Weekly Round-up 153". IRIN. August 15, 2003. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved February 23, 2007.
- "Somalia welcomes US troops". BBC. November 27, 2001. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "Terrorism in Somalia". BBC. November 30, 2002. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "Inside Africa". CNN. December 15, 2001. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "Weekly Sitrep no. 20 (Covering from 05th to 11th July, 2003)] NOVIB SOMALIA Somali National Reconciliation Conference". July 11, 2003. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "SOMALIA: TNG hangs in the balance as mandate ends". IRIN. August 13, 2003. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- "Somalian TFG Cabinet minister Hassan Abshir insists Top Cat Marine Security, with which his government signed a two-year $55 million deal, is not only real, but also that TC is ready for combat". February 8, 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-02.
- Eight more ministers resign from Somali government, Reuters, August 1, 2006.
- "Former Somali Prime Minister to run for Puntland president". Garowe Online. November 4, 2008. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved August 29, 2013.
- "Office of the Somali Parliament". Office of the Somali Parliament. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
Osman Jama Ali
|Prime Minister of the
Republic of Somalia
November 12, 2001 – December 8, 2003
Muhammad Abdi Yusuf