Hassan uprising

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Hassan uprising
Part of Moro Rebellion
Date October 1903 – March 1904
Location Sulu Sultanate
Result U.S. Victory
 United States Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg Moro people
Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg Sultanate of Sulu
Commanders and leaders
Colonel H. Scott Datu Panglima Hassan[1][2]
approx. 400–500

The Hassan uprising was a rebellion among the Moro people of Jolo during the Moro Rebellion.[4] It was led by a Muslim datu named Datu Hassan the youngest son of the Great Raja Muda Ammang. Panglima Hassan had assembled followers in Jolo's Crater Lake region, preparing to attack Jolo.[5]:100 Leonard Wood led a force of 1,250 soldiers, including Robert L. Bullard's 28th Infantry, in an attack on "Hassan's Palace", the "strongest cotta in the Sulu Archipelago".[5]:100–101 The Moro's fled and the Americans burned the fort.[5]:101 Hassan surrendered but then escaped,[6] which led Wood to destroy every hostile cotta he encountered, resulting in the death of Datu Andung on Mount Suliman.[5]:101 Although never capturing Hassan, Wood did end up killing 1,500 Moros, which included women and children.[5]:102

The uprising ended in March 1904, when Hassan and two others were cornered by 400 men under Scott's command at Bud Bagsak.[5]:102 It took 34 gunshots to finally kill Hassan.[5]:103[7] The Moros only had a few rifles and kris blades. An American who was injured was almost reached with his mouth holding a kris, by the injured Hassan.[8] [9][10] [11] It was only a head shot with a .45 caliber which killed Hassan since an American was about get hacked with a barong wielded by Hassan despite being shot 32 times already by Krag rifle bullets.[12]


  1. ^ Pamana. Cultural Center of the Philippines. 1971. p. 16. 
  2. ^ Michael Salman (2001). The Embarrassment of Slavery: Controversies Over Bondage and Nationalism in the American Colonial Philippines. University of California Press. pp. 102–103. ISBN 978-0-520-22077-5. 
  3. ^ http://www.msc.edu.ph/centennial/hero/armm/page8.html
  4. ^ Moshe Yegar (2002). Between Integration and Secession: The Muslim Communities of the Southern Philippines, Southern Thailand, and Western Burma/Myanmar. Lexington Books. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Arnold, J.R., 2011, The Moro War, New York: Bloomsbury Press, ISBN 9781608190249
  6. ^ Douglas V. Meed (2003). Soldier of Fortune: Adventuring in Latin America and Mexico with Emil Lewis Holmdahl. Halcyon Press Ltd. pp. 24–. ISBN 978-1-931823-05-0. 
  7. ^ Philippine History. Rex Bookstore. 2004. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  8. ^ http://filipinoamericanwar.com/stallingmororesistance.htm https://claimsabah.wordpress.com/2011/08/30/sultanate-history-1904-panglima-hassan/
  9. ^ http://morolandhistory.com/02.PG-Moros/5.moros_c1900.htm
  10. ^ http://hoa-timeline.weebly.com/-world-events-1900-1920sulu-panglima-hassan-revolt.html
  11. ^ https://www.flickr.com/photos/32784697@N02/3061205826 https://www.pinterest.com/pin/400468591842002778/ http://www.manilatimes.net/juramentados-and-the-development-of-the-colt-45-caliber-model-1911/107609/ https://www.pinterest.com/pin/12807180161569337/
  12. ^ Paul Kirchner (1 January 2009). More of the Deadliest Men Who Ever Lived. Paladin Press. pp. 134–. ISBN 978-1-61004-694-7.