Hastinapur

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Hastinapur
हस्तिनापुर
Hastinapur City
Kailash Parvat Rachna
Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Hastinapur
Hastinapur (Uttar Pradesh)
Coordinates: 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02Coordinates: 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DistrictMeerut
Elevation702 m (2,303 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total58,452
Languages
 • OfficialHindi and English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN250404

Hastinapur is a city in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is described in Hindu texts (Mahabharata and Puranas) as the capital of the Kuru Kingdom and is also mentioned in ancient Jain texts.

Etymology[edit]

Hastinapur essentially means city of elephants:(Sanskrit) Hastina (elephant) + puram (city). Its history traces back to the period of the great epic, the Mahabharata.[citation needed] It is also said that it is named after the King Hastina,[1] and is also known as Gajapuram, Nagapura, Asandivata, Brahmasthalam, Shanti Nagaram and Kunjarpuram in ancient texts.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Balarama pulling Hastinapur toward the Ganges, page from a Bhagavata Dasamskanda series.
Yudhisthira arrives in Hastinapur at the end of Kurukshetra War in the epic Mahabharata.

Hastinapur is located on the right bank of an old bed of the Ganga, and is known in literature and tradition as the capital of the Kauravas, of Kuru Kingdom, in the Mahabharata. Many incidents in the epic Mahabharata are set in the city of Hastinapur. The Mahabharata villains, the 100 Kaurava brothers, were born here, to their mother, Queen Gandhari, wife of King Dhritarashtra. On the bank of the Budhi Ganga, two places known as Draupadi Ghat[2] and Karna Ghat remind one of the Mahabharata personages.

The first reference to Hastinapur in the Puranas comes as the capital of Emperor Bharata. Samrat Samprati, the grandson of the emperor Asoka the Great, of the Mauryan Empire, who built many temples here during his reign. The ancient temple and stupas are not present today. Excavation at Hastinapur was carried out in the early 1950s by B.B. Lal, Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India. Although the main aim of this excavation, according to Lal himself, was to find out the stratigraphic position of Painted Grey Ware with reference to other known ceramic industries of the early historical period, Lal also found correlations between the text of the Mahabharata and the material remains that he uncovered at Hastinapur. This exercise led him to historicize some of the traditions mentioned in the text, as well as link the appearance of the Painted Grey Ware with Aryans in upper Ganges basin areas,[3] though the pre-history of Hastinapur is not clear, because extensive excavation could not be undertaken in an inhabited area. In the medieval era, Hastinapur was attacked by Mughal ruler Babur when invading Hindustan.

  • During British India, Hastinapur was ruled by the Raja Nain Singh Nagar. He built many Hindu temples in and around Hastinapura.[4]

Geography and climate[edit]

In the present-day Hastinapur is a town in the Doab region of Uttar Pradesh in India around 37 km from Meerut and 90 km north-east of Delhi on National Highway 119. It is a small township re-established by Jawaharlal Nehru on February 6, 1949, located at 29°10′N 78°01′E / 29.17°N 78.02°E / 29.17; 78.02.[5] Hastinapur has an average elevation of 218 metres, and experiences extremes of climate similar to the other cities of Uttar Pradesh. The summer season is from the month of March to the month of May, during which the temperatures vary from a minimum of about 32 °C to about 40 °C. The monsoon season is from July to September, and temperatures during this time are usually moderately low. In winter (between December and February), temperatures can drop to nearly 5 °C and usually don't rise beyond 14 °C, with December being the coldest month in the year.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2001 Census of India, Hastinapur had a population of 21,248, with Males constituting 53% of the population (females 47%) and a literacy rate of 73.9% (above the national average of 59.5%). In Hastinapur, 15% of the population is under 10 years of age.[6]

Places of interest[edit]

Located on the banks of an old ravine of Ganges, Hastinapur is considered one of the holiest place by both Hindus and Jains alike. It is believed to be the birthplace of three Jain Tirthankaras. There are many ancient Hindu temples, Pandeshwar Temple, Karna Temple and Jain temples such as Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Jambudweep, Kailash Parvat, Shwetambar Jain Temple. Apart from these temples, a nearby Gurdwara and Hastinapur Sanctuary are also popular among tourists.

Temples and monuments[edit]

Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir[edit]

Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir is the oldest Jain Temple in Hastinapur. The main temple is believed to have been built in the year 1801 under the auspices of Raja Harsukh Rai, who was the imperial treasurer of the Emperor Shah Alam II.[7][8] The principal deity in the main temple is of 16th Jain Tirthankar, Shri Shantinath in Padmasana posture. The altar also has idols of 17th and 18th Tirthankara, Shri Kunthunath and Shri Aranath on each side.[9] There are dozens of other temples and historical monuments in the premises which were mostly built in the late 20th century. Shri Digamber Jain Mandir Tirth Kshetra Committee is also managing numerous Dharamshalas for Jain pilgrims. It has many other facilities including Post Office, Police Sub-station, Jain Gurukul and Udaseen ashram. There are nearby sites of tourist attraction as well, like Jal Mandir, Jain Library, Acharya Vidyanand Museum, 24 Tonks and ancient Nishiyaji’s, situated few kilometres from the main temple.[10]

Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple[edit]

Ashtapad

The Shwetambar temple is renovated recently and the re-establishment took place on Margashirsha Shukla of VS 2021. Ashtapad Teerth built under the aegis of Shri Shwetambar Jain Temple is 151 feet high structure.[11] The architectural details of this monument are worth seeing. The Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha took place in December 2009 under nishra of Gachhadipati Acharya Nityanand Surishwerji. Jain Sthanak is also situated near to Shwetambar Jain Temple.[12]

Kailash Parvat Rachna[edit]

Kailash Parvat is a 131 feet high structure, constructed under the aegis of Shri Digamber Jain Mandir Hastinapur. The principal deity here is Rishabhanatha, the first Tirthankara. The Panch-kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsava of Kailash Parvat was accomplished in April 2006. Kailash Parvat premises has various Jain Temples, Yatri Niwas, Bhojanshala, Auditorium, Helipad and lots of tourist attractions.[13][14]

Jambudweep Jain Tirth[edit]

Jambudweep, depicting the model Jain cosmology, has been designed here under the supervision of Shri Gyanmati Mataji was in 1985. The premises has various Jain temples which include Sumeru Parvat, Lotus Temple, Teen Murti Mandir, Meditation Temple, Badi Murti, Teen Lok Rachna and many other tourist attractions.[15]

Pandeshwar Temple[edit]

Located in the ruins of the old city of Hastinapur, Pandeshwar temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva.This temple is believed to be a place where Kauravas and Pandavas received their education in the Vedas and Puranas[citation needed]. A temple of Goddess Kali and many Hindu Ashrams are also present on a hillock among the ruins.

Karna Temple[edit]

Karneshwar Mandir

The Karna Temple situated near to Pandeshwar temple, on the bank of an old ravine of the Ganges. The Shivling inside the Karna temple is said to have been established by Karna, one of the central figures in the epic Mahabharata.[16]

Bhai Dharam Singh Gurdwara[edit]

This is a small Gurdwara located in a village Saifpur, some 2.5 km (1.6 mi) from Hastinapur. Bhai Dharam Singh (1666–1708) was one of the Panj Pyare (Punjabi: ਪੰਜ ਪਿਆਰੇ) or the Five Beloved, the forerunners of Khalsa. He was the son of Bhai Sant Ram of the village Saifpur.[17][18]

Hastinapur Sanctuary[edit]

Hastinapur Sanctuary, constituted in 1986, is one of the prominent wildlife projects in India. The sanctuary extends over a wide area of Meerut, Bijnore, Hapur and Jyotiba Phule Nagar in Uttar Pradesh. It is a sprawling forest occupying the area of 2073 km2.[19][20]

Festivals and fairs[edit]

Various cultural and religious believing fairs are held here around the year, like Akshaya Tritiya, Das Lakshana, Kartik mela, Holi mela, Durga Puja and many other programs are organised by NGOs and the tourism department round the year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ J.P. Mittal (2006). History Of Ancient India (a New Version) : From 7300 Bb To 4250 Bc,. Vol. 1. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers & Distributors. p. 308. ISBN 978-81-269-0615-4. Retrieved 21 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh - Archaeological Survey of India". asi.nic.in.
  3. ^ "Excavation Sites in Uttar Pradesh - Archaeological Survey of India". asi.nic.in. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  4. ^ "Unreason and Archaeology: The 'Painted Grey-Ware' and Beyond". jstor.org.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Hastinapur, India". fallingrain.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
  7. ^ http://mdameerut.in/major-attraction/
  8. ^ http://www.digambarjainonline.com/pilgri/hastina.htm
  9. ^ A Review of World Antiquarianism: Comparative Perspectives. Getty Publications. p. 431. ISBN 978-1606061480.
  10. ^ "Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Bada Mandir Hastinapur, Meerut(U.P.), Jain Mandir, Mandir, Mandir in Hastinapur, Mandir in Uttar Pradesh, Mandir in India, Jain bada mandir in hastinapur, Shri Digamber Jain Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Prachin Mandir, Shri Digamber Jain Bada Mandir". jainbaramandirhtr.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  11. ^ "on www.jainsamaj.org ( Jainism, Ahimsa News, Religion, Non-Violence, Culture, Vegetarianism, Meditation, India. )". jainsamaj.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  12. ^ "HereNow4U.net :: Article Archive - The 151 Foot High Ashtapad Teerth in Hastinapur". HereNow4u: Portal on Jainism and next level consciousness. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  13. ^ "Home". kailashparvat.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  14. ^ "WWW.JAINHERITAGECENTRES.COM > Jainism In India > Uttar Pradesh > Hastinapur > Kailash parvat Mandir". jainheritagecentres.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  15. ^ "Home". jambudweep.org. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  16. ^ "Work on Mahabharat Circuit to start soon". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  17. ^ "Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara - Hastinapur - Bhai Dharam Sing Gurdwara Photos, Sightseeing - Native Planet". nativeplanet.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  18. ^ http://www.up-tourism.com/destination/meerut/excursions.htm
  19. ^ "Hastinapur sanctuary". The Hindu. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  20. ^ "Hastinapur Sanctuary". indiatravelfaq.com. Retrieved 25 August 2015.

Further reading[edit]


External links[edit]