Hastings (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hastings
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
1366–1983
Number of members one
Replaced by Hastings and Rye

Hastings was a parliamentary constituency in Sussex. It returned two Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom until the 1885 general election, when its representation was reduced to one member. It was abolished for the 1983 general election, when it was partially replaced by the new Hastings and Rye constituency.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The County Borough of Hastings.

1950-1955: The County Borough of Hastings, the Municipal Borough of Rye, and part of the Rural District of Battle.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1366–1640[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1386 John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1378 John Salerne
1382 (May) John Salerne
1383 (Feb) John Salerne
1383 (Oct) John Salerne
1388 (Feb) John Clyvessend Edward Martham [1]
1388 (Sep) Richard Bannok John Scott [1]
1390 (Jan) John Clyvessend Richard Wybard [1]
1390 (Nov)
1391 John Clyvessend Richard Bannok [1]
1393 John Scott John Sharp [1]
1394
1395 Edward Martham John Hokere [1]
1397 (Jan) John Clyvessend John Hokere [1]
1397 (Sep)
1399 Edward Martham Henry Mordant [1]
1401
1402 John Sharp Robert Burgrove [1]
1404 (Jan)
1404 (Oct)
1406 Henry Mordant John Bexle [1]
1407 Robert Burgrove Thomas Wybard [1]
1410 Edward Martham John Harry [1]
1411
1413 (Feb)
1413 (May) Henry Mordant Richard Huntingdon [1]
1414 (Apr)
1414 (Nov) Jihn Sharp Thomas Julyan [1]
1415
1416 (Mar)
1416 (Oct)
1417 John Lyvett Richard Huntingdon [1]
1419 Simon Lymbergh John Martham [1]
1420 Simon Lymbergh William Courthope [1]
1421 (May) John Parker William Courthope [1]
1421 (Dec) Richard Huntingdon William Courthope [1]
1510 No names known[2]
1512 Robert Hall Henry Benever [2]
1515  ?
1523 Edmund Jacklin alias Bocher Edmund Franke [2]
1529 Richard Calveley Thomas Shoyswell [2]
by 1534 John Durrant John Taylor [2]
1536 ?John Durrant ?John Taylor [2]
1539  ?
1542 John Franke Richard Bishop [2]
1545  ?
1547 Sir William Stafford John Isted [2]
1553 (Mar) John Isted  ?
1553 (Oct) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1554 (Apr) John Franke John Isted [2]
1554 (Nov) Thomas Rhodes John Peyton [2]
1555 Thomas Rhodes Roger Manwood [2]
1558 Thomas Brett Henry Tennant [2]
1559 John Franke James Hobson[3]
1562/3 Sir William Damsell[4] Richard Lyffe [3]
1571 Richard Lyffe James Bryan [3]
1572 Richard Lyffe Thomas Lake [3]
1584 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips[3]
1586 Thomas Lake Thomas Phillips[3]
1588/9 Richard Lyffe John Parker [3]
1593 Richard Lyffe Henry Apsley [3]
1597 Richard Lyffe Edmund Pelham [3]
1601 Sir Thomas Shirley Richard Lyffe [3]
1604–1611 Richard Lyffe died and
replaced by
James Lasher
Sir George Carew ennobled and
replaced 1605 by
Sir Edward Hales[5]
1614 Sir Edward Hales James Lasher
1621 Samuel Moore James Lasher
1624 Nicholas Eversfield Samuel Moore
1625 Nicholas Eversfield Sackville Crowe
1626 Sir Dudley Carleton
replaced by Sir Thomas Parker
Nicholas Eversfield
1628 John Ashburnham Nicholas Eversfield

MPs 1640–1885[edit]

Election 1st Member 1st Party 2nd Member 2nd Party
April 1640 Sir John Baker Robert Reed
November 1640 John Ashburnham Royalist (Sir) Thomas Eversfield Royalist
February 1644 Ashburnham and Eversfield disabled from sitting - both seats vacant
1645 John Pelham Roger Gratwick
December 1648 Pelham excluded in Pride's Purge - seat vacant
1653 Hastings was unrepresented in the Barebones Parliament and the First and Second Parliaments of the Protectorate
January 1659 Samuel Gott Nicholas Delves
May 1659 Not represented in the restored Rump
April 1660 Sir Denny Ashburnham Nicholas Delves
1661 Edmund Waller
1679 Sir Robert Parker John Ashburnham
1681 Thomas Mun
1685 Sir Denny Ashburnham John Ashburnham
Jan 1689 Thomas Mun
Aug 1689 John Beaumont
1690 Peter Gott
1695 John Pulteney Robert Austen
1698 Peter Gott
1701 John Mounsher
1702 Hon. William Ashburnham
Feb 1710 John Ashburnham Tory
Oct 1710 Sir William Ashburnham Sir Joseph Martin
1713 Archibald Hutcheson
1715 Henry Pelham
1722 Sir William Ashburnham
1727 Thomas Townshend [6]
1728 Thomas Pelham
1741 James Pelham Andrew Stone Whig
1761 Hon. James Brudenell William Ashburnham
1768 Samuel Martin
1774 Viscount Palmerston Charles Jenkinson
1780 John Ord
1784 John Dawes John Stanley
1790 Sir Richard Pepper Arden
1794 Robert Saunders Dundas
1796 Sir James Sanderson Nicholas Vansittart
1798 William Sturges
1802 The Lord Glenbervie George William Gunning
1806 Sir John Nicholl Sir William Fowle Middleton
1807 George Canning Sir Abraham Hume
1812 James Dawkins
1818 George Peter Holford
1820 William Henry John Scott
June 1826 Sir William Curtis, Bt. Sir Charles Wetherell
December 1826 Evelyn Denison James Law Lushington
1827 Joseph Planta
1830 Sir Henry Fane
1831 John Ashley Warre Whig Frederick North Whig
1835 Howard Elphinstone Whig
1837 Joseph Planta Conservative Robert Hollond Whig
1844 Musgrave Brisco Conservative
1852 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1854 Frederick North Whig
1859 Liberal Lord Harry Vane Liberal
1864 Hon. George Waldegrave-Leslie Liberal
1865 Patrick Francis Robertson Conservative
1868 Thomas Brassey Liberal Frederick North Liberal
1869 Ughtred James Kay-Shuttleworth Liberal
1880 Charles James Murray Conservative
1883 Henry Bret Ince Liberal
1885 Redistribution of Seats Act: representation reduced to one member

MPs 1885–1983[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Thomas Brassey Liberal
1886 Wilson Noble Conservative
1895 William Lucas-Shadwell Conservative
1900 Freeman Freeman-Thomas Liberal
1906 Harvey du Cros Conservative
1908 by-election Sir Arthur du Cros Conservative
1918 Laurance Lyon Coalition Conservative
1921 by-election Lord Eustace Percy Coalition Conservative
1937 by-election Maurice Hely-Hutchinson Conservative
1945 Sir Neill Cooper-Key Conservative
1970 Kenneth Warren Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Hastings and Rye

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Brassey
General Election 1885: Hastings [7][8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Thomas Brassey 2,712 51.5 n/a
Conservative Wilson Noble 2,550 48.5 n/a
Majority 162 3.0 n/a
Turnout 92.8 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1886: Hastings [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilson Noble 2,765 55.4 +6.9
Liberal Thomas Seymour Brand 2,230 44.6 -6.9
Majority 535 10.8 13.8
Turnout 88.1 -4.7
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +6.9

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Hemphill
General Election 1892: Hastings [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Wilson Noble 3,077 53.9
Liberal Charles Hemphill 2,628 46.1
Majority 449 7.8
Turnout 86.8
Conservative hold Swing
Lucas-Shadwell
General Election 1895: Hastings [7][8][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Lucas-Shadwell 3,205 52.8 -1.1
Liberal Cecil Henry Blundell Ince 2,863 47.2 +1.1
Majority 342 5.6 -2.2
Turnout 83.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.1

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Thomas
General Election 1900: Hastings [7][8][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,399 51.6
Conservative Edward Boyle 3,191 48.4
Majority 208 3.2
Turnout 80.9
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1906: Hastings [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Harvey du Cros 4,348 52.5
Liberal Freeman Freeman-Thomas 3,935 47.5
Majority 413 5.0
Turnout 94.6
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Du Cros
Hastings by-election, 1908[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,495 56.4 +3.9
Liberal Robert Harcourt 3,477 43.6 -3.9
Majority 1,018 12.8 +7.8
Turnout 91.6 -3.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.9

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Hastings [7][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,634 54.7 -1.7
Liberal Robert Tweedy-Smith 3,833 45.3 +1.7
Majority 801 9.4 -3.4
Turnout 93.8 +2.2
Conservative hold Swing -1.7
General Election December 1910: Hastings [7][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Arthur Du Cros 4,397 55.6
Liberal Arthur Frederick William Johnson 3,515 44.4
Majority 882 11.2
Turnout 87.6
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1914/15

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

General Election 1918: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 11,210 75.9
British Socialist Party Joseph George Butler 3,556 24.1 n/a
Majority 7,654 51.8
Turnout 59.2
Unionist hold Swing
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Lord Percy
Hastings by-election, 1921[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 11,685 54.7 -21.2
Labour W Richard Davies 5,437 25.5 +1.4
Liberal Arthur Blackman 4,240 19.8 n/a
Majority 6,248 29.2 -22.6
Turnout 78.0 +18.8
Unionist hold Swing -11.3
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government
General Election 1922: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Eustace Percy 13,991 68.3 +13.6
Labour W Richard Davies 6,492 31.7 +6.2
Majority 7,499 36.6 +7.4
Turnout 71.2 -6.8
Unionist hold Swing +3.7
Maria Gordon
1923 General Election: Hastings [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Eustace Percy 11,914 52.6 -15.7
Liberal Maria Gordon 5,876 25.9 n/a
Labour W. Richard Davies 4,859 21.5 -10.2
Majority 6,038 26.7 -9.9
Turnout 76.4 +5.2
Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Eustace Percy 15,217 71.4 +18.8
Labour Muriel Matters 6,082 28.6 +7.1
Majority 9,135 42.8 +16.1
Turnout 70.5 -5.9
Unionist hold Swing +8.0
General Election 1929: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Eustace Percy 15,928 52.3 -19.1
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing 8,004 26.3 n/a
Labour Basil Noble 6,516 21.4 -7.2
Majority 7,924 26.0 -16.8
Turnout 73.4 +2.9
Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eustace Percy 22,640 70.3
Labour Irene Goddard 4,983 15.5
Liberal Thomas Austen Edwin Spearing 4,561 14.2
Majority 17,657 54.9
Turnout 32,184 73.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Eustace Percy 20,905 69.0
Labour William Wate Wood 9,404 31.0
Majority 11,501 38.0
Turnout 30,309 66.5
Conservative hold Swing
Hastings by-election, 1937[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Maurice Hely-Hutchinson 18,428 62.1
Labour William Wate Wood 11,244 37.9
Majority 7,184 24.2
Turnout 65.3
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 14,105 51.8
Labour Lewis Gassman 10,580 38.8
Independent Progressive Sydney Muller Parkman 2,564 9.4 n/a
Majority 3,525 13.0
Turnout 74.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 30,035 52.92
Labour Lewis Cohen 17,603 31.01
Liberal Peter L. M. Hurd 9,122 16.07
Majority 12,432 21.90
Turnout 82.14
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 34,495 63.74
Labour Catherine Williamson 19,621 36.26
Majority 14,874 27.49
Turnout 77.36
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 20,469 55.77
Labour Reginald George White 11,933 32.51
Liberal John Montgomerie 4,303 11.72
Majority 8,536 23.26
Turnout 75.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1959: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 22,458 62.32
Labour James Paterson Bryant 13,576 37.68
Majority 8,882 24.65
Turnout 74.19
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 16,902 44.55
Labour Henry Arthur Fountain 11,324 29.85
Liberal Jeremy John Arnold 9,716 25.61
Majority 5,578 14.70
Turnout 76.34
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Neill Cooper-Key 15,324 40.27
Labour Cyril Bernard Kissen 12,984 34.12
Liberal Jeremy John Arnold 9,744 25.61
Majority 2,340 6.15
Turnout 76.41
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 20,364 50.61
Labour Cyril Bernard Kissen 13,549 33.67
Liberal Pamela Maud Shields 6,324 15.72
Majority 6,815 16.94
Turnout 72.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, February 1974: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 20,075 44.85
Labour Michael Foster 12,992 29.02
Liberal MG Cass 11,690 26.12
Majority 7,083 15.83
Turnout 79.06
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, October 1974: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 18,337 44.93
Labour Michael Foster 13,685 33.53
Liberal A Leggett 8,793 21.54
Majority 4,652 11.40
Turnout 71.58
Conservative hold Swing
General Election, 1979: Hastings[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Kenneth Warren 21,311 51.53
Labour Michael Foster 12,392 29.96
Liberal A Leggett 6,474 15.65
Independent GL McNally 839 2.03
National Front HJ Anderson 344 0.83
Majority 8,919 21.56
Turnout 71.68
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  4. ^ Stanley T. Bindoff, The House of Commons: 1509-1558, vol. 4, p. 9
  5. ^ Cobbett's Parliamentary History records the second member for Hastings in the 1604 Parliament as being James Lasher, but this seems to be an error; Lasher is mentioned only in the Commons Journal from 1621 while Carew was certainly a member in 1604, and other sources name his constituency as Hastings
  6. ^ Townshend was also elected for Cambridge University, which he chose to represent, and never sat for Hastings
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  8. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  10. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  11. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  13. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  15. ^ FWS Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  16. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  • Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) [1]
  • D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
  • J E Neale, The Elizabethan House of Commons (London: Jonathan Cape, 1949)
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]