The Hastings Center

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The Hastings Center
THC logo horiz PMS color.jpg
Motto Advancing scholarship and public engagement in bioethics since 1969
Formation August 28, 1969
Type Bioethics research institute
Location
President
Mildred Z Solomon[1]
Key people
Nancy Berlinger[2]
Daniel Callahan[3]
Michael K. Gusmano[4]
Josephine Johnston[5]
Gregory Kaebnick[6]
Karen Maschke[7]
Thomas H. Murray[8]
Erik Parens[9]
Revenue (2015)
$5,310,654[10]
Expenses (2015) $3,412,332[10]
Website www.thehastingscenter.org

The Hastings Center is an independent, non-partisan bioethics research institute based in Garrison, New York.[11] Founded in 1969 and the first organization of its kind, the Center was instrumental in establishing bioethics as a field of study.[12][13][14]

The Center's mission is to address fundamental ethical issues in health, health care, life sciences research and the environment affecting individuals, communities, and societies.[15] After careful consideration and analysis through a unique process that invites diverse views, Hastings scholars publish regular reports, articles and blogs, as well as specific guidelines, policy recommendations and books. They testify at Congressional and Presidential hearings and at national and global conferences.[16]

The Center is funded by grants, private donations, and journal subscriptions.[17][18]

Founding and location[edit]

The Hastings Center was co-founded by Daniel Callahan[19] and Willard Gaylin and was officially recognized as a non-profit organization on August 28, 1969. Offices were originally located in Hastings-on-Hudson, and then subsequently moved to the Briarcliff College site in Briarcliff Manor. The Center is now located in Garrison, New York, on the former Woodlawn estate designed by Richard Upjohn.[20]

Publications[edit]

The Hastings Center is perhaps best known as the publisher of one of the world's leading journals in bioethics, Hastings Center Report, [21][22] and IRB: Ethics & Human Research,[23] which feature scholarship and commentary in bioethics for readers worldwide. Both are published six times per year. The Report also periodically features special reports, published as supplements, from the center's research projects.

Bioethics Forum, the blog of The Hastings Center, "publishes commentaries from a range of perspectives on timely issues in bioethics."[24]

Research[edit]

The Hastings Center's projects, carried out by interdisciplinary research teams, focus on five key program areas: health and health care; children and families; aging, chronic conditions, and care near the end of life; emerging science and conceptions of the self; and human impact on the natural world, as well as "through-lines" like human research subjects and education.[25]

Issues can range from "stem cell politics," to globalization and its impact on health status, to "wiser" health care. Primary research areas include genetics and biotechnology, health care and health policy, ethics, science, the environment, and international science ethics. The Center strives to frame and explore issues that inform professional practice, public conversation, and social policy.

The Center conducts seminar-style meetings to review developments in science and policy, frame legal and social issues, and in-depth critical reflection on fundamental principles and values.[26] Hastings research scholars write and speak on a variety of topics and assist members of the press and others.

The Robert S. Morison Library, located at the Center's offices in Garrison, New York, serves as a resource for Hastings scholars, fellows, visitors, and others.[27]

Woodlawn, the Hastings Center's home in Garrison, NY

Reception and influence[edit]

The Hastings Center's 1987 "Guidelines on the Termination of Life-Sustaining Treatment and the Care of the Dying" remain the standard in the field of bioethics. Several court decisions, including the 1990 Supreme Court ruling in Cruzan v. Director, Missouri Department of Health, have cited the guidelines which were published in an updated version in 2013.[28]

Hastings Center staff are frequently called upon for policy advice by committees and agencies at both the Federal and state levels.[29]

Awards[edit]

Henry Knowles Beecher Awards[edit]

Since 1976, the Henry Knowles Beecher Award has recognized "individuals who have made a lifetime contribution to ethics and the life sciences and whose careers have been devoted to excellence in scholarship, research, and ethical inquiry." A committee of Hastings Center Fellows convenes to nominate candidates for the award, which is named for its inaugural recipient Henry Knowles Beecher, a pioneer in the fields of anesthesiology and medical ethics.[30]

Henry Knowsles Beecher Award Recipients[31]
Year Recipient
2016 Leon R. Kass, MD, PhD
2015 Renée C. Fox, PhD
2014 Ruth Macklin, PhD
2013 Robert M. Veatch, PhD
2012 Thomas H. Murray, PhD
2011 Solomon R. Benatar, MBChB, DSc (Med)

Ren-Zong Qiu

2010 Tom L. Beauchamp, PhD

James F. Childress, PhD

2009 Alexander M. Capron, LLB
2008 Joanne Lynn, MD, MS, MA
2003 Edmund D. Pellegrino, MD, MACP
1999 Alastair V. Campbell, MA, BD, ThD

Raanan Gillon, MB, BS, FRCP

1996 Danner Clouser, PhD

Sissela Bok, PhD

1993 Jay Katz, MD
1989 Daniel Callahan, PhD

Willard Gaylin, MD

1988 Richard A. McCormick, SJ
1984 Robert S. Morison, MD
1981 Paul Ramsey, PhD

Joseph Fletcher, STD

1978 Hans Jonas, PhD
1976 Henry K. Beecher, MD

Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards[edit]

In 2009, The Hastings Center and the Cunniff-Dixon Foundation launched the Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards to recognize excellence in the field of care at the end of life. Recipients are selected in a process coordinated by The Hastings Center and Duke University's Institute on Care at the End of Life.[32]

First awarded in 2010, the Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards initially honored one established physician and three early-career physicians. In 2011, an additional awards category was created, recognizing the accomplishments of a mid-career physician; since that year, five prizes worth a combined value of $95,000 have been distributed annually.[33]

Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards Recipients[34][35]
Year Senior Physician Mid-Career Physician Early-Career Physicians
2016 Marian Hodges, MD, MPH Paul E. Tatum III, MD, MSPH, CMD, FAAHPM, AGSF Ross Albert, MD, PhD

Rashmi Sharma, MD, MHS

Keith M. Swetz, MD, MA, FACP, FAAHPM

2015 David N. Korones, MD Bruce E. Condit, MD, FHM Shaida Talebreza Brandon, MD, FAAHPM, HMDC

Mary K. Buss, MD, MPH

Laura M. Iglesias Lino, MD

2014 Catherine D. Deamant, MD Chris Feudtner, MD, PhD, MPH Elise C. Carey, MD, FAAHPM

Jeanette S. Ross, MD, AGSF, FAAHPM

Nadia Tremonti, MD

2013 Charles G. Sasser, MD, FACP, FAAHPM Daniel C. Johnson, MD, FAAHPM Drew Rosielle, MD

Jane Delima Thomas, MD

Alen Voskanian, MD, FAAHPM, AAHIVS

2012 Janet Bull, MD Michael W. Rabow, MD Justin N. Baker, MD, FAAP, FAAHPM

Jason Morrow, MD, PhD

Theresa A. Soriano, MD, MPH

2011 Ann Allegre, MD, FACP, FAAHPM Anthony Nicholas Galanos, MA, MD Stefan J. Friedrichsdorf, MD

Savithri Nageswaran, MBBS, MPH

Eric W. Widera, MD

2010 Robert A. Milch, MD, FACS (No award given this year.) Elisabeth Potts Dellon, MD, MPH

Jeffrey N. Stoneberg, DO

Eytan Szmuilowicz, MD

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mildred Z. Solomon". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  2. ^ "Nancy Berlinger, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. 2011-03-04. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Daniel Callahan, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. 2008-06-20. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  4. ^ "Michael K. Gusmano, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  5. ^ "Josephine Johnston, LLB, MBHL". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  6. ^ "Gregory E. Kaebnick, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  7. ^ "Karen J. Maschke, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  8. ^ "Thomas H. Murray, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  9. ^ "Erik Parens, Ph.D.". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  10. ^ a b "The Hastings Center Inc." (PDF). Foundation Center. Retrieved 16 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Charity Navigator Report". Charity Navigator. 
  12. ^ "Pew Forum". Pew Research Center. 
  13. ^ Levin BW, Fleischman AR (2002). "Public Health and Bioethics: The Benefits of Collaboration". Am J Public Health. US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health. 92: 165–7. doi:10.2105/ajph.92.2.165. PMC 1447034Freely accessible. PMID 11818283. 
  14. ^ "Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy". 
  15. ^ "Our Mission - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  16. ^ "Hastings Scholars - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  17. ^ Guidestar
  18. ^ Internet FAQ Archives
  19. ^ Gustavus Adolphus College
  20. ^ http://philipstown.info/2013/07/02/the-hastings-center-releases-second-edition-of-guidelines/
  21. ^ Medicalxpress Analysis 2014
  22. ^ "Report". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-07. 
  23. ^ "IRB: Ethics & Human Research". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2012-09-24. 
  24. ^ "Hastings Bioethics Forum Blog - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  25. ^ "Current Projects - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  26. ^ "Our Approach - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-03-17. 
  27. ^ New York State Literary Tree
  28. ^ "Thomson Reuters FindLaw". 
  29. ^ Melvin, Tessa (1989-12-17). "Two Decades as 'Honest Brokers' for Medicine's Moral Issues". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 December 2012. 
  30. ^ "Henry Knowles Beecher Award - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  31. ^ "Henry Knowles Beecher Award - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  32. ^ "Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  33. ^ "About - The Hastings Center Cunniff Dixon". The Hastings Center Cunniff Dixon. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  34. ^ "Hastings Center Cunniff-Dixon Physician Awards - The Hastings Center". The Hastings Center. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  35. ^ "Home - The Hastings Center Cunniff Dixon". The Hastings Center Cunniff Dixon. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 

External links[edit]

  • TheHastingsCenter.org – 'The Hastings Center: Bioethics and Public Policy', Hastings Center homepage
  • [1] – Bioethics Forum: Diverse Commentary on Issues in Bioethics